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H.R. 4354 (115th): Missed Opportunities in Science and Engineering Research Act of 2017

The text of the bill below is as of Nov 9, 2017 (Introduced).



1st Session

H. R. 4354


November 9, 2017

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology


To require reporting by the National Science Foundation on requests for funding research that were not granted and had the greatest potential for promoting scientific progress and advancing national health, prosperity, and welfare, and for other purposes.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Missed Opportunities in Science and Engineering Research Act of 2017.


Annual reporting by National Science Foundation on missed opportunities


In general

Not later than March 30 of each fiscal year starting with fiscal year 2017 through fiscal year 2021, the Director of the National Science Foundation (in this section, referred to as the Director) shall submit to Congress a report on the fiscal health of the National Science Foundation research enterprise and the volume of worthy but unfunded grant proposals submitted to the National Science Foundation in the preceding fiscal year. Such report shall identify—


the success rate of grant applications reviewed during such fiscal year;


the top two grant applications reviewed during such fiscal year that were not selected for funding; and


if the success rate described in paragraph (1) is less than 32 percent, the top applications for grants that were not selected for funding but would have been so selected if the Foundation had achieved a success rate of 32 percent or greater for the fiscal year.


Trade secrets and confidential information

This section does not authorize the Secretary to disclose any information that is a trade secret or confidential information subject to section 552(b)(4) of title 5, United States Code, or section 1905 of title 18, United States Code.



In this section:


Success rate

The term success rate means the percentage of grant applications reviewed by the Director that received funding.



The term top, with respect to a grant application, means that such application has been determined by the Director to have greater potential than any other grant applications submitted to the Director for—


promoting any field of fundamental science or engineering;


advancing the national health, prosperity, and welfare; or


securing the national defense.