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H.R. 4570: Ending Forced Arbitration of Sexual Harassment Act

The text of the bill below is as of Dec 6, 2017 (Introduced).


I

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 4570

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

December 6, 2017

(for herself, Mr. Jones, Ms. Jayapal, and Ms. Stefanik) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To amend title 9 of the United States Code with respect to arbitration.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Ending Forced Arbitration of Sexual Harassment Act.

2.

Arbitration of employment disputes

(a)

In general

Title 9 of the United States Code is amended by adding at the end the following:

4

Arbitration of Employment Disputes

401.

Definitions

In this chapter—

(1)

the term sex discrimination dispute means a dispute between an employer and employee arising out of conduct that would form the basis of a claim based on sex under title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e et seq.) if the employment were employment as defined in section 701(b) of that title regardless of whether a violation of title VII is alleged; and

(2)

the term predispute arbitration agreement means any agreement to arbitrate a dispute that had not yet arisen at the time of the making of the agreement.

402.

Validity and enforceability

(a)

In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, no predispute arbitration agreement shall be valid or enforceable if it requires arbitration of a sex discrimination dispute.

(b)

Applicability

(1)

In general

An issue as to whether this chapter applies to an arbitration agreement shall be determined under Federal law. The applicability of this chapter to an agreement to arbitrate and the validity and enforceability of an agreement to which this chapter applies shall be determined by a court, rather than an arbitrator, irrespective of whether the party resisting arbitration challenges the arbitration agreement specifically or in conjunction with other terms of the contract containing such agreement.

(2)

Collective bargaining agreements

Nothing in this chapter shall apply to any arbitration provision in a contract between an employer and a labor organization or between labor organizations, except that no such arbitration provision shall have the effect of waiving the right of an employee to seek judicial enforcement of a right arising under a provision of the Constitution of the United States, a State constitution, or a Federal or State statute, or public policy arising therefrom.

.

(b)

Technical and conforming amendments

(1)

In general

Title 9 of the United States Code is amended—

(A)

in section 1, by striking of seamen, and all that follows through interstate commerce;

(B)

in section 2, by inserting or as otherwise provided in chapter 4 before the period at the end;

(C)

in section 208—

(i)

in the section heading, by striking Chapter 1; residual application and inserting Application; and

(ii)

by adding at the end the following: This chapter applies to the extent that this chapter is not in conflict with chapter 4.; and

(D)

in section 307—

(i)

in the section heading, by striking Chapter 1; residual application and inserting Application; and

(ii)

by adding at the end the following: This chapter applies to the extent that this chapter is not in conflict with chapter 4..

(2)

Table of sections

(A)

Chapter 2

The table of sections for chapter 2 of title 9, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 208 and inserting the following:

208. Application.

.

(B)

Chapter 3

The table of sections for chapter 3 of title 9, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 307 and inserting the following:

307. Application.

.

(3)

Table of chapters

The table of chapters for title 9, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

4. Arbitration of employment disputes.

.

3.

Effective date

This Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to any dispute or claim that arises on or after such date.