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H.R. 4581 (115th): Screening and Vetting Passenger Exchange Act of 2017

H.R. 4581 directs the DHS Secretary to develop best practices for utilizing Advance Passenger Information (API) and Passenger Name Record (PNR) data for counterterrorism screening and vetting operations, and to make such practices available to certain foreign partners.

Advance passenger information (API), or biographic information about a traveler, and passenger name record (PNR) data, or data about a traveler’s reservation and itinerary, are valuable tools used for screening and vetting potential criminals and terrorists. DHS, especially CBP and TSA, utilize these data sets to confirm the identities and travel patterns of travelers before they are able to enter the U.S. Many of our allies, however, do not have the capabilities needed to utilize this sort of advanced data for screening and vetting purposes.

Last updated Feb 12, 2018. Source: Republican Policy Committee

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Sep 4, 2018.


Screening and Vetting Passenger Exchange Act of 2017

(Sec. 2) This bill directs the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to develop best practices for utilizing advanced passenger information and passenger name record data for counterterrorism screening and vetting operations.

DHS shall: (1) make unclassified versions of such best practices available to appropriate countries, including visa waiver program countries; and (2) provide assistance to such countries in implementing such practices.