H.R. 4581 directs the DHS Secretary to develop best practices for utilizing Advance Passenger Information (API) and Passenger Name Record (PNR) data for counterterrorism screening and vetting operations, and to make such practices available to certain foreign partners.
Advance passenger information (API), or biographic information about a traveler, and passenger name record (PNR) data, or data about a traveler’s reservation and itinerary, are valuable tools used for screening and vetting potential criminals and terrorists. DHS, especially CBP and TSA, utilize these data sets to confirm the identities and travel patterns of travelers before they are able to enter the U.S. Many of our allies, however, do not have the capabilities needed to utilize this sort of advanced data for screening and vetting purposes.