H. R. 4751
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 10, 2018
Mr. Faso (for himself and Ms. Fudge) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture
To reauthorize the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Healthy Fields and Farm Economies Act.
Amendments to the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977
The Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2001 et seq.) is amended—
in section 5(e), by striking
and December 31, 2015 and inserting
December 31, 2015, and December 31, 2022;
in section 6(d), by striking
, respectively and inserting
, and a program update shall be completed by December 31, 2023;
in section 7—
in subsection (a), by striking
and 2016 and inserting
, 2016, and 2022; and
in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking
and 2017 and inserting
, 2017, and 2023;
in section 10, by striking
2018 and inserting
by redesignating sections 8 through 10 as sections 9 though 11, respectively; and
by inserting after section 7 the following:
Conservation programs assessment
In coordination with the appraisal of soil, water, and related resources and with the national soil and water conservation program established under this Act, the Secretary may carry out a conservation effects assessment project to quantify the environmental and economic effects of conservation practices, develop the science base for managing the agricultural landscape for environmental quality and sustainable productive capacity, and improve the efficacy of conservation practices and programs by evaluating conservation effects.
The project under this subsection may be carried out at national, regional, and watershed scales, and may include cropland, grazing lands, wetlands, forests, and such other lands as the Secretary may determine appropriate.
The project under this subsection may include research, literature reviews and bibliographies, modeling, assessment, monitoring and data collection, outreach, extension education, and such other activities as the Secretary may determine appropriate.
Goals and assessment process for conservation programs
Natural resource and environmental objectives and outcomes
In coordination with the appraisal of soil, water, and related resources, the soil and water conservation program, and the conservation effects assessment project established by this Act, the Secretary shall identify, and periodically revise, specific natural resource and environmental objectives and anticipated conservation outcomes and results, by resource concern, for the conservation programs established under subtitles D and H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 and the landscape conservation initiatives developed by the Secretary.
To help measure outcomes and results, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make assessments of changes in the status and conditions of natural resources and the environment that result from the application of conservation activities supported directly by such conservation programs and initiatives.
Monitoring and program evaluation
The Secretary shall establish a coordinated monitoring and evaluation process for programs and initiatives to assess progress toward the identified objectives, to gather information to improve program and initiative implementation in accordance with desired program and initiative outcomes and results, and to assess the need for modifications to program or initiative rules or statutes.
Monitoring and program evaluation
The Secretary shall use not more than one percent of the total annual funding from the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation made available for new annual enrollments for the conservation programs established under subtitles D and H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 to establish a comprehensive monitoring and program evaluation process to assess progress in reaching natural resource and environmental objectives identified in accordance with subsection (a) and the contribution of individual programs and initiatives, as well as the programs and initiatives collectively, to that progress.
In implementing the monitoring and program evaluation process under paragraph (1), the Secretary may consider and incorporate resource concern inventories, quality criteria, conservation practices and enhancements, and such other information as the Secretary determines relevant for applying the monitoring and program evaluation process across each of the major land uses identified by the Secretary.
Monitoring and evaluation process
Not later than two years after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue a design for the comprehensive monitoring and evaluation process, a schedule for implementing the process, and a plan for coordinating the process with the national soil and water conservation program and conservation effects assessment project established under this Act.
The design for the monitoring and evaluation process shall—
include detailed information concerning the requisite frequency of the monitoring process at the field, water body, habitat, or other level and the manner in which the data will be aggregated at the landscape or watershed level, county or local level, State level, national level, and any other level the Secretary determines necessary; and
take into account the cumulative nature of conservation over time, the interactions and sequencing effects between conservation activities, the differing times for conservation effects to be realized, and other related measurement challenges.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to facilitate implementation of the monitoring and evaluation process, the Secretary shall make available conservation activity and program data to cooperators and researchers engaged in public research and evaluation activities to improve conservation outcomes under this subsection, provided that—
adequate assurances are provided to the Secretary that any resulting research or information will be made publicly available and in a form that protects personally identifiable information; and
the National Technical Committee finds that any such research is likely to generate information that furthers the purpose of this section.
The Secretary may implement the monitoring evaluation process in part through cooperative or contribution agreements with Federal, State, and local agencies, universities and colleges, nongovernmental organizations with requisite expertise, as determined by the Secretary in consultation with the National Technical Committee.
National technical committee
The monitoring and evaluation process shall be administered by the Natural Resources Conservation Service with assistance from a national technical committee appointed by the Secretary and composed of individuals with relevant technical and scientific expertise representing—
the Agricultural Research Service of the Department of Agriculture;
the Economic Research Service of the Department of Agriculture;
the Farm Service Agency of the Department of Agriculture;
the United States Fish and Wildlife Service;
the Forest Service;
the National Institute for Food and Agriculture;
the United States Geological Survey;
the Environmental Protection Agency;
State and tribal agencies;
land grant university natural resource research programs;
nongovernmental organizations with expertise in the full array of conservation issues and measurement and evaluation of conservation outcomes; and
such other agencies, institutions, or organizations as the Secretary may determine appropriate.
The national technical committee shall be exempt from the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.).
The Secretary shall ensure the proceedings and recommendations of the national technical committee are available to the public.
In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall ensure that any on-farm monitoring activities that may be included as part of the monitoring and program evaluation process are voluntary on the part of the producer, and may include appropriate compensation, as determined by the Secretary.
Report on objectives and methods
Beginning in the fiscal year that is 3 years after the date of enactment of this subsection, and periodically thereafter, as determined by the Secretary, the Secretary shall submit to Congress, and make publicly available, a report that includes—
a description of conservation outcome objectives that are, to the maximum extent practicable, quantitative, measurable, and time-bound for each program established under subtitle D or H of the Food Security Act of 1985 and the landscape conservation initiatives developed by the Secretary;
a description of the approaches, tools, and methods used to measure or model the conservation outcomes and results and to estimate the cost-effectiveness of each such program; and
guidance to the conservation project partners working to implement conservation programs within a landscape-level project that provides a description of the approaches, tools, and methods the partners might consider using to measure and model the conservation outcomes and results of their projects.
Report on outcomes
In conjunction with each of the reports to Congress pursuant to section 7, the Secretary shall submit to Congress, and make publicly available, a report that includes—
an assessment of progress made towards achieving conservation program objectives and anticipated outcomes and results for each conservation program established under subtitle D or H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as well as for such programs collectively, and the landscape conservation initiatives developed by the Secretary;
an evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of each such conservation program and initiative; and
recommendations, in light of the assessment and evaluation, to improve program implementation and improve the scientific and economic tools (including any new or revised conservation practices, conservation enhancements, or conservation planning tools) used to achieve stated natural resource conservation and environmental objectives.
The Secretary may coordinate the reports required under paragraphs (1) and (2) with any reports developed as part of the conservation effects assessment project authorized by section 8, whenever such coordination is feasible and warranted, as determined by the Secretary.