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H.R. 4965 (115th): Authenticating Local Emergencies and Real Threats Act of 2018

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To establish best practices for State, tribal, and local governments participating in the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System, and for other purposes.

The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.

Sponsor and status

Colleen Hanabusa

Sponsor. Representative for Hawaii's 1st congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Feb 7, 2018
Length: 11 pages
Feb 7, 2018
115th Congress (2017–2019)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on February 7, 2018, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


1 Cosponsor (1 Democrat)

See Instead

S. 2385 (same title)
Passed Senate (House next) — Jun 26, 2018


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard Calls on Congress to Pass READI Act to Improve Nationwide Emergency Alert System
    — Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2, 2013-2020] (Co-sponsor) on Oct 4, 2018

rep Lieu statement on $85 million settlement over medical scopes linked to superbugs
    — Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33] on Dec 11, 2018

VIDEO: Reps. Tulsi Gabbard, Colleen Hanabusa Introduce Bill to Improve Nationwide Emergency Alert System
    — Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2, 2013-2020] (Co-sponsor) on Jul 26, 2018

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Feb 7, 2018

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 4965 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4965. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 4965 — 115th Congress: Authenticating Local Emergencies and Real Threats Act of 2018.” 2018. December 1, 2021 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.