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H.R. 5131 (115th): Surface Transportation Security Improvement Act of 2018

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About the bill

Source: Republican Policy Committee

H.R. 5131 improves the effectiveness of federal efforts to identify and address homeland security risks to surface transportation, secure against vehicle-based attacks, and conduct a feasibility assessment of introducing new security technologies and measures. Specifically, the bill requires a Government Accountability Office (GAO) review of the national strategy for transportation security, the development of risk-based priorities for all transportation modes, a feasibility assessment of utilizing security technologies for surface transportation assets; the dissemination of best practices for enhancing security against vehicle-based terrorist attacks, the authorization of the Innovation Task Force, a threat assessment of certain security technologies tied to foreign countries, and a strategy for surface transportation inspectors.

Sponsor and status

Bonnie Watson Coleman

Sponsor. Representative for New Jersey's 12th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Mar 22, 2018
Length: 14 pages
Feb 27, 2018
115th Congress (2017–2019)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on March 22, 2018 but was never passed by the Senate.


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Rep. Watson Coleman Bill to Improve Transit Security Passes the House
    — Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12] (Sponsor) on Mar 22, 2018

McCaul on House Passage of Eight Bills to Protect the Homeland
    — Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10] on Mar 22, 2018

The Week Ahead - scheduled votes, committee action and other important notes for the week of March 19, 2018
    — Rep. David Young [R-IA3, 2015-2018] on Mar 19, 2018

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Feb 27, 2018

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Mar 7, 2018
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Mar 19, 2018
Reported by House Committee on Homeland Security

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Mar 22, 2018
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

H.R. 5131 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 5131. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not enacted by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 5131 — 115th Congress: Surface Transportation Security Improvement Act of 2018.” 2018. August 6, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

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