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H.R. 5204: Andrew T. Finch Memorial Act of 2018

The text of the bill below is as of Mar 7, 2018 (Introduced).


I

115th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 5204

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 7, 2018

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To amend title 18, United States Code, to penalize false communications to cause an emergency response, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Preventing Swatting and Protecting our Communities Act of 2018 or as the Andrew T. Finch Memorial Act of 2018.

2.

False communications to cause an emergency response

Section 1038 of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)(1), to read as follows:

(1)

In general

Whoever engages in any conduct with intent to convey false or misleading information—

(A)

under circumstances where such information may reasonably be believed and where such information indicates that an activity has taken, is taking, or will take place that would constitute a violation of chapter 2, 10, 11B, 39, 40, 44, 111, or 113B of this title, section 236 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284), or section 46502, the second sentence of section 46504, section 46505(b)(3) or (c), section 46506 if homicide or attempted homicide is involved, or section 60123(b) of title 49; or

(B)

using the mail or any facility or means of interstate or foreign commerce, under circumstances where such information may reasonably be expected to cause an emergency response and the information indicates that conduct has taken, is taking, or will take place that constitutes a crime under State or Federal law or endangers public health or safety or the health or safety of any person,

shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both. If serious bodily injury results, the defendant shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both, and if death results, the defendant shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for any number of years up to life, or both.

;

(2)

in subsection (b), to read as follows:

(b)

Civil action

Whoever engages in any conduct with intent to convey false or misleading information—

(1)

under circumstances where such information may reasonably be believed and where such information indicates that an activity has taken, is taking, or will take place that would constitute a violation of chapter 2, 10, 11B, 39, 40, 44, 111, or 113B of this title, section 236 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284), or section 46502, the second sentence of section 46504, section 46505 (b)(3) or (c), section 46506 if homicide or attempted homicide is involved, or section 60123(b) of title 49; or

(2)

using the mail or any facility or means of interstate or foreign commerce, under circumstances where such information may reasonably be expected to cause an emergency response and the information indicates that conduct has taken, is taking, or will take place that constitutes a crime under State or Federal law or endangers public health or safety or the health or safety of any person,

is liable in a civil action to any party incurring expenses incident to any emergency or investigative response to that conduct, for those expenses.

; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(e)

Definition

In this section, the term emergency response means any deployment of personnel or equipment, order or advice to evacuate, or issuance of a warning to the public or a threatened person, organization, or establishment, by an agency of the United States or a State charged with public safety functions, including any agency charged with detecting, preventing, or investigating crimes or with fire or rescue functions, or by a private not-for-profit organization that provides fire or rescue functions.

.