skip to main content

H.R. 5682 (115th): FIRST STEP Act

Call or Write Congress

About the bill

Source: Republican Policy Committee

H.R. 5682 requires the Department of Justice (DOJ) to develop and apply a risk and needs assessment system to identify a prisoner’s risk and assign them to appropriate evidence-based programming. Prisoners can earn incentives for participating in the programming.

Prison reform initiatives have demonstrated success in state systems, and the FIRST STEP Act would enable the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) to capitalize on similar resources at the federal level. The legislation would direct the BOP to conduct risk- and needs-assessments for every offender upon sentencing, and then to offer individualized, evidence-based recidivism reduction plans to all inmates, without exception. Programs could include vocational training, educational support, substance abuse treatment, mental health care, anger-management courses, faith-based initiatives or other resources proven to lower the chance that men and women reoffend.

The …

Sponsor and status

Doug Collins

Sponsor. Representative for Georgia's 9th congressional district. Republican.

Read Text »
Last Updated: May 23, 2018
Length: 82 pages
May 7, 2018
115th Congress (2017–2019)
Enacted Via Other Measures

Provisions of this bill were incorporated into other bills which were enacted.

This bill was incorporated into:

S. 756: S. 756: FIRST Step Act
Enacted — Signed by the President on Dec 21, 2018. (compare text)

19 Cosponsors (10 Republicans, 9 Democrats)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Collins Praises President Trump's Leadership on FIRST STEP Act
    — Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9, 2013-2020] (Sponsor) on Nov 14, 2018

Walker Co-Sponsored Legislation to Reform the Criminal Justice System and Enhance Prison Security Passes the House
    — Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6, 2015-2020] (Co-sponsor) on May 22, 2018

Ranking Member Nadler Floor Statement in Support of S. 756, the First Step Act
    — Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY12] on Dec 20, 2018

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates H.R. 5682 will save $127 million through 2028.
Women Against Registry Women Against Registry is a nationwide organization advocating for the families who have loved ones on the sex offender registry. Currently, according to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) there are 874,000 men, women and children (as young …
#cut50 We envision a criminal justice system that recognizes the humanity of the 2.2 million people currently behind bars in America and moves toward compassion and treatment rather than punishment and incarceration. The FIRST STEP Act falls in line with our mission …


May 7, 2018

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

May 9, 2018
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

May 22, 2018
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

May 22, 2018
Reported by House Committee on the Judiciary

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

H.R. 5682 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 5682. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 5682 — 115th Congress: FIRST STEP Act.” 2018. March 28, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.