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H.R. 7336 (115th): Pathogen Reduction and Testing Reform Act of 2018


The text of the bill below is as of Dec 19, 2018 (Introduced).


I

115th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 7336

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

December 19, 2018

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture

A BILL

To amend the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act to provide that meat, poultry, and egg products containing certain pathogens or contaminants are adulterated, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Pathogen Reduction and Testing Reform Act of 2018.

2.

Products containing certain pathogens or contaminants adulterated

(a)

Meat and meat food products

Section 1(m) of the Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 601(m)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

by inserting or a microbial pathogen that is associated with serious illness or death after which may render it injurious to health; and

(B)

by inserting or such a microbial pathogen after added substance; and

(2)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) as subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E), respectively;

(B)

by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new subparagraph:

(B)

if it bears or contains a strain of a microbial pathogen, such as Campylobacter or Salmonella, that is resistant to not fewer than two critically important antibiotics for human medicine (as specified in the World Health Organization’s list of Critically Important An­ti­mi­cro­bi­als);

; and

(C)

in subparagraph (E) (as redesignated by subparagraph (A)) by striking clause (B), (C), or (D) and inserting this subparagraph or subparagraph (C) or (D).

(b)

Poultry and poultry products

Section 4(g) of the Poultry Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 453(g)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

by inserting or a microbial pathogen that is associated with serious illness or death after which may render it injurious to health; and

(B)

by inserting or such a microbial pathogen after added substance; and

(2)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) as subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E), respectively;

(B)

by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new subparagraph:

(B)

if it bears or contains a strain of a microbial pathogen, such as Campylobacter or Salmonella, that is resistant to not fewer than two critically important antibiotics for human medicine (as specified in the World Health Organization’s list of Critically Important An­ti­mi­cro­bi­als);

; and

(C)

in subparagraph (E) (as redesignated by subparagraph (A)) by striking clause (B), (C), or (D) and inserting this subparagraph or subparagraph (C) or (D).

(c)

Eggs and egg products

Section 4(a) of the Egg Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 1033(a)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

by inserting or a microbial pathogen that is associated with serious illness or death after which may render it injurious to health; and

(B)

by inserting or such a microbial pathogen” after “added substance; and

(2)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) as subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E), respectively;

(B)

by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new subparagraph:

(B)

if it bears or contains a strain of a microbial pathogen, such as Campylobacter or Salmonella, that is resistant to not fewer than two critically important antibiotics for human medicine (as specified in the World Health Organization’s list of Critically Important An­ti­mi­cro­bi­als);

; and

(C)

in subparagraph (E) (as redesignated by subparagraph (A)) by striking clause (B), (C), or (D) and inserting this subparagraph or subparagraph (C) or (D).

3.

Testing for certain pathogens or contaminants required

(a)

Meat and meat food products

The Federal Meat Inspection Act is amended by inserting after section 9 (21 U.S.C. 609) the following new section:

9A.

Testing for certain pathogens or contaminants required

Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall, for purposes of examinations or inspections conducted under this Act, establish sampling protocols and testing procedures using the methods and technologies the Secretary determines are most appropriate—

(1)

to determine if meat and meat food products are adulterated within the meaning of paragraph (1) or (2)(B) of section 1(m); and

(2)

to prevent the use in commerce of any product that is determined to be so adulterated.

.

(b)

Poultry and poultry products

The Poultry Products Inspection Act is amended by inserting after section 8 (21 U.S.C. 457) the following new section:

8A.

Testing for certain pathogens or contaminants required

Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall, for purposes of examinations or inspections conducted under this Act, establish sampling protocols and testing procedures using the methods and technologies the Secretary determines are most appropriate—

(1)

to determine if poultry and poultry products are adulterated within the meaning of paragraph (1) or (2)(B) of section 4(g); and

(2)

to prevent the entry into or flow or movement in commerce of, or the burdening of commerce by, any such product that is determined to be so adulterated.

.

(c)

Egg and egg products

The Egg Products Inspection Act is amended by inserting after section 7 (21 U.S.C. 1036) the following new section:

7A.

Testing for certain pathogens or contaminants required

Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall, for purposes of examinations or inspections conducted under this Act, establish sampling protocols and testing procedures using the methods and technologies the Secretary determines are most appropriate—

(1)

to determine if eggs and egg products are adulterated within the meaning of paragraph (1) or (2)(B) of section 4(a); and

(2)

to prevent the entry into or flow or movement in commerce of, or the burdening of commerce by, any such product that is determined to be so adulterated.

.

4.

Regulations; effective date

(a)

Regulations

Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue regulations to carry out the amendments made by this Act.

(b)

Effective date

The amendments made by this Act shall apply with respect to meat and meat food products, poultry and poultry products, and eggs and egg products entering into interstate or foreign commerce on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.