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H.R. 821 (115th): Child Tax Credit Improvement Act


The text of the bill below is as of Feb 2, 2017 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.


I

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 821

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 2, 2017

(for herself, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Neal, Mr. Doggett, Mr. Levin, Mr. Crowley, Mr. Lewis of Georgia, Mr. McGovern, Mr. Ben Ray Luján of New Mexico, Mr. Larson of Connecticut, Ms. Sánchez, Mr. Gutiérrez, Mr. Pascrell, Mrs. Dingell, Mr. Meeks, Ms. Norton, Mr. Soto, Mr. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Mr. Khanna, Ms. Esty, Mr. Butterfield, Ms. Schakowsky, Mrs. Lawrence, Mr. Kennedy, Ms. Slaughter, Ms. Shea-Porter, Mr. Brendan F. Boyle of Pennsylvania, Mr. Hoyer, Ms. Eshoo, and Ms. Wasserman Schultz) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means

A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the child credit for children under the age of 6, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Child Tax Credit Improvement Act.

2.

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

According to the Supplemental Poverty Measure of the Bureau of the Census, the Child tax credit and earned income tax credit lift more children out of poverty than any other Federal policy. According to research published by the Century Foundation, the child tax credit alone now lifts nearly 1 in 8 children who would otherwise be poor out of poverty.

(2)

Despite the success of the child tax credit, economists have found that families with young children often receive the smallest child tax credits because they do not yet have enough income to receive the full benefit of the credit.

(3)

Pediatricians and other child development experts have long talked about the critical importance of the earliest years of life.

(4)

Economists have found similar effects of the importance of income in the earliest years with returns to school achievement.

(5)

Young children, including babies and toddlers, are among the poorest people in the country by age.

(6)

Economists have found that large fluctuations in a family’s income can be detrimental to the development of young children. Research on scarcity has found it is hard for parents to focus on children if they are worrying about having sufficient income to meet their family’s needs.

(7)

Indexing the value of the child tax credit would end the slow erosion of the child tax credit due to inflation.

3.

Young child tax credit

(a)

Special rule for young children

Section 24 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following:

(h)

Young child tax credit

(1)

In general

In the case of a young qualifying child, subsection (a) shall be applied for the taxable year (after the application of subsection (i)) by substituting $3,600 for $1,000.

(2)

Young qualifying child

For purposes of paragraph (1), the term young qualifying child means a qualifying child who has not attained age 6 as of the close of such taxable year.

(3)

Limitation based on adjusted gross income

For purposes of applying subsection (b) with respect to a young qualifying child, paragraph (1) of subsection (b) shall be applied by substituting $180 for $50.

(4)

Credit refundable

The aggregate credits allowed to a taxpayer under subpart C shall be increased by the credit which would be allowed under this section without regard to this subsection, subsection (d), and the limitation under section 26(a). The amount of the credit allowed under this subsection shall not be treated as a credit allowed under this subpart and shall reduce the amount of credit otherwise allowable under subsection (a) without regard to section 26(a).

(5)

Reconciliation of credit and advance credit

(A)

In general

The amount of the credit allowed under subsection (a) by reason of paragraph (1) for any taxable year shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the aggregate amount of any advance payments of such credit under section 7527A for such taxable year.

(B)

Excess advance payments

If the aggregate amount of advance payments under section 7527A for the taxable year exceeds the amount of the credit allowed under subsection (a) by reason of paragraph (1) for such taxable year (determined without regard to subparagraph (A)), the tax imposed by this chapter for such taxable year shall be increased by the amount of such excess.

.

(b)

Advance payment of credit

Chapter 77 of such Code is amended by inserting after section 7527 the following new section:

7527A.

Advance payment of young child tax credit

(a)

In general

As soon as practicable and not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall establish a program for making advance payments of the credit allowed under section 24 by reason of subsection (h) thereof on a monthly basis, or as frequently as the Secretary determines to be administratively feasible, to taxpayers allowed such credit (determined without regard to section 24(h)(5)(A)).

(b)

Limitation

The Secretary may make payments under subsection (a) only to the extent that the total amount of such payments made to any taxpayer during the taxable year does not exceed the amount determined under section 24(h) with respect to such taxpayer (determined without regard to subsections (b) and (f) of such section). Such program shall make reasonable efforts to apply the limitation of section 24(b) with respect to payments made under such program.

.

(c)

Conforming amendments

(1)

Section 6211(b)(4)(A) of such Code is amended by inserting 24(h), after 24(d),.

(2)

Section 6402(m) of such Code is amended by inserting or (h) after subsection (d).

(3)

The table of sections for chapter 77 of such Code is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 7527 the following new item:

Sec. 7527A. Advance payment of young child tax credit.

.

(4)

Section 1324(b)(2) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by inserting 24(h), before 25A,.

(d)

Effective date

(1)

In general

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2016.

(2)

Advance payment program

The Secretary of the Treasury, or his designee, shall establish the program described in section 7527A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by this section) not later than such date.

4.

Modifications of the child tax credit

(a)

Refundable portion

Clause (i) of section 24(d)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended to read as follows:

(i)

45 percent of the taxpayer’s earned income (within the meaning of section 32) which is taken into account in computing taxable income for the taxable year, or

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2016.

5.

Adjustments for inflation

(a)

In general

Section 24 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended by sections 3 and 4, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(i)

Inflation adjustments

(1)

Credit amount generally

In the case of any taxable year beginning in a calendar year after 2016, the $1,000 amount contained in subsection (a) shall be increased by an amount equal to—

(A)

such dollar amount, multiplied by

(B)

the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins, determined by substituting calendar year 2010 for calendar year 1992 in subparagraph (B) thereof.

(2)

Young child credit amount

In the case of any taxable year beginning in a calendar year after 2017, the $3,600 amount contained in subsection (h)(1) shall be increased by an amount equal to—

(A)

such dollar amount, multiplied by

(B)

the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins, determined by substituting calendar year 2016 for calendar year 1992 in subparagraph (B) thereof.

(3)

Rounding

Any increase determined under paragraph (1) or (2) shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $50.

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2016.