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H.R. 986 (115th): Tribal Labor Sovereignty Act of 2017

The text of the bill below is as of Feb 9, 2017 (Introduced).



1st Session

H. R. 986


February 9, 2017

(for himself, Mr. Cole, Mrs. Noem, Ms. Moore, Ms. Michelle Lujan Grisham of New Mexico, Mr. Peterson, Mr. Mullin, Ms. Cheney, Mr. LaMalfa, and Mr. Gosar) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce


To clarify the rights of Indians and Indian tribes on Indian lands under the National Labor Relations Act.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Tribal Labor Sovereignty Act of 2017.


Definition of employer

Section 2 of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 152) is amended—


in paragraph (2), by inserting or any Indian tribe, or any enterprise or institution owned and operated by an Indian tribe and located on its Indian lands, after subdivision thereof,; and


by adding at the end the following:


The term Indian tribe means any Indian tribe, band, nation, pueblo, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.


The term Indian means any individual who is a member of an Indian tribe.


The term Indian lands means—


all lands within the limits of any Indian reservation;


any lands title to which is either held in trust by the United States for the benefit of any Indian tribe or individual or held by any Indian tribe or individual subject to restriction by the United States against alienation; and


any lands in the State of Oklahoma that are within the boundaries of a former reservation (as defined by the Secretary of the Interior) of a federally recognized Indian tribe.