IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
To amend the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998 to address harmful algal blooms, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Amendments Act of 2017.
References to the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998
Except as otherwise expressly provided, wherever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998 (33 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.).
Inter-Agency Task Force
Section 603(a) (33 U.S.C. 4001(a)) is amended—
in paragraph (12), by striking
and at the end;
by redesignating paragraph (13) as paragraph (14); and
by inserting after paragraph (12) the following:
the Army Corps of Engineers; and
Scientific assessments of freshwater harmful algal blooms
Section 603 (33 U.S.C. 4001) is amended—
by striking subsection (f);
by redesignating subsections (g), (h), (i), and (j) as subsections (f), (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
Scientific assessments of marine and freshwater harmful algal blooms
Not less than once every 5 years the Task Force shall complete and submit to Congress a scientific assessment of harmful algal blooms in United States coastal waters and freshwater systems. Each assessment shall examine both marine and freshwater harmful algal blooms, including those in the Great Lakes and upper reaches of estuaries, those in freshwater lakes and rivers, and those that originate in freshwater lakes or rivers and migrate to coastal waters.
National Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Program
Section 603A(e) (33 U.S.C. 4002(e)) is amended—
in paragraph (1), by inserting
, including to local and regional stakeholders through the establishment and maintenance of a publicly accessible Internet website that provides information as to Program activities completed under this section after
in paragraph (3)—
in subparagraph (B), by striking
; and and inserting a semicolon;
in subparagraph (C), by inserting
and after the semicolon at the end; and
by adding at the end the following:
to accelerate the utilization of effective methods of intervention and mitigation to reduce the frequency, severity, and impacts of harmful algal bloom and hypoxia events;
in paragraph (4), by striking
and work cooperatively with and inserting
, and work cooperatively to provide technical assistance to,; and
in paragraph (7)—
and extension after
existing education; and
awareness of the causes, impacts,.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration activities
Section 603A(f) (33 U.S.C. 4002(f)) is amended—
in paragraph (3), by inserting
, which shall include unmanned systems, after
in paragraph (5), by striking
and at the end;
in paragraph (6)(C), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
by adding at the end the following:
use cost effective methods in carrying out this Act; and
develop contingency plans for the long-term monitoring of hypoxia.
Section 102 of the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Amendments Act of 2004 (33 U.S.C. 4001a) is amended by striking
the amendments made by this title and inserting
the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998.
Hypoxia or harmful algal bloom of national significance
Upon a determination under subsection (b) that there is an event of national significance, the appropriate Federal official is authorized to make sums available to the affected State or local government for the purposes of assessing and mitigating the detrimental environmental, economic, subsistence use, and public health effects of the event of national significance.
The Federal share of the cost of any activity carried out under this subsection for the purposes described in paragraph (1) may not exceed 50 percent of the cost of that activity.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an appropriate Federal official may accept donations of funds, services, facilities, materials, or equipment that the appropriate Federal official considers necessary for the purposes described in paragraph (1). Any funds donated to an appropriate Federal official under this paragraph may be expended without further appropriation and without fiscal year limitation.
At the discretion of an appropriate Federal official, or at the request of the Governor of an affected State, an appropriate Federal official shall determine whether a hypoxia or harmful algal bloom event is an event of national significance.
In making a determination under paragraph (1), the appropriate Federal official shall consider the toxicity of the harmful algal bloom, the severity of the hypoxia, its potential to spread, the economic impact, the relative size in relation to the past 5 occurrences of harmful algal blooms or hypoxia events that occur on a recurrent or annual basis, and the geographic scope, including the potential to affect several municipalities, to affect more than 1 State, or to cross an international boundary.
In this section:
Appropriate Federal official
The term appropriate Federal official means—
in the case of a marine or coastal hypoxia or harmful algal bloom event, the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere; and
in the case of a freshwater hypoxia or harmful algal bloom event, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
Event of national significance
The term event of national significance means a hypoxia or harmful algal bloom event that has had or will likely have a significant detrimental environmental, economic, subsistence use, or public health impact on an affected State.
Hypoxia or harmful algal bloom event
The term hypoxia or harmful algal bloom event means the occurrence of hypoxia or a harmful algal bloom as a result of a natural, anthropogenic, or undetermined cause.
Authorization of appropriations
Section 609(a) (33 U.S.C. 4009(a)) is amended by inserting
, and $22,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 before the period at the end.
Passed the Senate September 26, 2017.