This bill became the vehicle for passage of the FISA Amendments Reauthorization Act of 2017. The bill would extend so-called "section 702" government surveillance under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
The bill was originally introduced and passed the Senate in 2017 as the Rapid DNA Act, a bill to expand the use of DNA in law enforcement. In August 2017, its identical companion bill H.R. 510 was enacted in its place. On January 11, 2018, the House replaced the text of this bill, which had become moot by the enactment of an identical bill, with the FISA Amendments Reauthorization Act, which was originally introduced as S. 2010.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on May 16, 2017.
(This measure has not been amended since it was introduced. The expanded summary of the Senate reported version is repeated here.)
Rapid DNA Act of 2017
(Sec. 2) This bill amends the DNA Identification Act of 1994 to require the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to issue standards and procedures for using Rapid DNA instruments to analyze DNA samples of criminal offenders.
Rapid DNA instruments carry out a fully automated process to create a DNA analysis from a DNA sample.
DNA samples prepared by criminal justice agencies using Rapid DNA instruments in compliance the FBI-issued standards and procedures may be included in the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS).
(Sec. 3) The bill amends the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 to allow the FBI to waive certain existing requirements if a DNA sample is analyzed using Rapid DNA instruments and the results are included in CODIS.