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S. 1615: Dream Act of 2017

The text of the bill below is as of Jul 20, 2017 (Introduced).


II

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1615

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 20, 2017

(for himself, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Flake, and Mr. Schumer) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To authorize the cancellation of removal and adjustment of status of certain individuals who are long-term United States residents and who entered the United States as children, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Dream Act of 2017.

2.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

In general

Except as otherwise specifically provided, any term used in this Act that is used in the immigration laws shall have the meaning given such term in the immigration laws.

(2)

DACA

The term DACA means deferred action granted to an alien pursuant to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program announced by President Obama on June 15, 2012.

(3)

Disability

The term disability has the meaning given such term in section 3(1) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(1)).

(4)

Early childhood education program

The term early childhood education program has the meaning given such term in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003).

(5)

Elementary school; high school; secondary school

The terms elementary school, high school, and secondary school have the meanings given such terms in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(6)

Immigration laws

The term immigration laws has the meaning given such term in section 101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(17)).

(7)

Institution of higher education

The term institution of higher education

(A)

except as provided in subparagraph (B), has the meaning given such term in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002); and

(B)

does not include an institution of higher education outside of the United States.

(8)

Permanent resident status on a conditional basis

The term permanent resident status on a conditional basis means status as an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence on a conditional basis under this Act.

(9)

Poverty line

The term poverty line has the meaning given such term in section 673 of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902).

(10)

Secretary

Except as otherwise specifically provided, the term Secretary means the Secretary of Homeland Security.

(11)

Uniformed services

The term Uniformed Services has the meaning given the term uniformed services in section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.

3.

Permanent resident status on a conditional basis for certain long-term residents who entered the United States as children

(a)

Conditional basis for status

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an alien shall be considered, at the time of obtaining the status of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence under this section, to have obtained such status on a conditional basis subject to the provisions under this Act.

(b)

Requirements

(1)

In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall cancel the removal of, and adjust to the status of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence on a conditional basis, an alien who is inadmissible or deportable from the United States or is in temporary protected status under section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1254a), if—

(A)

the alien has been continuously physically present in the United States since the date that is 4 years before the date of the enactment of this Act;

(B)

the alien was younger than 18 years of age on the date on which the alien initially entered the United States;

(C)

subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the alien—

(i)

is not inadmissible under paragraph (2), (3), (6)(E), (6)(G), (8), (10)(A), (10)(C), or (10)(D) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a));

(ii)

has not ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in the persecution of any person on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion; and

(iii)

has not been convicted of—

(I)

any offense under Federal or State law, other than a State offense for which an essential element is the alien’s immigration status, that is punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of more than 1 year; or

(II)

3 or more offenses under Federal or State law, other than State offenses for which an essential element is the alien’s immigration status, for which the alien was convicted on different dates for each of the 3 offenses and imprisoned for an aggregate of 90 days or more; and

(D)

the alien—

(i)

has been admitted to an institution of higher education;

(ii)

has earned a high school diploma or a commensurate alternative award from a public or private high school, or has obtained a general education development certificate recognized under State law or a high school equivalency diploma in the United States; or

(iii)

is enrolled in secondary school or in an education program assisting students in—

(I)

obtaining a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent under State law; or

(II)

in passing a general educational development exam, a high school equivalence diploma examination, or other similar State-authorized exam.

(2)

Waiver

With respect to any benefit under this Act, the Secretary may waive the grounds of inadmissibility under paragraph (2), (6)(E), (6)(G), or (10)(D) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)) for humanitarian purposes or family unity or if the waiver is otherwise in the public interest.

(3)

Treatment of expunged convictions

An expunged conviction shall not automatically be treated as an offense under paragraph (1). The Secretary shall evaluate expunged convictions on a case-by-case basis according to the nature and severity of the offense to determine whether, under the particular circumstances, the Secretary determines that the alien should be eligible for cancellation of removal, adjustment to permanent resident status on a conditional basis, or other adjustment of status.

(4)

DACA recipients

The Secretary shall cancel the removal of, and adjust to the status of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence on a conditional basis, an alien who was granted DACA unless the alien has engaged in conduct since the alien was granted DACA that would make the alien ineligible for DACA.

(5)

Application fee

(A)

In general

The Secretary may require an alien applying for permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this section to pay a reasonable fee that is commensurate with the cost of processing the application.

(B)

Exemption

An applicant may be exempted from paying the fee required under subparagraph (A) if the alien—

(i)
(I)

is younger than 18 years of age;

(II)

received total income, during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, that is less than 150 percent of the poverty line; and

(III)

is in foster care or otherwise lacking any parental or other familial support;

(ii)

is younger than 18 years of age and is homeless;

(iii)
(I)

cannot care for himself or herself because of a serious, chronic disability; and

(II)

received total income, during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, that is less than 150 percent of the poverty line; or

(iv)
(I)

during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, accumulated $10,000 or more in debt as a result of unreimbursed medical expenses incurred by the alien or an immediate family member of the alien; and

(II)

received total income, during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, that is less than 150 percent of the poverty line.

(6)

Submission of biometric and biographic data

The Secretary may not grant an alien permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this section unless the alien submits biometric and biographic data, in accordance with procedures established by the Secretary. The Secretary shall provide an alternative procedure for aliens who are unable to provide such biometric or biographic data because of a physical impairment.

(7)

Background checks

(A)

Requirement for background checks

The Secretary shall utilize biometric, biographic, and other data that the Secretary determines appropriate—

(i)

to conduct security and law enforcement background checks of an alien seeking permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this section; and

(ii)

to determine whether there is any criminal, national security, or other factor that would render the alien ineligible for such status.

(B)

Completion of background checks

The security and law enforcement background checks of an alien required under subparagraph (A) shall be completed, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, before the date on which the Secretary grants such alien permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this section.

(8)

Medical examination

(A)

Requirement

An alien applying for permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this section shall undergo a medical examination.

(B)

Policies and procedures

The Secretary, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall prescribe policies and procedures for the nature and timing of the examination required under subparagraph (A).

(9)

Military selective service

An alien applying for permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this section shall establish that the alien has registered under the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.), if the alien is subject to registration under such Act.

(c)

Determination of continuous presence

(1)

Termination of continuous period

Any period of continuous physical presence in the United States of an alien who applies for permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this section shall not terminate when the alien is served a notice to appear under section 239(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229(a)).

(2)

Treatment of certain breaks in presence

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), an alien shall be considered to have failed to maintain continuous physical presence in the United States under subsection (b)(1)(A) if the alien has departed from the United States for any period exceeding 90 days or for any periods, in the aggregate, exceeding 180 days.

(B)

Extensions for extenuating circumstances

The Secretary may extend the time periods described in subparagraph (A) for an alien who demonstrates that the failure to timely return to the United States was due to extenuating circumstances beyond the alien’s control, including the serious illness of the alien, or death or serious illness of a parent, grandparent, sibling, or child of the alien.

(C)

Travel authorized by the secretary

Any period of travel outside of the United States by an alien that was authorized by the Secretary may not be counted toward any period of departure from the United States under subparagraph (A).

(d)

Limitation on removal of certain aliens

(1)

In general

The Secretary or the Attorney General may not remove an alien who appears prima facie eligible for relief under this section.

(2)

Aliens subject to removal

The Secretary shall provide a reasonable opportunity to apply for relief under this section to any alien who requests such an opportunity or who appears prima facie eligible for relief under this section if the alien is in removal proceedings, is the subject of a final removal order, or is the subject of a voluntary departure order.

(3)

Certain aliens enrolled in elementary or secondary school

(A)

Stay of removal

The Attorney General shall stay the removal proceedings of an alien who—

(i)

meets all the requirements under subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of subsection (b)(1), subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of such subsection;

(ii)

is at least 5 years of age; and

(iii)

is enrolled in an elementary school, a secondary school, or an early childhood education program.

(B)

Commencement of removal proceedings

The Secretary may not commence removal proceedings for an alien described in subparagraph (A).

(C)

Employment

An alien whose removal is stayed pursuant to subparagraph (A) or who may not be placed in removal proceedings pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall, upon application to the Secretary, be granted an employment authorization document.

(D)

Lift of stay

The Secretary or Attorney General may not lift the stay granted to an alien under subparagraph (A) unless the alien ceases to meet the requirements under such subparagraph.

(e)

Exemption from numerical limitations

Nothing in this section or in any other law may be construed to apply a numerical limitation on the number of aliens who may be granted permanent resident status on a conditional basis under this Act.

4.

Terms of permanent resident status on a conditional basis

(a)

Period of status

Permanent resident status on a conditional basis is—

(1)

valid for a period of 8 years, unless such period is extended by the Secretary; and

(2)

subject to termination under subsection (c).

(b)

Notice of requirements

At the time an alien obtains permanent resident status on a conditional basis, the Secretary shall provide notice to the alien regarding the provisions of this Act and the requirements to have the conditional basis of such status removed.

(c)

Termination of status

The Secretary may terminate the permanent resident status on a conditional basis of an alien only if the Secretary—

(1)

determines that the alien ceases to meet the requirements under paragraph (1)(C) of section 3(b), subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of that section; and

(2)

prior to the termination, provides the alien—

(A)

notice of the proposed termination; and

(B)

the opportunity for a hearing to provide evidence that the alien meets such requirements or otherwise contest the termination.

(d)

Return to previous immigration status

(1)

In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), an alien whose permanent resident status on a conditional basis expires under subsection (a)(1) or is terminated under subsection (c) or whose application for such status is denied shall return to the immigration status that the alien had immediately before receiving permanent resident status on a conditional basis or applying for such status, as appropriate.

(2)

Special rule for temporary protected status

An alien whose permanent resident status on a conditional basis expires under subsection (a)(1) or is terminated under subsection (c) or whose application for such status is denied and who had temporary protected status under section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1254a) immediately before receiving or applying for such permanent resident status on a conditional basis, as appropriate, may not return to such temporary protected status if—

(A)

the relevant designation under section 244(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1254a(b)) has been terminated; or

(B)

the Secretary determines that the reason for terminating the permanent resident status on a conditional basis renders the alien ineligible for such temporary protected status.

5.

Removal of conditional basis of permanent resident status

(a)

Eligibility for removal of conditional basis

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall remove the conditional basis of an alien’s permanent resident status granted under this Act and grant the alien status as an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien—

(A)

is described in paragraph (1)(C) of section 3(b), subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of that section;

(B)

has not abandoned the alien’s residence in the United States; and

(C)
(i)

has acquired a degree from an institution of higher education or has completed at least 2 years, in good standing, in a program for a bachelor’s degree or higher degree in the United States;

(ii)

has served in the Uniformed Services for at least 2 years and, if discharged, received an honorable discharge; or

(iii)

has been employed for periods totaling at least 3 years and at least 75 percent of the time that the alien has had a valid employment authorization, except that any period during which the alien is not employed while having a valid employment authorization and is enrolled in an institution of higher education, a secondary school, or an education program described in section 3(b)(1)(D)(iii), shall not count toward the time requirements under this clause.

(2)

Hardship exception

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall remove the conditional basis of an alien’s permanent resident status and grant the alien status as an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien—

(i)

satisfies the requirements under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1);

(ii)

demonstrates compelling circumstances for the inability to satisfy the requirements under subparagraph (C) of such paragraph; and

(iii)

demonstrates that—

(I)

the alien has a disability;

(II)

the alien is a full-time caregiver of a minor child; or

(III)

the removal of the alien from the United States would result in extreme hardship to the alien or the alien’s spouse, parent, or child who is a national of the United States or is lawfully admitted for permanent residence.

(3)

Citizenship requirement

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the conditional basis of an alien’s permanent resident status granted under this Act may not be removed unless the alien demonstrates that the alien satisfies the requirements under section 312(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1423(a)).

(B)

Exception

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to an alien who is unable to meet the requirements under such section 312(a) due to disability.

(4)

Application fee

(A)

In general

The Secretary may require aliens applying for lawful permanent resident status under this section to pay a reasonable fee that is commensurate with the cost of processing the application.

(B)

Exemption

An applicant may be exempted from paying the fee required under subparagraph (A) if the alien—

(i)
(I)

is younger than 18 years of age;

(II)

received total income, during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, that is less than 150 percent of the poverty line; and

(III)

is in foster care or otherwise lacking any parental or other familial support;

(ii)

is younger than 18 years of age and is homeless;

(iii)
(I)

cannot care for himself or herself because of a serious, chronic disability; and

(II)

received total income, during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, that is less than 150 percent of the poverty line; or

(iv)
(I)

during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, the alien accumulated $10,000 or more in debt as a result of unreimbursed medical expenses incurred by the alien or an immediate family member of the alien; and

(II)

received total income, during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the alien files an application under this section, that is less than 150 percent of the poverty line.

(5)

Submission of biometric and biographic data

The Secretary may not remove the conditional basis of an alien’s permanent resident status unless the alien submits biometric and biographic data, in accordance with procedures established by the Secretary. The Secretary shall provide an alternative procedure for applicants who are unable to provide such biometric data because of a physical impairment.

(6)

Background checks

(A)

Requirement for background checks

The Secretary shall utilize biometric, biographic, and other data that the Secretary determines appropriate—

(i)

to conduct security and law enforcement background checks of an alien applying for removal of the conditional basis of the alien’s permanent resident status; and

(ii)

to determine whether there is any criminal, national security, or other factor that would render the alien ineligible for removal of such conditional basis.

(B)

Completion of background checks

The security and law enforcement background checks of an alien required under subparagraph (A) shall be completed, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, before the date on which the Secretary removes the conditional basis of the alien’s permanent resident status.

(b)

Treatment for purposes of naturalization

(1)

In general

For purposes of title III of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.), an alien granted permanent resident status on a conditional basis shall be considered to have been admitted to the United States, and be present in the United States, as an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence.

(2)

Limitation on application for naturalization

An alien may not apply for naturalization while the alien is in permanent resident status on a conditional basis.

6.

Documentation requirements

(a)

Documents establishing identity

An alien’s application for permanent resident status on a conditional basis may include, as proof of identity—

(1)

a passport or national identity document from the alien’s country of origin that includes the alien’s name and the alien’s photograph or fingerprint;

(2)

the alien’s birth certificate and an identity card that includes the alien’s name and photograph;

(3)

a school identification card that includes the alien’s name and photograph, and school records showing the alien’s name and that the alien is or was enrolled at the school;

(4)

a Uniformed Services identification card issued by the Department of Defense;

(5)

any immigration or other document issued by the United States Government bearing the alien’s name and photograph; or

(6)

a State-issued identification card bearing the alien's name and photograph.

(b)

Documents establishing continuous physical presence in the United States

To establish that an alien has been continuously physically present in the United States, as required under section 3(b)(1)(A), or to establish that an alien has not abandoned residence in the United States, as required under section 5(a)(1)(B), the alien may submit documents to the Secretary, including—

(1)

employment records that include the employer’s name and contact information;

(2)

records from any educational institution the alien has attended in the United States;

(3)

records of service from the Uniformed Services;

(4)

official records from a religious entity confirming the alien’s participation in a religious ceremony;

(5)

passport entries;

(6)

a birth certificate for a child who was born in the United States;

(7)

automobile license receipts or registration;

(8)

deeds, mortgages, or rental agreement contracts;

(9)

tax receipts;

(10)

insurance policies;

(11)

remittance records;

(12)

rent receipts or utility bills bearing the alien’s name or the name of an immediate family member of the alien, and the alien’s address;

(13)

copies of money order receipts for money sent in or out of the United States;

(14)

dated bank transactions; or

(15)

2 or more sworn affidavits from individuals who are not related to the alien who have direct knowledge of the alien’s continuous physical presence in the United States, that contain—

(A)

the name, address, and telephone number of the affiant; and

(B)

the nature and duration of the relationship between the affiant and the alien.

(c)

Documents establishing initial entry into the United States

To establish under section 3(b)(1)(B) that an alien was younger than 18 years of age on the date on which the alien initially entered the United States, an alien may submit documents to the Secretary, including—

(1)

an admission stamp on the alien’s passport;

(2)

records from any educational institution the alien has attended in the United States;

(3)

any document from the Department of Justice or the Department of Homeland Security stating the alien’s date of entry into the United States;

(4)

hospital or medical records showing medical treatment or hospitalization, the name of the medical facility or physician, and the date of the treatment or hospitalization;

(5)

rent receipts or utility bills bearing the alien’s name or the name of an immediate family member of the alien, and the alien’s address;

(6)

employment records that include the employer’s name and contact information;

(7)

official records from a religious entity confirming the alien’s participation in a religious ceremony;

(8)

a birth certificate for a child who was born in the United States;

(9)

automobile license receipts or registration;

(10)

deeds, mortgages, or rental agreement contracts;

(11)

tax receipts;

(12)

travel records;

(13)

copies of money order receipts sent in or out of the country;

(14)

dated bank transactions;

(15)

remittance records; or

(16)

insurance policies.

(d)

Documents establishing admission to an institution of higher education

To establish that an alien has been admitted to an institution of higher education, the alien shall submit to the Secretary a document from the institution of higher education certifying that the alien—

(1)

has been admitted to the institution; or

(2)

is currently enrolled in the institution as a student.

(e)

Documents establishing receipt of a degree from an institution of higher education

To establish that an alien has acquired a degree from an institution of higher education in the United States, the alien shall submit to the Secretary a diploma or other document from the institution stating that the alien has received such a degree.

(f)

Documents establishing receipt of high school diploma, general educational development certificate, or a recognized equivalent

To establish that an alien has earned a high school diploma or a commensurate alternative award from a public or private high school, or has obtained a general educational development certificate recognized under State law or a high school equivalency diploma in the United States, the alien shall submit to the Secretary—

(1)

a high school diploma, certificate of completion, or other alternate award;

(2)

a high school equivalency diploma or certificate recognized under State law; or

(3)

evidence that the alien passed a State-authorized exam, including the general educational development exam, in the United States.

(g)

Documents establishing enrollment in an educational program

To establish that an alien is enrolled in any school or education program described in section 3(b)(1)(D)(iii), 3(d)(3)(A)(iii), or 5(a)(1)(C), the alien shall submit school records from the United States school that the alien is currently attending that include—

(1)

the name of the school; and

(2)

the alien’s name, periods of attendance, and current grade or educational level.

(h)

Documents establishing exemption from application fees

To establish that an alien is exempt from an application fee under section 3(b)(5)(B) or 5(a)(4)(B), the alien shall submit to the Secretary the following relevant documents:

(1)

Documents to establish age

To establish that an alien meets an age requirement, the alien shall provide proof of identity, as described in subsection (a), that establishes that the alien is younger than 18 years of age.

(2)

Documents to establish income

To establish the alien’s income, the alien shall provide—

(A)

employment records that have been maintained by the Social Security Administration, the Internal Revenue Service, or any other Federal, State, or local government agency;

(B)

bank records; or

(C)

at least 2 sworn affidavits from individuals who are not related to the alien and who have direct knowledge of the alien’s work and income that contain—

(i)

the name, address, and telephone number of the affiant; and

(ii)

the nature and duration of the relationship between the affiant and the alien.

(3)

Documents to establish foster care, lack of familial support, homelessness, or serious, chronic disability

To establish that the alien was in foster care, lacks parental or familial support, is homeless, or has a serious, chronic disability, the alien shall provide at least 2 sworn affidavits from individuals who are not related to the alien and who have direct knowledge of the circumstances that contain—

(A)

a statement that the alien is in foster care, otherwise lacks any parental or other familiar support, is homeless, or has a serious, chronic disability, as appropriate;

(B)

the name, address, and telephone number of the affiant; and

(C)

the nature and duration of the relationship between the affiant and the alien.

(4)

Documents to establish unpaid medical expense

To establish that the alien has debt as a result of unreimbursed medical expenses, the alien shall provide receipts or other documentation from a medical provider that—

(A)

bear the provider’s name and address;

(B)

bear the name of the individual receiving treatment; and

(C)

document that the alien has accumulated $10,000 or more in debt in the past 12 months as a result of unreimbursed medical expenses incurred by the alien or an immediate family member of the alien.

(i)

Documents establishing qualification for hardship exemption

To establish that an alien satisfies one of the criteria for the hardship exemption set forth in section 5(a)(2)(A)(iii), the alien shall submit to the Secretary at least 2 sworn affidavits from individuals who are not related to the alien and who have direct knowledge of the circumstances that warrant the exemption, that contain—

(1)

the name, address, and telephone number of the affiant; and

(2)

the nature and duration of the relationship between the affiant and the alien.

(j)

Documents establishing service in the Uniformed Services

To establish that an alien has served in the Uniformed Services for at least 2 years and, if discharged, received an honorable discharge, the alien shall submit to the Secretary—

(1)

a Department of Defense form DD–214;

(2)

a National Guard Report of Separation and Record of Service form 22;

(3)

personnel records for such service from the appropriate Uniformed Service; or

(4)

health records from the appropriate Uniformed Service.

(k)

Documents establishing employment

(1)

In general

An alien may satisfy the employment requirement under section 5(a)(1)(C)(iii) by submitting records that—

(A)

establish compliance with such employment requirement; and

(B)

have been maintained by the Social Security Administration, the Internal Revenue Service, or any other Federal, State, or local government agency.

(2)

Other documents

An alien who is unable to submit the records described in paragraph (1) may satisfy the employment requirement by submitting at least 2 types of reliable documents that provide evidence of employment, including—

(A)

bank records;

(B)

business records;

(C)

employer records;

(D)

records of a labor union, day labor center, or organization that assists workers in employment;

(E)

sworn affidavits from individuals who are not related to the alien and who have direct knowledge of the alien’s work, that contain—

(i)

the name, address, and telephone number of the affiant; and

(ii)

the nature and duration of the relationship between the affiant and the alien; and

(F)

remittance records.

(l)

Authority To prohibit use of certain documents

If the Secretary determines, after publication in the Federal Register and an opportunity for public comment, that any document or class of documents does not reliably establish identity or that permanent resident status on a conditional basis is being obtained fraudulently to an unacceptable degree, the Secretary may prohibit or restrict the use of such document or class of documents.

7.

Rulemaking

(a)

Initial publication

Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish regulations implementing this Act in the Federal Register. Such regulations shall allow eligible individuals to immediately apply affirmatively for the relief available under section 3 without being placed in removal proceedings.

(b)

Interim regulations

Notwithstanding section 553 of title 5, United States Code, the regulations published pursuant to subsection (a) shall be effective, on an interim basis, immediately upon publication in the Federal Register, but may be subject to change and revision after public notice and opportunity for a period of public comment.

(c)

Final regulations

Not later than 180 days after the date on which interim regulations are published under this section, the Secretary shall publish final regulations implementing this Act.

(d)

Paperwork Reduction Act

The requirements under chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly known as the Paperwork Reduction Act), shall not apply to any action to implement this Act.

8.

Confidentiality of information

(a)

In general

The Secretary may not disclose or use information provided in applications filed under this Act or in requests for DACA for the purpose of immigration enforcement.

(b)

Referrals prohibited

The Secretary may not refer any individual who has been granted permanent resident status on a conditional basis or who was granted DACA to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, or any designee of either such entity.

(c)

Limited exception

Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), information provided in an application for permanent resident status on a conditional basis or a request for DACA may be shared with Federal security and law enforcement agencies—

(1)

for assistance in the consideration of an application for permanent resident status on a conditional basis;

(2)

to identify or prevent fraudulent claims;

(3)

for national security purposes; or

(4)

for the investigation or prosecution of any felony not related to immigration status.

(d)

Penalty

Any person who knowingly uses, publishes, or permits information to be examined in violation of this section shall be fined not more than $10,000.

9.

Restoration of State option to determine residency for purposes of higher education benefits

(a)

In general

Section 505 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1623) is repealed.

(b)

Effective date

The repeal under subsection (a) shall take effect as if included in the original enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104–208; 110 Stat. 3009–546).