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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Oct 4, 2017.
Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act of 2017
This bill amends various provisions of law and sets forth new provisions:
to reduce mandatory minimum prison terms for certain nonviolent repeat drug offenses; to establish a mandatory sentencing enhancement for a drug offense involving heroin or fentanyl; to broaden the existing safety valve to permit a sentence below the mandatory minimum for certain nonviolent, cooperative drug offenders with a limited criminal history; to create a new safety valve for certain nonviolent, cooperative defendants convicted of a high-level first-time or low-level repeat drug offense; to create new mandatory minimum prison terms, including for interstate domestic violence that results in a victim's death and for providing goods or services to terrorists; to make the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 retroactive to permit resentencing of a convicted crack cocaine offender sentenced before August 3, 2010; to require the Bureau of Prisons to expand recidivism reduction programs and productive activities to all eligible prisoners; to lengthen prerelease custody for prisoners who successfully complete such programs; to develop the Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment System; to create reentry demonstration projects in judicial districts; to require presentence investigation reports to include certain information such as substance abuse history, military service, and veteran status; to permit a court to reduce a life prison term imposed on a defendant convicted as an adult for an offense committed as a juvenile; to establish a process to seal and expunge certain records of juvenile nonviolent offenses; to prohibit juvenile solitary confinement, except in limited circumstances; to make permanent and modify eligibility for an elderly offender early release pilot program; and to establish the National Criminal Justice Commission.