skip to main content

S. 1998 (115th): ARC-CO Improvement Act

The text of the bill below is as of Oct 24, 2017 (Introduced).


II

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1998

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

October 24, 2017

(for herself and Mrs. Ernst) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

A BILL

To amend the Agricultural Act of 2014 to reduce county yield disparities for agriculture risk coverage.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the ARC-CO Improvement Act.

2.

County yield disparities

(a)

Actual crop revenues

Section 1117(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9017(b)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting (including any adjustments under paragraph (3)) after Secretary; and

(2)

by adding at the end the following:

(3)

County yield disparities

(A)

In general

In the case of county coverage, the Secretary may adjust county yields under paragraph (1)(A) to reduce disparities between neighboring and nearby counties with similar soils and climate that cannot be explained by a localized weather event.

(B)

Aggregate estimated payment

The Secretary shall ensure that all adjustments made under this paragraph are balanced so the aggregate amount of payments made under this section as a result of the adjustments for a crop year do not increase.

(C)

Options

(i)

In general

If the Secretary makes adjustments under this paragraph, the Secretary shall make the adjustments in accordance with clause (ii) or (iii).

(ii)

Variations within a State

(I)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall allow State committees of the Farm Service Agency to review and recommend adjustments to the initial yield estimates before the adjustments become final to reduce unexplained variation between neighboring or nearby counties with similar soils and climate.

(II)

Review and approval

The Secretary shall review and approve or reject adjustments recommended under subclause (I) before the adjustments become final.

(iii)

Variations along State boundaries

(I)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall allow State committees of the Farm Service Agency or the national office of the Farm Service Agency, in consultation with affected State committees, to review and recommend adjustments to the initial yield estimates before the adjustments become final to reduce unexplained variation between counties in neighboring States.

(II)

Review and approval

The Secretary shall review and approve or reject adjustments recommended under subclause (I) before the adjustments become final.

.

(b)

Additional duties of the Secretary

Section 1117(g) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9017(g)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (3), by striking and after the semicolon at the end;

(2)

in paragraph (4)(B), by striking the period at the end and insert a semicolon; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(5)

in the case of county coverage, prioritize the use of yields from sources that provide the greatest geographic coverage of county-level data from the same source; and

(6)

in the case of county coverage—

(A)

use the yield, benchmark revenue and payment rate based on the county of the physical location of the farm; and

(B)

in the case of a farm that crosses county boundaries—

(i)

split the base acres on a pro rata basis based on the relative quantity of cropland in each county; and

(ii)

calculate any payments on that same pro rata basis.

.