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S. 2009 (115th): Background Check Expansion Act

The text of the bill below is as of Oct 25, 2017 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.



1st Session

S. 2009


October 25, 2017

(for himself, Mr. Blumenthal, Mr. Markey, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Heinrich, Mr. Van Hollen, Ms. Warren, Mr. Booker, Mr. Carper, Mrs. Murray, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Casey, Mr. Schumer, Ms. Hassan, Ms. Hirono, Ms. Harris, Mr. Whitehouse, Ms. Duckworth, Ms. Cortez Masto, Mr. Sanders, Mr. Bennet, Mr. Cardin, Mr. Reed, Mr. Udall, Mr. Leahy, Mr. Wyden, Mr. Kaine, Ms. Baldwin, Mr. Menendez, and Mr. Nelson) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


To require a background check for every firearm sale.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Background Check Expansion Act.


Firearms transfers


In general

Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:


It shall be unlawful for any person who is not a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer to transfer a firearm to any other person who is not so licensed, unless a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer has first taken possession of the firearm for the purpose of complying with subsection (t).


Upon taking possession of a firearm under subparagraph (A), a licensee shall comply with all requirements of this chapter as if the licensee were transferring the firearm from the inventory of the licensee to the unlicensed transferee.


If a transfer of a firearm described in subparagraph (A) will not be completed for any reason after a licensee takes possession of the firearm (including because the transfer of the firearm to, or receipt of the firearm by, the transferee would violate this chapter), the return of the firearm to the transferor by the licensee shall not constitute the transfer of a firearm for purposes of this chapter.


Paragraph (1) shall not apply to—


a law enforcement agency or any law enforcement officer, armed private security professional, or member of the armed forces, to the extent the officer, professional, or member is acting within the course and scope of employment and official duties;


a transfer that is a loan or bona fide gift between spouses, between domestic partners, between parents and their children, between siblings, between aunts or uncles and their nieces or nephews, or between grandparents and their grandchildren;


a transfer to an executor, administrator, trustee, or personal representative of an estate or a trust that occurs by operation of law upon the death of another person;


a temporary transfer that is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm, if the possession by the transferee lasts only as long as immediately necessary to prevent the imminent death or great bodily harm;


a transfer that is approved by the Attorney General under section 5812 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or


a temporary transfer if the transferor has no reason to believe that the transferee will use or intends to use the firearm in a crime or is prohibited from possessing firearms under State or Federal law, and the transfer takes place and the transferee's possession of the firearm is exclusively—


at a shooting range or in a shooting gallery or other area designated for the purpose of target shooting;


while reasonably necessary for the purposes of hunting, trapping, or fishing, if the transferor—


has no reason to believe that the transferee intends to use the firearm in a place where it is illegal; and


has reason to believe that the transferee will comply with all licensing and permit requirements for such hunting, trapping, or fishing; or


while in the presence of the transferor.



Effective date

The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.