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S. 2313 (115th): Defending Elections from Threats by Establishing Redlines Act of 2018

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About the bill

Should Russia be sanctioned and punished further if they attempt to interfere in U.S. elections?


Russia will likely attempt to interfere with November’s midterm elections, Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo both warn.

Despite President Trump’s wavering and incoherence, the CIA, FBI, and NSA all agree that Russia attempted to interfere in the 2016 presidential election.

Yet in a July press conference, Trump appeared to accept Vladimir Putin’s denials of election interference, over the unanimous findings of interference by U.S. intelligence agencies.

What the bill does

The Defending Elections from Threats by Establishing Redlines (DETER) Act would establish new sanctions on Russia if they interfere in the midterm election. [S. 2313 + H.R. 4884]

It would require the director of …

Sponsor and status

Chris Van Hollen

Sponsor. Senator for Maryland. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 16, 2018
Length: 20 pages
Jan 16, 2018
115th Congress (2017–2019)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 16, 2018, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


17 Cosponsors (9 Democrats, 8 Republicans)



Jan 16, 2018

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 2313 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 2313. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“S. 2313 — 115th Congress: Defending Elections from Threats by Establishing Redlines Act of 2018.” 2018. March 31, 2023 <>

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