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S. 2555: Dairy Farm Sustainability Act of 2018

The text of the bill below is as of Mar 14, 2018 (Introduced).


II

115th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 2555

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 14, 2018

introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

A BILL

To amend the Agricultural Act of 2014 to establish the Dairy Farm Sustainability Price Loss Coverage Program, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Dairy Farm Sustainability Act of 2018.

2.

Dairy Farm Sustainability Price Loss Coverage Program

Part I of subtitle D of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 is amended by inserting after section 1408 (7 U.S.C. 9058) the following:

1408A.

Dairy Farm Sustainability Price Loss Coverage Program

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Contracting dairy operation

The term contracting dairy operation means a participating dairy operation that enters into a contract under subsection (b)(1).

(2)

Minimum milk price

The term minimum milk price means $23.34 per hundredweight of milk, as adjusted by the Secretary for each half of each calendar year to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor.

(3)

Payment quantity

The term payment quantity means the payment quantity established for a contracting dairy operation under subsection (c)(3).

(b)

Contracts

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall offer to enter into a contract with a participating dairy operation under which the participating dairy operation may receive payments under subsection (c).

(2)

Signup

The Secretary shall offer to enter into contracts under paragraph (1) during the period that a dairy operation may register to participate in the margin protection program established under section 1404(b).

(3)

Duration of contracts

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall cover milk marketed by the contracting dairy operation during the period beginning on the first day of the month during which the contract is entered into and ending on December 31, 2023.

(B)

Violations

If a contracting dairy operation violates a contract entered into under paragraph (1), the Secretary may—

(i)

terminate the contract and allow the contracting dairy operation to retain any payments received under the contract; or

(ii)

allow the contract to remain in effect and require the contracting dairy operation to repay a portion of the payments received under the contract, based on the severity of the violation.

(c)

Payments

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall provide to a contracting dairy operation a payment for a month under this subsection and not under the margin protection program if the amount of the payment to the contracting dairy operation for that month under this section is greater than the amount that the contracting dairy operation would receive under the margin protection program.

(2)

Amount

The amount of a payment to a contracting dairy operation under this subsection shall be equal to the product obtained by multiplying, as determined by the Secretary—

(A)

the payment quantity during the applicable month;

(B)

the difference obtained by subtracting—

(i)

the minimum milk price; and

(ii)

the All Milk price per hundredweight under the applicable Federal milk marketing order; and

(C)

45 percent.

(3)

Payment quantity

(A)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), the payment quantity for a contracting dairy operation for a month shall be equal to the hundredweight of milk marketed by the contracting dairy operation during the month.

(B)

Limitation

The payment quantity described in subparagraph (A) for any month for a contracting dairy operation shall not exceed 4,166 hundredweight of milk.

(4)

Timing of payments

The Secretary shall make a payment to a contracting dairy operation under this subsection not later than 60 days after the last day of the month for which the payment is made.

.

3.

Extension of margin protection program for dairy producers

Section 1409 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9059) is amended by striking 2018 and inserting 2023.