IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
May 7, 2018
Mr. Hatch (for himself and Ms. Heitkamp) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To make a deliberate, targeted attack on a law enforcement officer a crime, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Protect and Serve Act of 2018.
Crimes targeting law enforcement officers
Chapter 7 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
Crimes targeting law enforcement officers
Whoever, in any circumstance described in subsection (b), knowingly causes bodily injury to any person, or attempts to do so, because of the actual or perceived status of the person as a law enforcement officer—
shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, fined in accordance with this title, or both; and
shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life, fined in accordance with this title, or both, if—
death results from the offense; or
the offense includes kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, or an attempt to kill.
For purposes of subsection (a), the circumstances described in this subparagraph are that—
the conduct described in subsection (a) occurs during the course of, or as the result of, the travel of the defendant or the victim—
across a State line or national border; or
using a channel, facility, or instrumentality of interstate or foreign commerce;
the defendant uses a channel, facility, or instrumentality of interstate or foreign commerce in connection with the conduct described in subsection (a);
in connection with the conduct described in subsection (a), the defendant employs a firearm, dangerous weapon, explosive or incendiary device, or other weapon that has traveled in interstate or foreign commerce; or
the conduct described in subsection (a)—
interferes with commercial or other economic activity in which the victim is engaged at the time of the conduct; or
otherwise affects interstate or foreign commerce.
No prosecution of any offense described in this section may be undertaken by the United States, except under the certification in writing of the Attorney General, or a designee, that—
the State does not have jurisdiction;
the State has requested that the Federal Government assume jurisdiction;
the verdict or sentence obtained pursuant to State charges left demonstratively unvindicated the Federal interest in protecting the public safety; or
a prosecution by the United States is in the public interest and necessary to secure substantial justice.
Rule of construction
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit the authority of Federal officers, or a Federal grand jury, to investigate possible violations of this section.
All prosecutions conducted by the United States under this section shall be undertaken pursuant to guidelines issued by the Attorney General, or the designee of the Attorney General, to be included in the United States Attorneys’ Manual that shall establish neutral and objective criteria for determining whether a crime was committed because of the actual or perceived status of any person.
Statute of limitations
Offenses not resulting in death
Except as provided in paragraph (2), no person shall be prosecuted, tried, or punished for any offense under this section unless the indictment for such offense is found, or the information for such offense is instituted, not later than 7 years after the date on which the offense was committed.
Offenses resulting in death
An indictment or information alleging that an offense under this section resulted in death may be found or instituted at any time without limitation.
In this section:
Law enforcement officer
The term law enforcement officer means an employee of a governmental or public agency who is authorized by law—
to engage in or supervise the prevention, detention, investigation, or the incarceration of any person for any criminal violation of law; and
to apprehend or arrest a person for any criminal violation of law.
The term State includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
120. Crimes targeting law enforcement officers.