skip to main content

S. 2822: Farmer Veteran Opportunity Act of 2018

The text of the bill below is as of May 10, 2018 (Introduced).


II

115th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 2822

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 10, 2018

(for herself and Mr. Roberts) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

A BILL

To amend the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 to expand the availability of programs of the Department of Agriculture to veteran farmers and ranchers, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Farmer Veteran Opportunity Act of 2018.

2.

Availability of Department of Agriculture programs for veteran farmers and ranchers

(a)

Definition of veteran farmer or rancher

Section 2501(e)(7) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)(7)) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A), by striking or at the end;

(2)

in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; or; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(C)

is a veteran (as defined in section 101 of that title) who has first obtained status as a veteran (as so defined) during the most recent 10-year period.

.

(b)

Federal crop insurance

(1)

Definition of veteran farmer or rancher

Section 502(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1502(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(12)

Veteran farmer or rancher

The term veteran farmer or rancher means a farmer or rancher who—

(A)

has served in the Armed Forces (as defined in section 101 of title 38, United States Code); and

(B)
(i)

has not operated a farm or ranch;

(ii)

has operated a farm or ranch for not more than 5 years; or

(iii)

is a veteran (as defined in section 101 of that title) who has first obtained status as a veteran (as so defined) during the most recent 5-year period.

.

(2)

Crop insurance

Section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) is amended—

(A)

in subsection (b)(5)(E), by inserting , and veteran farmers or ranchers before the period at the end;

(B)

in subsection (e)(8)—

(i)

in the paragraph heading, by inserting and veteran after beginning; and

(ii)

by inserting or veteran farmer or rancher after beginning farmer or rancher each place it appears; and

(C)

in subsection (g)—

(i)

in paragraph (2)(B)(iii), in the matter preceding subclause (I), by inserting or veteran farmer or rancher after beginning farmer or rancher each place it appears; and

(ii)

in paragraph (4)(B)(ii)(II), by inserting and veteran farmers or ranchers after beginning farmers or ranchers.

(3)

Education and risk management assistance

Section 524(a)(4) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524(a)(4)) is amended—

(A)

in subparagraph (D)(ii), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(F)

veteran farmers or ranchers.

.

(c)

Down payment loan program

Section 310E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)(1), by striking qualified beginning farmers or ranchers and socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers and inserting eligible farmers or ranchers;

(2)

in subsection (d)—

(A)

in paragraph (2)(A), by striking recipients of the loans and inserting farmers or ranchers;

(B)

by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:

(3)

encourage retiring farmers and ranchers to assist in the sale of their farms and ranches to eligible farmers or ranchers by providing seller financing;

;

(C)

in paragraph (4), by striking for beginning farmers or ranchers or socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers and inserting the following: “for—

(A)

beginning farmers or ranchers;

(B)

socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers, as defined in section 355(e); or

(C)

veteran farmers or ranchers, as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))

; and

(D)

in paragraph (5), by striking a qualified beginning farmer or rancher or socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher and inserting an eligible farmer or rancher; and

(3)

by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:

(e)

Definition of eligible farmer or rancher

In this section, the term eligible farmer or rancher means—

(1)

a qualified beginning farmer or rancher;

(2)

a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher, as defined in section 355(e); and

(3)

a veteran farmer or rancher, as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)).

.

(d)

Interest rate reduction program

Section 351(e)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1999(e)(2)(B)) is amended—

(1)

in the subparagraph heading, by inserting and veteran after Beginning;

(2)

in clause (i), by inserting or veteran farmers and ranchers (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))) before the period at the end; and

(3)

in clause (ii), by striking beginning.

(e)

National food safety training, education, extension, outreach, and technical assistance program

Section 405(c) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7625(c)) is amended by inserting veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))), after socially disadvantaged farmers,.

(f)

Administration and operation of noninsured crop assistance program

Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (k)(2), by inserting , or a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))) before the period at the end; and

(2)

in subsection (l)(4)—

(A)

in the paragraph heading, by inserting veteran, before and socially; and

(B)

by inserting and veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))) before in exchange.

(g)

Funding for transition option for certain farmers or ranchers

Section 1241(a)(1)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)(1)(B)) is amended by striking beginning farmers or ranchers and socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers and inserting covered farmers or ranchers, as defined in section 1235(f)(1).

(h)

Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance

(1)

Definition of covered producer

Section 1501(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(a)) is amended—

(A)

by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively; and

(B)

by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) the following:

(1)

Covered producer

The term covered producer means an eligible producer on a farm that is—

(A)

as determined by the Secretary—

(i)

a beginning farmer or rancher;

(ii)

a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher; or

(iii)

a limited resource farmer or rancher; or

(B)

a veteran farmer or rancher, as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)).

.

(2)

Emergency assistance for livestock, honey bees, and farm-raised fish

Section 1501(d) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(4)

Payment rate for covered producers

In the case of a covered producer that is eligible to receive assistance under this subsection, the Secretary shall provide reimbursement of 90 percent of the cost of losses described in paragraph (1) or (2).

.