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S. 2941 (115th): Strengthening the Cooperative Observer Program Act of 2018


The text of the bill below is as of Nov 14, 2018 (Reported by Senate Committee). The bill was not enacted into law.


II

Calendar No. 644

115th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 2941

[Report No. 115–357]

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 23, 2018

(for himself and Mr. Gardner) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

November 14, 2018

Reported by , with an amendment

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

A BILL

To improve the Cooperative Observer Program of the National Weather Service, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Strengthening the Cooperative Observer Program Act of 2018.

2.

Improvements to Cooperative Observer Program of National Weather Service

(a)

In general

The Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, acting through the National Weather Service, shall improve the Cooperative Observer Program by—

(1)

providing support to—

(A)

State-coordinated programs relating to the Program; and

(B)

States and regions where observations provided through the Program are scarce;

(2)

working with State weather service headquarters to increase participation in the Program and to add stations in States and regions described in paragraph (1)(B);

(3)

where feasible, ensuring that data streams from stations that have been contributing data to the Program for more than 50 years are maintained and continually staffed by volunteers;

(4)

prioritizing the recruitment of new volunteers for the Program;

(5)

ensuring that opportunities exist for automated reporting to lessen the burden on volunteers to collect and report data by hand; and

(6)

ensuring that integrated reporting is available for qualitative observations that cannot be automated, such as snow observations and hazardous weather events, to ensure that volunteers in the Program can report and upload observations quickly and easily.

(b)

Coordination with States and regions

Not less frequently than every 180 days, the National Weather Service shall coordinate with State and regional offices with respect to the status of Cooperative Observer Program stations.

(c)

Coordination with Federal agencies

The National Weather Service shall coordinate with other Federal agencies, including the Forest Service, the Department of Agriculture, and the United States Geological Survey, to leverage opportunities to grow the Cooperative Observer Program network and to more effectively use existing infrastructure, weather stations, and staff of the Program.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Strengthening the Cooperative Observer Program Act of 2018.

2.

Improvements to Cooperative Observer Program of National Weather Service

(a)

In general

The Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, acting through the National Weather Service, shall improve the Cooperative Observer Program by—

(1)

providing support to—

(A)

State-coordinated programs relating to the Program; and

(B)

States and regions where observations provided through the Program are scarce;

(2)

working with State weather service headquarters to increase participation in the Program and to add stations in States and regions described in paragraph (1)(B);

(3)

where feasible, ensuring that data streams from stations that have been contributing data to the Program for more than 50 years are maintained and continually staffed by volunteers;

(4)

prioritizing the recruitment of new volunteers for the Program;

(5)

ensuring that opportunities exist for automated reporting to lessen the burden on volunteers to collect and report data by hand; and

(6)

ensuring that integrated reporting is available for qualitative observations that cannot be automated, such as drought conditions, snow observations, and hazardous weather events, to ensure that volunteers in the Program can report and upload observations quickly and easily.

(b)

Coordination with States and regions

Not less frequently than every 180 days, the National Weather Service shall coordinate with State and regional offices with respect to the status of Cooperative Observer Program stations.

(c)

Coordination with Federal agencies

The National Weather Service shall coordinate with other Federal agencies, including the Forest Service, the Department of Agriculture, and the United States Geological Survey, to leverage opportunities to grow the Cooperative Observer Program network and to more effectively use existing infrastructure, weather stations, and staff of the Program.

November 14, 2018

Reported with an amendment