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S. 3106: Higher Education Mental Health Act of 2018

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 21, 2018 (Introduced).


II

115th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 3106

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 21, 2018

(for himself, Mr. Kaine, Mr. Nelson, Ms. Hassan, Ms. Smith, Mr. Blumenthal, and Ms. Klobuchar) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

A BILL

To authorize the Secretary of Education to establish an Advisory Commission on Serving and Supporting Students with Mental Health Disabilities in Institutions of Higher Education, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Higher Education Mental Health Act of 2018.

2.

Findings and Purposes

(a)

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

More than 75 percent of mental health conditions begin before the age of 24.

(2)

More than 25 percent of students between the ages of 18 and 24 reported a mental health concern.

(3)

More than 50 percent of students between the ages of 18 and 24 reported having a severe psychological problem.

(4)

More than 50 percent of students between the ages of 18 and 24 reported feelings of hopelessness.

(5)

Higher education counseling centers are devoting more time to rapid-response treatment with more than 25 percent of students who sought help reporting they had intentionally hurt themselves.

(6)

Over a 5-year period, counseling center utilization increased by an average of 30 to 40 percent, while enrollment increased by only 5 percent, forcing institutions to stretch mental health services to more students without increasing resources.

(b)

Purposes

The purposes of this Act are the following:

(1)

To ensure States and institutions of higher education are provided with accurate information on the mental health concerns facing students.

(2)

To provide detailed recommendations that institutions of higher education, States, and the Federal Government can take to improve the mental health services available to students and properly treat the rising number of students with mental health issues.

3.

Advisory Commission on Serving and Supporting Students with Mental Health Disabilities in Institutions of Higher Education

(a)

In general

The Secretary of Education shall establish a commission to be known as the Advisory Commission on Serving and Supporting Students with Mental Health Disabilities in Institutions of Higher Education (referred to in this section as the Commission).

(b)

Membership

(1)

Total number of members

The Commission shall include not more than 19 members, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Education in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3).

(2)

Members of the commission

The Commission shall include 1 representative from each of the following:

(A)

The Office of Postsecondary Education of the Department of Education.

(B)

The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services of the Department of Education.

(C)

The Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Education.

(D)

The Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Justice.

(E)

The National Council on Disability.

(F)

A membership association for administrative and personnel professionals focused on creating an inclusive higher education environment for individuals with disabilities, as determined by the Secretary.

(G)

An organization that represents the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness program, as determined by the Secretary.

(H)

An organization operated by and representing secondary and postsecondary education students with mental health disabilities advocating for mental health services and suicide prevention, as determined by the Secretary.

(3)

Additional members of the commission

In addition to the members included under paragraph (2), the Commission shall include the following:

(A)

Four members from leadership of institutions of higher education who have demonstrated experience in successfully supporting the retention and graduation of students with mental health disabilities. With respect to such 4 members, 1 member shall be a staff member of a 2-year degree-granting institution of higher education, 1 member shall be a staff member from a 4-year degree granting institution of higher education, 1 member shall be a member of campus law enforcement, and 1 member shall serve as a general counsel. Such 4 members shall represent institutions of differing sizes.

(B)

Three members from family members of individuals who are—

(i)

enrolled in an institution of higher education on the date such family member is appointed to the Commission; or

(ii)

former students with a mental health disability.

(C)

Four members from individuals with mental health disabilities, including not less than 2 individuals enrolled in an institution of higher education on the date of appointment to the Commission. Any remaining member shall be an individual with a mental health disability who has attended an institution of higher education.

(4)

Timing

The Secretary of Education shall establish the Commission and appoint the members of the Commission not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

(c)

Chairperson and vice chairperson

The Commission shall select a chairperson and vice chairperson from among the members of the Commission. Either the chairperson or the vice chairperson shall be a student or former student with a mental health disability.

(d)

Meetings

(1)

In general

The Commission shall meet at the call of the chairperson, but not more often than 8 times.

(2)

First meeting

Not later than 60 days after the appointment of the members of the Commission under subsection (b), the Commission shall hold the Commission’s first meeting.

(e)

Duties

The Commission shall conduct a study and prepare a report for the Secretary of Education that includes the following:

(1)

Findings from stakeholders, including through solicitation of public testimony, related to the challenges faced by students with mental health disabilities in institutions of higher education, including—

(A)

the services available to students with mental health disabilities in institutions of higher education and their effectiveness in supporting these students;

(B)

the impact of policies and procedures that help or hinder the goal of providing equal opportunity for students with mental health disabilities, such as reasonable accommodation policies, mandatory and voluntary leave policies, and disciplinary policies;

(C)

the use of protected health information of students with mental health disabilities by institutions of higher education, including the extent to which campus-based mental health providers share this information with college or university officials without student consent; and

(D)

the impact of providing mental health services on a student’s academic performance, well-being, and ability to complete college.

(2)

Conclusions on the major challenges facing students with mental health disabilities in institutions of higher education.

(3)

Recommendations to improve the overall education, and retention and graduation, of students with mental health disabilities in institutions of higher education, with the goal of helping these students access educational opportunities equal to those of their non-disabled peers.

(f)

Commission personnel matters

(1)

Travel expenses

The members of the Commission shall not receive compensation for the performance of services for the Commission, but shall be allowed reasonable travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services for the Commission. Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Education may accept the voluntary and uncompensated services of members of the Commission.

(2)

Staff

The Secretary of Education may designate such personnel as may be necessary to enable the Commission to perform its duties.

(3)

Detail of Government employees

Any Federal Government employee, with the approval of the head of the appropriate Federal agency, may be detailed to the Commission without reimbursement, and such detail shall be without interruption of loss of civil service status or privilege.

(4)

Facilities, equipment, and services

The Secretary of Education shall make available to the Commission, under such arrangements as may be appropriate, necessary equipment, supplies, and services.

(g)

Reports

(1)

Interim and final reports

The Commission shall prepare and submit to the Secretary of Education, as well as the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives—

(A)

an interim report that summarizes the progress of the Commission, along with any interim findings, conclusions, and recommendation as described in subsection (e); and

(B)

a final report that states final findings, conclusions, and recommendations as described in subsection (e).

(2)

Preparation and submission

The reports described in paragraph (1) shall be prepared and submitted—

(A)

in the case of the interim report, not later than 1 year after the date on which all the members of the Commission are appointed; and

(B)

in the case of the final report, not later than 2 years after the date on which all the members of the Commission are appointed.

(h)

Termination

The Commission shall terminate on the day after the date on which the Commission submits the final report under subsection (g).