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S. 3314 (115th): Census Equality Act


The text of the bill below is as of Jul 31, 2018 (Introduced).

Summary of this bill

Controversially, the Census is now asking questions about Americans’ citizenship. Should it do the same about sexual orientation and gender identity?

Context

Gallup estimates that 4.5 percent of the U.S. population identified as LGBT last year, a number rising every single year since they started the survey in 2012, because the stigma keeps lessening. And that number is as high as 8.2 percent for Millennials, also rising every single year.
 But what is the LGBT population exactly?

What the bill does

The Census Equality Act [S. 3314] would add questions to the Census asking respondents about their sexual orientation and gender identity.
 The Census would have to ...


II

115th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 3314

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 31, 2018

(for herself, Mr. Carper, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Menendez, Mr. Durbin, Mrs. Murray, Ms. Klobuchar, Mrs. Shaheen, Ms. Warren, Mr. Merkley, Mr. Wyden, Mr. Peters, Mr. Kaine, Mr. Booker, Ms. Smith, Mr. Bennet, Ms. Hirono, Ms. Cortez Masto, and Mr. Brown) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

A BILL

To improve Federal data collection by requiring the collection of information on sexual orientation and gender identity in the decennial census and the American Community Survey.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Census Equality Act.

2.

Requirement to collect data on sexual orientation and gender identity

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Bureau

The term Bureau means the Bureau of the Census.

(2)

Gender identity

The term gender identity means the gender-related identity, appearance, or mannerisms or other gender-related characteristics of an individual, regardless of the designated sex of the individual at birth.

(3)

Household data

The term household data means information about individuals who occupy a housing unit.

(4)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce.

(5)

Sexual orientation

The term sexual orientation means homosexuality, heterosexuality, or bisexuality.

(b)

Expansion of data collection

(1)

In general

The Secretary, in carrying out sections 141 and 193 of title 13, United States Code, shall expand the data collection efforts of the Bureau to require the collection of data concerning sexual orientation and gender identity as part of the decennial census and the American Community Survey.

(2)

Methods

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Bureau shall research, identify, and begin implementing a plan to include questions concerning sexual orientation and gender identity in the decennial Census and the American Community Survey.

(c)

Implementation

The plan required under subsection (b) shall require—

(1)

inclusion of questions concerning sexual orientation and gender identity on the decennial census at the earliest feasible date, but not later than the 2030 decennial census; and

(2)

inclusion of questions concerning sexual orientation and gender identity on the American Community Survey no later than 2020.

(d)

Census data reports

(1)

Decennial census

Any report published by the Bureau that relies on gender data or household data from a decennial census conducted after the date on which the decennial census includes questions concerning sexual orientation and gender identity shall include information on sexual orientation and gender identity.

(2)

American Community Survey

Any report published by the Bureau that relies on gender data or household data from an American Community Survey conducted after the date on which the American Community Survey includes questions concerning sexual orientation and gender identity shall include information on sexual orientation and gender identity.

(e)

Confidentiality

All information collected relating to sexual orientation or gender identity of a participant in the decennial census or the American Community Survey shall be maintained by the Bureau in accordance with the confidentiality and privacy standards and policies mandated by sections 9 and 214 of title 13, United States Code.