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S. 411 (115th): ERRPA

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A bill to eliminate racial, religious, and other discriminatory profiling by law enforcement, and for other purposes.

The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.

Sponsor and status

Benjamin Cardin

Sponsor. Senator for Maryland. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Feb 16, 2017
Length: 21 pages
Feb 16, 2017
115th Congress, 2017–2019
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on February 16, 2017, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Cardin Praises Bipartisan Passage of the First Step Act by 87-12 Vote, Says It Must Be the Start of Criminal Justice Reform Efforts, Not the End
    — Sen. Benjamin Cardin [D-MD] (Sponsor) on Dec 18, 2018

Udall, Cardin Introduce Bill to Ban Religious, Racial and Discriminatory Profiling by Law Enforcement [press_release]
    — Sen. Tom Udall [D-NM] (Co-sponsor) on Feb 16, 2017

Van Hollen Joins Cardin to Introduce Bill to Ban Religious, Racial and Discriminatory Profiling by Law Enforcement
    — Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD] (Co-sponsor) on Feb 16, 2017

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Feb 16, 2017

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 411 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not enacted by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 411 — 115th Congress: ERRPA.” 2017. October 14, 2019 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.