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S. 447 (115th): Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act of 2017

About the bill

A bill which just passed the Senate and House could help spur the return of lost money, assets, and property taken by Hitler and the Nazis.


As of a decade ago, less than 20 percent of assets stolen from Jews by the Nazis had been rightfully returned or restored.

Although there are fewer living Holocaust survivors by the day, currently estimated at less than 100,000, that still leaves tens of thousands of people who potentially seek financial restitution for duly-owned property or money that was lost.

What the bill does

The Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act would mandate the State Department report on the progress of European nations in either returning or paying restitution for stolen property or assets from Holocaust victims in the 1930s and …

Sponsor and status

Tammy Baldwin

Sponsor. Senator for Wisconsin. Democrat.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Apr 26, 2018
Length: 2 pages
Feb 27, 2017
115th Congress (2017–2019)

Enacted — Signed by the President on May 9, 2018

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on May 9, 2018.

Pub.L. 115-171

21 Cosponsors (12 Democrats, 9 Republicans)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin and Senator Marco Rubio Applaud Congressional Passage of JUST Act
    — Sen. Tammy Baldwin [D-WI] (Sponsor) on Apr 24, 2018

Rubio Applauds President Trump Signing JUST Act into Law
    — Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL] (Co-sponsor) on May 10, 2018

Barletta Supports Bill to Ensure Long-Overdue Justice for Holocaust Survivors, Families of Holocaust Victims
    — Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11, 2011-2018] on Apr 24, 2018

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Feb 27, 2017

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Dec 5, 2017
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Dec 12, 2017
Passed Senate (House next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the Senate. It goes to the House next. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Apr 24, 2018
Passed House

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by voice vote so no record of individual votes was made.

May 9, 2018
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

S. 447 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 447. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 447 — 115th Congress: Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act of 2017.” 2017. February 4, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.