A bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to increase penalties for individuals who illegally reenter the United States after being removed and for other purposes.
The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.
Sponsor and status
Sponsor. Senator for Texas. Republican.
Last Updated: Jan 5, 2017
Length: 5 pages
115th Congress (2017–2019)
This bill was introduced on January 5, 2017, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.
Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).
16 Cosponsors (16 Republicans)
What legislators are saying
“Sen. Cruz Praises House Passage of Kate's Law”
— Sen. Ted Cruz [R-TX] (Sponsor) on Jun 29, 2017
“Grassley Op-ed: Tax reform is making a difference in Iowa, across U.S.”
— Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA] (Co-sponsor) on Sep 24, 2018
“Sanders Holds Veterans Town Hall and Resource Fair”
— Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT] on May 19, 2018
Jul 6, 2016
Earlier Version — Failed Cloture in the Senate
This activity took place on a related bill, S. 2193 (114th).
Jan 5, 2017
Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.
Jul 1, 2020
Reintroduced Bill — Introduced
This activity took place on a related bill, S. 4119 (116th).
Mar 22, 2021
Reintroduced Bill — Introduced
This activity took place on a related bill, S. 890 (117th).
S. 45 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.
A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.
Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 45. This is the one from the 115th Congress.
This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.
How to cite this information.
We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:
GovTrack.us. (2023). S. 45 — 115th Congress: Kate’s Law. Retrieved from https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/115/s45
“S. 45 — 115th Congress: Kate’s Law.” www.GovTrack.us. 2017. April 2, 2023 <https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/115/s45>
Kate’s Law, S. 45, 115th Cong. (2017).
|title=S. 45 (115th)
|accessdate=April 2, 2023
|author=115th Congress (2017)
|date=January 5, 2017
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Where is this information from?
GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov, the official portal of the United States Congress. Congress.gov is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.