One Hundred Fifteenth Congress of the United States of America
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday, the third day of January, two thousand and eighteen
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
To require the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology to disseminate guidance to help reduce small business cybersecurity risks, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
NIST Small Business Cybersecurity Act.
Improving cybersecurity of small businesses
In this section:
Director means the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
resources means guidelines, tools, best practices, standards, methodologies, and other ways of providing information.
Small business concern
small business concern has the meaning given such term in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
Small business cybersecurity
Section 2(e)(1)(A) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 272(e)(1)(A)) is amended—
in clause (vii), by striking
and at the end;
by redesignating clause (viii) as clause (ix); and
by inserting after clause (vii) the following:
consider small business concerns (as defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)); and
Dissemination of resources for small businesses
Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director, in carrying out section 2(e)(1)(A)(viii) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act, as added by subsection (b) of this Act, in consultation with the heads of other appropriate Federal agencies, shall disseminate clear and concise resources to help small business concerns identify, assess, manage, and reduce their cybersecurity risks.
The Director shall ensure that the resources disseminated pursuant to paragraph (1)—
are generally applicable and usable by a wide range of small business concerns;
vary with the nature and size of the implementing small business concern, and the nature and sensitivity of the data collected or stored on the information systems or devices of the implementing small business concern;
include elements, that promote awareness of simple, basic controls, a workplace cybersecurity culture, and third-party stakeholder relationships, to assist small business concerns in mitigating common cybersecurity risks;
include case studies of practical application;
are technology-neutral and can be implemented using technologies that are commercial and off-the-shelf; and
are based on international standards to the extent possible, and are consistent with the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).
National cybersecurity awareness and education program
The Director shall ensure that the resources disseminated under paragraph (1) are consistent with the efforts of the Director under section 401 of the Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2014 (15 U.S.C. 7451).
Small Business Development Center Cyber Strategy
In carrying out paragraph (1), the Director, to the extent practicable, shall consider any methods included in the Small Business Development Center Cyber Strategy developed under section 1841(a)(3)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328).
The use of the resources disseminated under paragraph (1) shall be considered voluntary.
The Director shall review and, if necessary, update the resources disseminated under paragraph (1) in accordance with the requirements under paragraph (2).
The Director and the head of each Federal agency that so elects shall make prominently available on the respective agency’s public Internet website information about the resources and updates to the resources disseminated under paragraph (1). The Director and the heads shall each ensure that the information they respectively make prominently available is consistent, clear, and concise.
Other Federal cybersecurity requirements
Nothing in this section may be construed to supersede, alter, or otherwise affect any cybersecurity requirements applicable to Federal agencies.
This Act shall be carried out using funds otherwise authorized to be appropriated or made available to the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate