skip to main content

H.J.Res. 36 (116th): Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to parental rights.

Call or Write Congress

About the resolution

Should “liberty… to direct the upbringing, education, and care of their children” be included in the Constitution?


The U.S. is the only eligible country not to have ratified the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child. Some worry that the treaty, if ratified, could transfer more control over the parent-child relationship from the states to the nation, or from the nation to the world.

They want a constitutional amendment to guarantee such rights, which are currently generally respected by the federal government though not officially enshrined in the Constitution.

What the constitutional amendment does

A new constitutional amendment proposal would establish parental rights in the U.S. Constitution — along with the existing rights to freedom of speech, religion, press, and the rest.

Specifically, it would enshrine …

Sponsor and status

Jim Banks

Sponsor. Representative for Indiana's 3rd congressional district. Republican.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Jan 30, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Jan 30, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This resolution was introduced on January 30, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.


19 Cosponsors (19 Republicans)



Jan 30, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.J.Res. 36 (116th) was a joint resolution in the United States Congress.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the President, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

Resolutions numbers restart every two years. That means there are other resolutions with the number H.J.Res. 36. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This joint resolution was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.J.Res. 36 — 116th Congress: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to parental rights.” 2019. February 1, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.