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H.J.Res. 53: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to require that the Supreme Court be composed of not more than nine justices.

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About the resolution

With several presidential candidates advocating more justices on the Supreme Court, should it be forced to remain at nine?


Since 1869, the Supreme Court has contained nine justices, but that number has fluctuated during American history.

At first, there were six justices. In 1807, that increased to seven. In 1837, that increased to nine. In 1863, that increased to 10. It was brought back down to seven in 1866. The status quo of nine justices has remained since 1869.

While the Court’s existence is required by the Constitution ...

Sponsor and status

Mike Gallagher

Sponsor. Representative for Wisconsin's 8th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Mar 25, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Mar 25, 2019

Introduced on Mar 25, 2019

This resolution is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on March 25, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.



Mar 25, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this resolution has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House (Senate next)

Passed Senate

Ratified by State Legislatures

H.J.Res. 53 is a joint resolution in the United States Congress.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the President, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.J.Res. 53 — 116th Congress: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to require that the Supreme ...” 2019. January 20, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.