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H.R. 1397 (116th): Notify ICE Act

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About the bill

Should immigration authorities be alerted if an undocumented immigrants attempts to purchase a weapon?


Any would-be gun purchaser in the U.S. is currently required to pass the National Instant Criminal Background Check System. (Although there are some loopholes, such as the Charleston loophole allowing a gun sale if the background check comes back inconclusive after three days.)

FBI statistics list more than 8 million undocumented immigrants in the background check system. In 2017, the most recent year for which statistics are available, 3,337 undocumented immigrants (p. 16 of the report) attempted to purchase a gun but were denied because of the system.

However, those denials just end there, with the tally going up by one in the FBI’s database. Immigration authorities themselves aren’t alerted of the denial or the …

Sponsor and status

Ben Cline

Sponsor. Representative for Virginia's 6th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Feb 27, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Feb 27, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on February 27, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


20 Cosponsors (20 Republicans)



Feb 27, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 1397 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 1397. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

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