Calendar No. 265
H. R. 1420
[Report No. 116–145]
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
September 10, 2019
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
October 23, 2019
Reported by Ms. Murkowski, without amendment
To amend the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 to promote energy efficiency via information and computing technologies, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Energy Efficient Government Technology Act.
Energy-efficient and energy-saving information technologies
Subtitle C of title V of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Public Law 110–140; 121 Stat. 1661) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Energy-efficient and energy-saving information technologies
In this section:
The term Director means the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
The term information technology has the meaning given that term in section 11101 of title 40, United States Code.
Development of implementation strategy
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, each Federal agency shall coordinate with the Director, the Secretary, and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to develop an implementation strategy (that includes best practices and measurement and verification techniques) for the maintenance, purchase, and use by the Federal agency of energy-efficient and energy-saving information technologies at or for federally owned and operated facilities, taking into consideration the performance goals established under subsection (d).
In developing an implementation strategy under subsection (b), each Federal agency shall consider—
advanced metering infrastructure;
energy-efficient data center strategies and methods of increasing asset and infrastructure utilization;
advanced power management tools;
building information modeling, including building energy management;
secure telework and travel substitution tools; and
mechanisms to ensure that the agency realizes the energy cost savings brought about through increased efficiency and utilization.
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Director, in consultation with the Secretary, shall establish performance goals for evaluating the efforts of Federal agencies in improving the maintenance, purchase, and use of energy-efficient and energy-saving information technology at or for federally owned and operated facilities.
The Chief Information Officers Council established under section 3603 of title 44, United States Code, shall recommend best practices for the attainment of the performance goals, which shall include Federal agency consideration of, to the extent applicable by law, the use of—
energy savings performance contracting; and
utility energy services contracting.
Each Federal agency shall include in the report of the agency under section 527 a description of the efforts and results of the agency under this section.
OMB government efficiency reports and scorecards
Effective beginning not later than October 1, 2019, the Director shall include in the annual report and scorecard of the Director required under section 528 a description of the efforts and results of Federal agencies under this section.
The table of contents for the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 is amended by adding after the item relating to section 529 the following:
Sec. 530. Energy-efficient and energy-saving information technologies.
Energy efficient data centers
Section 453 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17112) is amended—
in subsection (b)—
in paragraph (2)(D)(iv), by striking
determined by the organization and inserting
proposed by the stakeholders; and
by striking paragraph (3); and
by striking subsections (c) through (g) and inserting the following:
The Secretary and the Administrator shall carry out subsection (b) in collaboration with information technology industry and other key stakeholders, with the goal of producing results that accurately reflect the most relevant and useful information. In such collaboration, the Secretary and the Administrator shall pay particular attention to organizations that—
have members with expertise in energy efficiency and in the development, operation, and functionality of data centers, information technology equipment, and software, such as representatives of hardware manufacturers, data center operators, and facility managers;
obtain and address input from Department of Energy National Laboratories or any college, university, research institution, industry association, company, or public interest group with applicable expertise;
commonly accepted procedures for the development of specifications; and
accredited standards development processes; and
have a mission to promote energy efficiency for data centers and information technology.
Measurements and Specifications
The Secretary and the Administrator shall consider and assess the adequacy of the specifications, measurements, best practices, and benchmarks described in subsection (b) for use by the Federal Energy Management Program, the Energy Star Program, and other efficiency programs of the Department of Energy or the Environmental Protection Agency.
The Secretary, in collaboration with the Administrator, shall, not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of the Energy Efficient Government Technology Act, make available to the public an update to the report of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory entitled
United States Data Center Energy Usage Report and dated June, 2016 (prepared as an update to the Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency, published on August 2, 2007, under section 1 of Public Law 109–431 (120 Stat. 2920)), that includes—
a comparison and gap analysis of the estimates and projections contained in the report with new data regarding the period from 2015 through 2019;
an analysis considering the impact of information technologies, including virtualization and cloud computing, in the public and private sectors;
an evaluation of the impact of the combination of cloud platforms, mobile devices, social media, and big data on data center energy usage;
an evaluation of water usage in data centers and recommendations for reductions in such water usage; and
updated projections and recommendations for best practices through fiscal year 2025.
Data center energy practitioner program
The Secretary, in collaboration with key stakeholders and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall maintain a data center energy practitioner program that leads to the certification of energy practitioners qualified to evaluate the energy usage and efficiency opportunities in federally owned and operated data centers. Each Federal agency shall consider having the data centers of the agency evaluated every 4 years, in accordance with section 543(f) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, by energy practitioners certified pursuant to such program.
Open data initiative
The Secretary, in collaboration with key stakeholders and the Office of Management and Budget, shall establish an open data initiative relating to energy usage at federally owned and operated data centers, with the purpose of making such data available and accessible in a manner that encourages further data center innovation, optimization, and consolidation. In establishing the initiative, the Secretary shall consider the use of the online Data Center Maturity Model.
International specifications and metrics
The Secretary, in collaboration with key stakeholders, shall actively participate in efforts to harmonize global specifications and metrics for data center energy and water efficiency.
Data center utilization metric
The Secretary, in collaboration with key stakeholders, shall facilitate in the development of an efficiency metric that measures the energy efficiency of a data center (including equipment and facilities).
Protection of proprietary information
The Secretary and the Administrator shall not disclose any proprietary information or trade secrets provided by any individual or company for the purposes of carrying out this section or the programs and initiatives established under this section.
Determination of budgetary effects
The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled
Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.
October 23, 2019
Reported without amendment