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H.R. 1678 (116th): Protect Our Universities Act of 2019

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About the bill

If China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea are trying to use spies at colleges to gain an edge on American technology and research, what steps should be taken?


Often-hostile nations such as China and Russia have used spies and informants at U.S. universities to gain an edge on what top colleges are developing in research, science, and technology.

The FBI has begun monitoring them, but institutions such as the Chinese military are believed to have benefitted from the intelligence.

What the legislation does

The Protect Our Universities Act aims to crack down on this issue, by:

  • Requiring exchange students from four nations — China, Iran, North Korea, and Russia — to obtain a waiver after a background check from the Director of National Intelligence before participating in any “sensitive …

Sponsor and status

Jim Banks

Sponsor. Representative for Indiana's 3rd congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Mar 12, 2019
Length: 14 pages
Mar 12, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on March 12, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


7 Cosponsors (6 Republicans, 1 Democrat)



Mar 12, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 1678 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 1678. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 1678 — 116th Congress: Protect Our Universities Act of 2019.” 2019. February 6, 2023 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.