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H.R. 1681: Ballot Fairness Act

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About the bill

Should third-party candidates be disadvantaged when it comes to ballot access?


It’s virtually impossible to win elected office unless you run as either a Democrat or Republican.

Third-party presidential candidates in 2016 posted their best percentages since 1996, but even then they notched only 6.1 percent of total presidential votes and failed to carry a single state.

That’s even though, starting in the mid-2010s, independents became a largest percentage of registered voters than either Democrats or Republicans, according to Pew Research Center.

So if that many voters want independent candidates, is there a way to change ballots so that voters could potentially elect more of them?

What the bill does

The Ballot Fairness Act makes two major changes to congressional elections in an aim to incentivize ...

Sponsor and status

Justin Amash

Sponsor. Representative for Michigan's 3rd congressional district. Libertarian.

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Last Updated: Mar 12, 2019
Length: 3 pages
Mar 12, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Mar 12, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on March 12, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Mar 12, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 1681 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 1681. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 1681 — 116th Congress: Ballot Fairness Act.” 2019. October 22, 2020 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.