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H.R. 1688 (116th): Native American Indian Education Act


The text of the bill below is as of Mar 12, 2019 (Introduced).


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1688

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 12, 2019

(for herself, Mr. Tipton, Mrs. Carolyn B. Maloney of New York, Ms. Moore, Mr. Sablan, Mr. Young, Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Mr. Crow, Mr. Cole, Mr. Cárdenas, Mr. Kind, Ms. Gabbard, and Mr. Luján) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor

A BILL

To help provide relief to State education budgets during a recovering economy, to help fulfill the Federal mandate to provide higher educational opportunities for Native American Indians, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Native American Indian Education Act.

2.

Findings and purpose

(a)

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

Nontribal colleges that serve Native American Indian students have a valuable supplemental role to that provided by tribally controlled community colleges in making available educational opportunities to Native American Indian students.

(2)

Some 4-year colleges serve Native American Indian students by providing tuition-free education, with the support of the State in which the institutions are located, as mandated by Federal statute, to hundreds of Native American Indian students in fulfillment of a condition under which the United States provided land and facilities for colleges to a State or college.

(3)

The value of the Native American Indian student tuition waiver benefits contributed by these colleges and the States that support them today far exceeds the value of the original grant of land and facilities.

(4)

The ongoing financial burden of meeting this Federal mandate to provide tuition-free education to Native American Indian students is no longer equitably shared among the States and colleges because it does not distinguish between Native American Indian students who are residents of the State or of another State.

(5)

Native American Indian student tuition waiver benefits are now at risk of being terminated by severe budget constraints being experienced by these colleges and the States which support them.

(b)

Purpose

It is the purpose of this Act to ensure that Federal funding is provided in order to relieve constrained State education budgets and to support and sustain the longstanding Federal mandate requiring colleges and States to waive, in certain circumstances, tuition charges for Native American Indian students admitted to an undergraduate college program, including the waiver of tuition charges for Native American Indian students who are not residents of the State in which the college is located.

3.

State relief from Federal mandate

Part A of title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1057 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 319 the following:

319A.

State relief from Federal higher education mandate

(a)

Amount of payment

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), for fiscal year 2020 and each succeeding fiscal year, the Secretary shall pay to any eligible college an amount equal to the charges for tuition for such year for all Native American Indian students who—

(A)

are not residents of the State in which the college is located; and

(B)

are enrolled in the college for the academic year ending before the beginning of such fiscal year.

(2)

Eligible colleges

For purposes of this section, an eligible college is any institution of higher education serving Native American Indian students that provides tuition-free education as mandated by Federal statute, with the support of the State in which it is located, to Native American Indian students in fulfillment of a condition under which the college or State received its original grant of land and facilities from the United States.

(3)

Limitation

The amount paid to any eligible college for each fiscal year under paragraph (1) may not exceed the amount equal to the charges for tuition for all Native American Indian students of that college who were not residents of the State in which the college is located and who were enrolled in the college for academic year 2019–2020.

(b)

Treatment of payment

Any amounts received by an eligible college under this section shall be treated as a reimbursement from the State in which the college is located, and shall be considered as provided in fulfillment of any Federal mandate upon the State to admit Native American Indian students free of charge of tuition.

(c)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed to relieve any State from any mandate the State may have under Federal law to reimburse a college for each academic year—

(1)

with respect to Native American Indian students enrolled in the college who are not residents of the State in which the college is located, any amount of charges for tuition for such students for such academic year that exceeds the amount received under this section for such academic year; and

(2)

with respect to Native American Indian students enrolled in the college who are residents of the State in which the college is located, an amount equal to the charges for tuition for such students for such academic year.

(d)

Supplement, not supplant

Funds under this section shall be used to supplement, not supplant, any Federal or non-Federal funds that would otherwise be used for Native American Indian students.

(e)

Definition of Native American Indian students

In this section, the term Native American Indian students includes reference to the term Indian pupils as that term has been utilized in Federal statutes imposing a mandate upon any college or State to provide tuition-free education to Native American Indian students in fulfillment of a condition under which the college or State received its original grant of land and facilities from the United States.

(f)

Appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated, and there are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated—

(1)

$19,700,000 to carry out subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020; and

(2)

such sums as are necessary to carry out such subsection for each subsequent fiscal year.

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