H. R. 1716
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 13, 2019
Ms. Pingree (for herself, Mr. Rooney of Florida, Mr. Huffman, Ms. Bonamici, Mr. King of New York, Mr. Young, and Mr. Thompson of California) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
To direct the Secretary of Commerce, acting through the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, to conduct coastal community vulnerability assessments related to ocean acidification, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Coastal Communities Ocean Acidification Act of 2019.
Coastal community vulnerability assessment
Section 12406 of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research And Monitoring Act of 2009 (33 U.S.C. 3705) is amended—
by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
Community vulnerability assessment
The Secretary, through the program established under subsection (a), shall conduct an ocean acidification coastal community vulnerability assessment, and issue a corresponding public report, that shall be updated at least once every 7 years.
The assessment conducted under paragraph (1) shall—
identify the United States coastal communities, including island communities, low-population rural communities, and subsistence communities, that are most dependent on coastal and ocean resources that may be impacted by ocean acidification;
assess the nature of those communities’ social and economic vulnerabilities;
identify the ocean acidification impacts that might harm those communities, including impacts from changes in ocean and coastal marine resources that are not managed by the Federal Government;
identify key knowledge gaps where research could be devoted to better understand the possible impacts of ocean acidification on these vulnerable communities, the risks and threats facing these communities, and possible adaptation strategies for these communities; and
be conducted in collaboration with experts who are familiar with the unique economic, social, ecological, geographic, and resource concerns of the Nation’s coastal communities, including representatives from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service and the Office for Coastal Management.
Support for State and local vulnerability assessments and strategic research planning
In carrying out the program established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall collaborate with State and local government entities that are conducting or have completed vulnerability assessments, strategic research planning, or other similar activities related to ocean acidification and its impacts on coastal communities, for the purpose of—
determining whether such activities can be used as a model for other communities; and
identifying opportunities for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to support such activities.
Ongoing input mechanism
Section 12404(b)(5) of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research And Monitoring Act of 2009 (33 U.S.C. 3703(b)(5)) is amended by adding at the end before the period the following:
, also including an ongoing mechanism that allows affected industry members, coastal stakeholders, non-Federal resource managers, coastal acidification networks, and scientific experts not employed by the Federal Government to provide input on research, data, and monitoring that is necessary to support on-the-ground management, decisionmaking, and adaptation related to ocean acidification and its impacts.
Strategic research plan
Section 12405(b) of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research And Monitoring Act of 2009 (33 U.S.C. 3704(b)) is amended—
in paragraph (8), by striking
and after the semicolon;
in paragraph (9), by striking the period at the end and inserting
; and; and
by adding at the end the following:
make recommendations for research that should be conducted, including in the social sciences and economics, to address the key knowledge gaps identified in the community vulnerability assessment report conducted under subsection (b) of section 12406.
Report on support for State and local vulnerability assessments and strategic research planning
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration shall submit to Congress a report on the efforts of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to support State and local community vulnerability assessments and strategic research planning, pursuant to section 12406(c) of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research And Monitoring Act of 2009 (as added by subsection (a) of this section).