H. R. 1771
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 14, 2019
Ms. Meng (for herself, Mr. Sherman, Ms. Lee of California, Mr. McGovern, Ms. Schakowsky, Ms. Norton, Mr. Cisneros, Mr. Woodall, Ms. Bass, and Ms. Gabbard) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs
To require consultations on reuniting Korean Americans with family members in North Korea.
This Act may be cited as the
Divided Families Reunification Act.
Consultations on reuniting Korean Americans with family members in North Korea
Congress makes the following findings:
The division of the Korean Peninsula into South Korea and North Korea separated thousands of Koreans from family members.
Since the signing of the Agreement Concerning a Military Armistice in Korea, signed at Panmunjom July 27, 1953 (commonly referred to as the
Korean War Armistice Agreement), there has been little to no contact between Korean Americans and family members who remain in North Korea.
North Korea and South Korea first agreed to reunions of divided families in 1985 and have since held 20 face-to-face reunions and 7 video link reunions.
Those reunions have subsequently given approximately 22,000 Koreans the opportunity to briefly reunite with loved ones.
The most recent family reunions between North Korea and South Korea took place in August 2018 and did not include any Korean Americans.
The United States and North Korea do not maintain diplomatic relations and certain limitations exist on Korean Americans participating in face-to-face reunions.
According to the most recent census, more than 1,700,000 people living in the United States are of Korean descent.
The number of first generation Korean and Korean American family members divided from family members in North Korea is rapidly diminishing given the advanced age of those family members. More than 3,000 elderly South Koreans die each year without having been reunited with their family members.
Many Korean Americans with family members in North Korea have not seen or communicated with those family members in more than 60 years.
The inclusion of Korean American families in the reunion process would constitute a positive humanitarian gesture by the Government of North Korea.
Section 1265 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110–181; 122 Stat. 407) required the President to submit to Congress a report on
efforts, if any, of the United States Government to facilitate family reunions between United States citizens and their relatives in North Korea.
The position of Special Envoy on North Korean Human Rights Issues has been vacant since January 2017, although the President is required to appoint a Senate-confirmed Special Envoy to fill this position in accordance with section 107 of the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 (22 U.S.C. 7817).
In the report of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives accompanying H.R. 3081, 111th Congress (House Report 111–187), the Committee urged
the Special Representative on North Korea Policy, as the senior official handling North Korea issues, to prioritize the issues involving Korean divided families and to, if necessary, appoint a coordinator for such families.
Consultations with South Korea
The Secretary of State, or a designee of the Secretary, shall consult with officials of South Korea, as appropriate, on potential opportunities to reunite Korean American families with family members in North Korea from which such Korean American families were divided after the signing of the Korean War Armistice Agreement.
Consultations with Korean Americans
Not less frequently than once every 180 days, the Special Envoy on North Korean Human Rights Issues of the Department of State shall consult with representatives of Korean Americans with family members in North Korea with respect to efforts to reunite families divided after the signing of the Korean War Armistice Agreement.
No additional authorization of appropriations
No additional amounts are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of State to carry out consultations under this subsection.
The Secretary of State, acting through the Special Envoy on North Korean Human Rights Issues, shall submit to Congress, as part of each report required under section 107(d) of the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 (22 U.S.C. 7817(d)), a report on consultations described in subsection (b) conducted during the year preceding the submission of each report required under such section 107(d).
Integration of technology into family reunions
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Special Envoy on North Korean Human Rights Issues of the Department of State shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report on the opportunities for video reunions between Korean Americans with family members in North Korea.
The reports required by paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be submitted in unclassified form to the maximum extent possible, but may include classified annexes.