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H.R. 1986 (116th): Effective Prosecution of Possession of Biological Toxins and Agents Act of 2019

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To amend section 175b of title 18, United States Code, to correct a scrivener's error.

The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.

Sponsor and status

John Ratcliffe

Sponsor. Representative for Texas's 4th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jul 9, 2019
Length: 6 pages
Mar 28, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Enacted Via Other Measures

Provisions of this bill were incorporated into other bills which were enacted.

This bill was enacted as:

S. 744: Effective Prosecution of Possession of Biological Toxins and Agents Act of 2019
Enacted — Signed by the President on Jul 25, 2019. (compare text)

Position statements

What legislators are saying

House Judiciary Committee approves Ratcliffe, Rice bill to punish possession of deadly substances
    — Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4, 2015-2020] (Sponsor) on Jun 12, 2019

Chairman Nadler Statement for Markup of H.R. 1986, the Effective Prosecution of Biological Toxins and Agents Act
    — Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10] on Jun 12, 2019

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates new spending due to H.R. 1986 will be negligible.


Mar 28, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Jun 12, 2019
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jul 9, 2019
Reported by House Committee on the Judiciary

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

H.R. 1986 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 1986. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not enacted by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 1986 — 116th Congress: Effective Prosecution of Possession of Biological Toxins and Agents Act of 2019.” 2019. January 23, 2021 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.