H. R. 2023
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 2, 2019
Mr. Heck (for himself, Mr. Conaway, Mr. Barr, Mr. Carson of Indiana, Mr. Chabot, Ms. Clarke of New York, Mr. Cook, Mr. Diaz-Balart, Mr. Gallego, Mr. Harris, Mrs. Hartzler, Mr. Himes, Mr. Hudson, Mr. Huffman, Mr. Hurd of Texas, Ms. Kaptur, Mr. Kilmer, Mr. Krishnamoorthi, Mrs. Rodgers of Washington, Mr. Meadows, Mr. Olson, Mr. Quigley, Mr. Rooney of Florida, Mr. Turner, and Mr. Weber of Texas) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (Permanent Select), for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned
To require reports by the Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence relating to construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Protect European Energy Security Act.
Congress finds the following:
The Russian Federation is constructing a gas pipeline from Russia to Germany, named the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, the completion of which could address potential increases in European energy consumption but also increase European dependence on Russian energy and have destabilizing effects on the Government of Ukraine if Ukraine loses energy transit fees as a result of construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.
According to experts, the Nord Stream 2 pipeline would transport 80 percent of Russia’s current gas exports to Europe through one single pipeline system, which would run counter to the European Union energy policy of energy security and diversification of supply.
Section 257(a) of the Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act of 2017 (Public Law 115–44; 22 U.S.C. 9546(a)) states in part that it is the policy of the United States—
to work with European Union member states and European Union institutions to promote energy security through developing diversified and liberalized energy markets that provide diversified sources, suppliers, and routes; and
to continue to oppose [the Nord Stream 2 pipeline] given its detrimental impacts on the European Union’s energy security, gas market development in Central and Eastern Europe, and energy reforms in Ukraine.
On January 27, 2018, then-Secretary of State Rex Tillerson stated,
[T]he United States opposes the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. We see it as undermining Europe’s overall energy security and stability …. Tillerson further stated that the pipeline would allow Putin to use energy as a
On March 11, 2018, German chancellor Angela Merkel acknowledged
strategic concerns regarding the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and stated that the pipeline
is not just an economic project, but that, of course, political factors must also be taken into account.
Gazprom, a Russian energy company, is controlled by the Government of the Russian Federation, which, according to the European Commission’s Statement of Objections to Gazprom dated April 22, 2015, has undertaken efforts to use gas as a weapon of coercion.
The Department of State, led by the Bureau of Energy of Resources, has worked extensively with allies, including Denmark, to thwart such Russian efforts.
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that the United States should—
continue to oppose construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and other Russian Federation gas pipelines in northern Europe; and
take affirmative diplomatic steps to halt the construction of such pipelines.
Report by Secretary of State
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on actions the Department of State is taking to implement section 257 of the Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act of 2017 (Public Law 115–44; 22 U.S.C. 9546).
The report shall include details on the following:
Efforts by the Department of State since August 3, 2017, to work with European Union member states and institutions to promote energy security and decrease their dependence on Russian sources of energy, including use of the Countering Russian Influence Fund authorized pursuant to section 254 of the Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act of 2017 (Public Law 115–44; 22 U.S.C. 9543).
Diplomatic efforts undertaken by the Department of State to oppose directly the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and the Turk Stream pipeline.
An estimation of European natural gas supply demand from 2019 through 2023.
Report by Director of National Intelligence
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the impact of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline on—
United States interests and security objectives;
European energy security and defense posture;
Russian influence in Europe; and
Ukraine, including the implications of reductions in transit fees as a result of Nord Stream 2 pipeline.
The reports required by this section shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
Appropriate congressional committees defined
In this section, the term appropriate congressional committees means—
in the House of Representatives—
the Committee on Armed Services;
the Committee on Foreign Affairs;
the Committee on Energy and Commerce; and
the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence; and
in the Senate—
the Committee on Armed Services;
the Committee on Foreign Relations; and
the Select Committee on Intelligence.