H. R. 2311
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 12, 2019
Ms. Haaland (for herself, Mr. Rodney Davis of Illinois, Ms. DeLauro, Mr. Luján, Ms. Moore, Mr. Fitzpatrick, Mrs. Watson Coleman, Ms. Kuster of New Hampshire, Mr. Lamb, Mr. Cárdenas, Ms. Torres Small of New Mexico, and Ms. Roybal-Allard) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor
To amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to prohibit the stigmatization of children who are unable to pay for meals.
This Act may be cited as the
Anti-Lunch Shaming Act of 2019.
Prohibition on stigmatization of children who are unable to pay for meals
Section 9(b)(10) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(10)) is amended—
(10) No physical and inserting the following:
Discriminatory or stigmatizing treatment of children by schools
Discrimination based on eligibility
by adding at the end the following:
Stigmatization based on lack of funds or debt
Definition of covered child
In this subparagraph, the term covered child means a child who—
is a student at a school that participates in—
the school lunch program established under this Act; or
the school breakfast program established by section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773); and
does not have funds to pay for a lunch or breakfast at the school; or
has outstanding credit that was extended by a school food authority for a lunch or breakfast at the school.
Requirements of school food authorities
A school food authority shall not permit—
the public identification or stigmatization of a covered child, such as by requiring the covered child to wear a wristband or display a hand stamp to identify the covered child as a covered child; or
any requirement that a covered child, because of the status of the covered child as a covered child—
perform chores or any other activity that is not required of students generally; or
dispose of a lunch or breakfast after it has been served to the covered child.
Subject to item (bb), a school food authority shall require that any communication relating to an outstanding credit described in clause (i)(II)(bb) of a covered child shall be directed—
to a parent or guardian of the covered child; and
not to the covered child.
A school food authority may permit a requirement that a covered child deliver a letter addressed to a parent or guardian of the covered child that contains a communication described in item (aa), subject to the condition that the letter shall not be distributed to the covered child in a manner that stigmatizes the covered child.
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Agriculture should ensure that—
to the maximum extent practicable, an application for a free or reduced price lunch under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) is distributed—
in an understandable and uniform format; and
by not later than July 1 each year; and
a school food authority offers technical assistance to a parent or legal guardian to complete an application described in subparagraph (A);
each school food authority coordinates with—
the local educational agency liaison designated under section 722(g)(1)(J)(ii) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11432(g)(1)(J)(ii)) to ensure that homeless children and youths eligible to receive free lunches and breakfasts under section 9(b)(12)(A)(iv) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(12)(A)(iv)) receive those free lunches and breakfasts; and
the State agency responsible for administering the State plans under parts B and E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 621 et seq.; 42 U.S.C. 470 et seq.) to ensure that foster children eligible to receive free lunches and breakfasts under section 9(b)(12)(A)(vii) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(12)(A)(vii)) receive those free lunches and breakfasts; and
a school food authority that participates in the school lunch program or the school breakfast program under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) or section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773), respectively—
shall provide to a child who requests a lunch or breakfast a lunch or breakfast, regardless of whether the child—
has money to pay for the lunch or breakfast; or
owes money for a lunch or breakfast;
shall not provide to a child who qualifies for a free or reduced price lunch or breakfast an alternate meal that is not provided to students generally; and
should explore innovative ways to use technology to improve and coordinate communications with parents and guardians with respect to functions such as—
prepayment for meals;
checking balances for school meals;
adding funds to accounts for school meals;
addressing outstanding debt for school meals; and
sending automatic emails when an account balance is low.