H. R. 2404
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 30, 2019
Mr. Rush introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committees on Ways and Means, Energy and Commerce, the Judiciary, Agriculture, and Financial Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned
To lift the trade embargo on Cuba, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
United States-Cuba Relations Normalization Act.
Congress finds that—
the United States can best support democratic change and human rights in Cuba through bilateral dialogue with the Cuban government and by promoting trade and commerce, travel, communications, and cultural, academic, and scientific exchanges;
extension to Cuba of unconditional normal trade relations treatment would assist Cuba in developing its economy based on free market principles and becoming competitive in the global marketplace;
expanding bilateral trade relations is likely to promote further progress in Cuba on human rights and democratic rule and assist Cuba in adopting regional and world trading rules and principles; and
Cuba was one of the founding members of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in 1947 and is an original member of the World Trade Organization, and extension of unconditional normal trade relations treatment to Cuba would enable the United States to avail itself of all rights under the World Trade Organization with respect to Cuba.
Removal of provisions restricting trade and other relations with Cuba
Authority for Embargo and Sugar Quota
Section 620(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2370(a)) is repealed.
Trading With the Enemy Act
The authorities conferred upon the President by section 5(b) of the Trading With the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. 4305(b)), which were being exercised with respect to Cuba on July 1, 1977, as a result of a national emergency declared by the President before that date, and are being exercised on the day before the effective date of this Act, may not be exercised on or after such effective date with respect to Cuba. Any regulations in effect on the day before such effective date pursuant to the exercise of such authorities shall cease to be effective on such date.
Exercise of Authorities Under Other Provisions of Law
Removal of prohibitions
Any prohibition on exports to Cuba that is in effect on the day before the effective date of this Act under the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (50 U.S.C. 4801 et seq.) shall cease to be effective on such effective date.
Authority for new restrictions
The President may, on and after the effective date of this Act—
impose export controls with respect to Cuba under the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (50 U.S.C. 4801 et seq.); and
exercise the authorities the President has under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) with respect to Cuba pursuant to a declaration of national emergency required by that Act that is made on account of an unusual and extraordinary threat, that did not exist before the enactment of this Act, to the national security, foreign policy, or economy of the United States.
Cuban Democracy Act
The Cuban Democracy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 6001 et seq.) is repealed.
Repeal of Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996
The Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 (22 U.S.C. 6021 et seq.) is repealed.
Section 498A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2295a) is amended—
in subsection (a)(11) by striking
and intelligence facilities, including the military and intelligence facilities at Lourdes and Cienfuegos, and inserting
in subsection (b)—
in paragraph (4), by adding
and after the semicolon;
by striking paragraph (5); and
by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (5); and
by striking subsection (d).
Section 498B(k) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2295b(k)) is amended by striking paragraphs (3) and (4).
Section 1611 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (c).
Sections 514 and 515 of the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949 (22 U.S.C. 1643l and 1643m) are repealed.
Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000
The Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.) is amended—
in section 906(a)(1) (22 U.S.C. 7205(a)(1))—
(other than Cuba) after
to the government of a country;
in section 908 (22 U.S.C. 7207)—
by striking subsection (b);
in subsection (a)—
Prohibition and all that follows through
(1) In and inserting
for exports to Cuba or;
by striking paragraph (2); and
by redesignating paragraph (3) as subsection (b) (and conforming the margin accordingly); and
in subsection (b) (as redesignated), by striking
paragraph (1) and inserting
by striking section 909 (22 U.S.C. 7208);
by striking section 910 (22 U.S.C. 7209); and
by redesignating section 911 as section 909.
Repeal of Prohibition on Transactions or Payments With Respect to Certain United States Intellectual Property
Section 211 of the Department of Commerce and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (as contained in section 101(b) of division A of Public Law 105–277; 112 Stat. 2681–88) is repealed.
Sugar Quota Prohibition Under Food Security Act of 1985
Section 902(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 is repealed.
Telecommunications equipment and facilities
Any common carrier within the meaning of section 3 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 153) is authorized to install, maintain, and repair telecommunications equipment and facilities in Cuba, and otherwise provide telecommunications services between the United States and Cuba. The authority of this section includes the authority to upgrade facilities and equipment.
Travel to and from Cuba by individuals who are citizens or residents of the United States, and any transactions ordinarily incident to such travel, may not be regulated or prohibited if such travel would be lawful in the United States.
Transactions Incident to Travel
Any transactions ordinarily incident to travel which may not be regulated or prohibited under subsection (a) include, but are not limited to—
transactions ordinarily incident to travel or maintenance in Cuba; and
normal banking transactions involving foreign currency drafts, traveler’s checks, or other negotiable instruments incident to such travel.
Ongoing discussions with Cuba
The President shall take all necessary steps to conduct negotiations with the Government of Cuba for the purpose of settling claims of nationals of the United States against the Government of Cuba for the taking of property by such government.
Basis of negotiations
These negotiations should use as their basis the three bilateral meetings between the United States and Cuba held between December 2015 and January 2017.
The President shall take all necessary steps to engage in bilateral dialogue with the Government of Cuba for the purpose of securing the protection of internationally recognized human rights.
Continuation of dialogue
This bilateral dialogue should be a continuation of the dialogue between the United States and Cuba initiated in 2016.
As used in this section, the terms national of the United States and property have the meanings given those terms in section 502 of the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949 (22 U.S.C. 1643a).
Extension of nondiscriminatory trade treatment
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of the Congress that—
the United States should promote democratic change and economic reform by normalizing trade relations with Cuba; and
upon the enactment of this Act, it will no longer be necessary for the United States to continue to use article XXI of the GATT 1994 with respect to Cuba, understanding that the President retains full authority to invoke article XXI of the GATT 1994 and comparable provisions in other Uruguay Round Agreements in the future in all appropriate circumstances.
In this section, the term GATT 1994 and Uruguay Round Agreements have the meanings given those terms in section 2 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3501).
Extension of nondiscriminatory treatment to the products of Cuba
Harmonized tariff schedule amendments
General note 3(b) of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States is amended—
to section 401 of the Tariff Classification Act of 1962,; and
Repeal of section 401 of the tariff classification act of 1962
Section 401 of the Tariff Classification Act of 1962 (76 Stat. 78) is repealed.
Termination of application of title iv of the trade act of 1974 to cuba
Extension of nondiscriminatory treatment
Nondiscriminatory treatment (normal trade relations treatment) shall apply to the products of Cuba.
Termination of application of title iv
Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2101 et seq.) shall cease to apply to Cuba.
This section, and the amendments and repeal made by this section, shall apply with respect to goods entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the 15th day after the effective date of this Act.
Report to congress
The President shall submit to the Congress, not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, a report on trade relations between the United States and Cuba.
Prohibition on limiting annual remittances
Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Treasury may not limit the amount of remittances to Cuba that may be made by any person who is subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, and the Secretary shall rescind all regulations in effect on the date of enactment of this Act that so limit the amount of those remittances.
Nothing in subsection (a) may be construed to prohibit the prosecution or conviction of any person committing an offense described in section 1956 of title 18, United States Code (relating to the laundering of monetary instruments), or section 1957 of such title (relating to engaging in monetary transactions in property derived from specific unlawful activity).
This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.