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H.R. 2494: Tribal Nutrition Improvement Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of May 2, 2019 (Introduced).


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2494

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 2, 2019

(for herself, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Luján, Mr. Gallego, Ms. Moore, Ms. Bass, Mr. Kilmer, Ms. Gabbard, Mr. Case, and Mr. Mullin) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor

A BILL

To amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 to improve nutrition in tribal areas, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Tribal Nutrition Improvement Act of 2019.

2.

Universal meal service in Native American areas

Section 11 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1759a) is amended by inserting after subsection (e) the following:

(f)

Universal meal service in Native American areas

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall identify, for optional use in local educational agencies on or near Indian reservations, alternatives to—

(A)

the daily counting by category of meals provided by school lunch programs under this Act and the school breakfast program established by section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773);

(B)

the use of annual applications as the basis for eligibility to receive free meals or reduced price meals under this Act; and

(C)

the use of universal meal service described in subsections (a)(1)(F) and (g).

(2)

Use of alternatives

Alternatives described in paragraph (1) may be—

(A)

implemented for use in schools or by school food authorities that agree—

(i)

to serve all breakfasts and lunches to all students at no cost;

(ii)

to pay, from sources other than Federal funds, the costs of serving any lunches and breakfasts that are in excess of the value of assistance received under this Act or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.), as determined by the Secretary, with respect to the number of lunches and breakfasts served during the applicable period; and

(iii)

not to collect applications for free or reduced price meals; or

(B)

further tested through demonstration projects carried out by the Secretary in accordance with paragraph (3).

(3)

Demonstration projects

For the purpose of carrying out demonstration projects described in paragraph (2)(B), the Secretary may waive any requirement of this Act relating to—

(A)

counting and claiming of meals provided by school lunch or breakfast programs; and

(B)

determinations of eligibility for free or reduced priced meals.

.

3.

School lunch program and child and adult care food program

Section 12(d) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1760(d)) is amended by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following:

(8)

State

The term State means—

(A)

any of the 50 States;

(B)

the District of Columbia;

(C)

the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;

(D)

the Virgin Islands;

(E)

Guam;

(F)

American Samoa;

(G)

the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; or

(H)

an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)).

.

4.

Summer food service program for children

Section 13(a)(1)(E) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1761(a)(1)(E)) is amended—

(1)

in clause (vi), by striking and;

(2)

in clause (vii), by striking the period and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(viii)

an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)).

.

5.

Administrative and start up funds

Section 7(c) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1776(c)) is amended—

(1)

by striking (c) If any State agency and inserting the following:

(c)

Adjustment in administrative funds

(1)

Administration by a State agency

If any State agency

; and

(2)

by adding at the end the following:

(2)

Administration by an Indian tribe

(A)

In general

If an Indian tribe agrees to assume responsibility for the administration of the school breakfast program under section 4 or the school lunch program, summer food service program for children, or child and adult care food program established under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.), the Secretary shall make an appropriate adjustment in the administrative funds paid under this section to the Indian tribe not later than the preceding fiscal year.

(B)

Start up funds

The adjustment in administrative funds described in subparagraph (A) shall consist of an amount for start up funds, negotiated with the Indian tribe, of not less than $10,000 nor more than $100,000 for each fiscal year.

.

6.

School breakfast program

Section 15 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1784) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

(1)

State

The term State means—

(A)

any of the 50 States;

(B)

the District of Columbia;

(C)

the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;

(D)

the Virgin Islands;

(E)

Guam;

(F)

American Samoa;

(G)

the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; or

(H)

an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)).

.