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H.R. 2859 (116th): PRIME Act

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About the bill

But some people have a “beef” with this legislation.


Amid estimates that the covid-19 pandemic could shut down 80% of U.S. meat production capacity, President Trump signed an April 28 executive order compelling meat and poultry processors to remain open during the pandemic. Trump said that their potential closures would “[undermine] critical infrastructure during the national emergency.”

Some say that this pending bill in Congress could have, if previously implemented, significantly lessened the pandemic’s effects on the meat industry in the first place — possibly even obviating the necessity of Trump’s executive order at all by decreasing inspections required for meat and allowing more potential sales.

What the legislation does

Currently, federal law allows four exemptions from the otherwise-mandatory inspection of slaughtered meat: for “personal, household, guest, and employee …

Sponsor and status

Thomas Massie

Sponsor. Representative for Kentucky's 4th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: May 21, 2019
Length: 3 pages
May 21, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on May 21, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


55 Cosponsors (45 Republicans, 9 Democrats, 1 Libertarian)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Representatives Massie and Pingree Introduce Bipartisan PRIME Act to Empower Local Cattle Farmers, Meet Consumer Demand
    — Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4] (Sponsor) on May 23, 2019

5-29-2020 Re-Opening America Update
    — Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3] (Co-sponsor) on May 29, 2020

Amid National Meat Shortage, Congresswoman Pingree Urges House Leadership to Pass Bipartisan PRIME Act & Support Local Farms
    — Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1] (Co-sponsor) on May 14, 2020

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


May 21, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 2859 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 2859. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 2859 — 116th Congress: PRIME Act.” 2019. July 7, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.