H. R. 3061
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
June 3, 2019
Ms. Bass (for herself, Mr. Bacon, Mr. Langevin, and Mr. Schweikert) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means
To support the establishment or expansion and operation of programs using a network of public and private community entities to provide mentoring for children in foster care.
This Act may be cited as the
Foster Youth Mentoring Act of 2019.
Congress makes the following findings:
Research shows that mentors make a difference in young people’s lives. At-risk youth who have mentors are 55 percent more likely to enroll in college. Students who meet regularly with their mentors are 52 percent less likely than their peers to skip a day of school. Youth who have mentors are also 130 percent more likely to hold a leadership position.
Young people that have mentors have improved relationships with adults, fewer disciplinary referrals, and more confidence to achieve their goals.
In 2017, 442,995 youth were in foster care. Of those youth 70,858 were between the ages of 10 and 13, and 101,983 were between the ages of 14 and 20.
Mentoring programs that serve foster youth are unique and require additional considerations, including specialized training and support necessary to provide for consistent, long-term relationships for children in foster care.
Mentoring programs can be used as an effective preventative or intervention strategy to support positive outcomes for foster youth.
Programs for mentoring children in foster care
Subpart 2 of part B of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 629 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Programs for mentoring children in foster care
It is the purpose of this section to authorize the Secretary to make grants to eligible applicants to support the establishment or expansion and operation of programs using a network of public and private community entities to provide mentoring for children in foster care.
In this section:
Children in foster care
The term children in foster care means children who have been removed from the custody of their biological or adoptive parents by a State child welfare agency.
The term mentoring means a structured, managed program—
in which children are appropriately matched with screened and trained adult volunteers for consistent relationships;
that can include direct one-on-one, group, peer, or a combination of these types of mentoring services;
that involves meetings and activities on a regular basis; and
that is intended to meet, in part, the child’s need for involvement with a caring and supportive adult who provides a positive role model.
The term eligible entity means—
a nonprofit organization;
a State child welfare agency;
a local educational agency;
an Indian tribe or a tribal organization; or
a faith-based organization.
The Secretary shall carry out a program to award grants to eligible entities to support the establishment or expansion and operation of programs using networks of public and private community entities to provide mentoring for children in foster care.
To be eligible for a grant under paragraph (1), an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an application containing the following:
A description of the proposed program to be carried out using amounts provided under this grant, including—
the number of mentor-child matches proposed to be established and maintained annually under the program;
the targeted age range of youth to be served by the program;
such information as the Secretary may require concerning the methods to be used to recruit, screen, support, and oversee individuals participating as mentors, and to evaluate outcomes for participating children, including information necessary to demonstrate compliance with requirements established by the Secretary for the program; and
such other information as the Secretary may require.
An assurance that the program will engage in recruitment strategies for mentors that realistically portray the benefits, practices, supports, and challenges of participating in the program.
An assurance that all mentors covered under the program will receive intensive and ongoing training in the following areas:
Child development, including the importance of bonding.
Family dynamics, including the effects of domestic violence and trauma.
The foster care system and foster care principles and practices.
Cultural competence practices and relationship building strategies.
Positive youth development practices.
Recognizing and reporting child abuse and neglect.
Confidentiality requirements for working with children in foster care.
Working in coordination with the child welfare system.
Other matters related to working with children in foster care.
An assurance that all mentors covered under the program are appropriately screened and have demonstrated a willingness to comply with all aspects of the mentor program, including—
a description of the methods to be used to conduct criminal background checks on all prospective mentors; and
a description of the methods to be used to ensure that the mentors are willing and able to serve as a mentor on a long-term, consistent basis.
Community consultation; coordination with other programs
A demonstration that, in developing and implementing the program, the eligible entity will, to the extent feasible and appropriate—
public and private community entities, including religious organizations and Indian tribal organizations and urban Indian organizations; and
family members of children who may be potential clients of the program;
coordinate the mentoring program and the eligible entity’s activities with other Federal, State, and local programs serving children and youth; and
consult and coordinate with appropriate Federal, State, and local corrections, workforce development, and substance abuse and mental health agencies.
Equal access for local service providers
An assurance that public and private entities and nonprofit community organizations, including religious organizations and Indian organizations, will be eligible to participate on an equal basis.
Records, reports, and audits
An agreement that the eligible entity will maintain such records, make such reports, and cooperate with such reviews or audits as the Secretary may find necessary for purposes of oversight of project activities and expenditures.
An agreement that the eligible entity will cooperate fully with the Secretary’s ongoing and final evaluation of the program under the plan, by means including providing the Secretary access to the program, the program’s staff, program-related records and documents, and each public or private community entity receiving funding under the plan.
Considerations in awarding grants
In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall take into consideration—
the feasibility and strength of a plan to recruit and support transition-aged foster youth;
the overall qualifications and capacity of the eligible entity and its partners to effectively carry out a mentoring program under this subsection;
the level and quality of training provided to mentors under the program;
evidence of coordination of the program with the social services and education programs of the State or political subdivision;
the ability of the eligible entity to provide supervision and support for mentors under the program and the youth served by such mentors;
the number of children in foster care served by the State or political subdivision; and
any other factors that the Secretary determines to be significant with respect to the need for, or the potential success of, carrying out a mentoring program under this section.
Use of funds
An eligible entity that receives a grant under this subsection may use such funds to—
develop and carry out a training program and ongoing support for mentors;
recruit mentors for children in foster care; and
provide activities that will help the development of a child in foster care who is participating in the program.
In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall scale grants to account for the eligible entity’s annual budget and capacity.
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to Congress a report that includes the following with respect to the year involved:
A description of the number of programs receiving grant awards under this subsection.
A description of the number of mentors who serve in the programs described in subparagraph (A).
A description of—
the number of children in foster care who participated in mentoring programs funded by the grant funds under this subsection;
data on the academic achievement of the children in mentoring programs funded by the grant funds under this subsection; and
the number of children in foster care on waiting lists for such mentoring programs.
Any other information that the Secretary determines to be relevant to the evaluation of the program under this section.
Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section—
$15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 and 2020; and
such sums as may be necessary for each succeeding fiscal year.