H. R. 335
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
October 15, 2019
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
To require the Inter-Agency Task Force on Harmful Algal Blooms and Hypoxia to develop a plan for reducing, mitigating, and controlling harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in South Florida, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
South Florida Clean Coastal Waters Act of 2019.
South Florida harmful algal blooms and hypoxia assessment and action plan
The Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998 (Public Law 105–383; 33 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.) is amended—
by redesignating sections 605 through 609 as sections 606 through 610, respectively; and
by inserting after section 604 the following:
South Florida harmful algal blooms and hypoxia
In this section, the term South Florida means—
all lands and waters within the administrative boundaries of the South Florida Water Management District;
regional coastal waters, including Biscayne Bay, the Caloosahatchee Estuary, Florida Bay, and Indian River Lagoon; and
the Florida Reef Tract.
Not later than 540 days after the date of enactment of the South Florida Clean Coastal Waters Act of 2019, the Task Force, in accordance with the authority under section 603, shall complete and submit to Congress and the President an interim integrated assessment. Not later than 3 years after such date of enactment, the Task Force shall finalize, and submit to Congress and the President, such assessment. Such assessment shall examine the causes, consequences, and potential approaches to reduce harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in South Florida, and the status of, and gaps within, current harmful algal bloom and hypoxia research, monitoring, management, prevention, response, and control activities that directly affect the region by—
regional research consortia;
nongovernmental organizations; and
Indian tribes (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)).
Not later than 3 years and 6 months after the date of the enactment of the South Florida Clean Coastal Waters Act of 2019, the Task Force shall develop and submit to Congress a plan, based on the integrated assessment under subsection (b), for reducing, mitigating, and controlling harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in South Florida.
The plan submitted under paragraph (1) shall—
address the monitoring needs identified in the integrated assessment under subsection (b);
develop a timeline and budgetary requirements for deployment of future assets;
identify requirements for the development and verification of South Florida harmful algal bloom and hypoxia models, including—
all assumptions built into the models; and
data quality methods used to ensure the best available data are utilized; and
propose a plan to implement a remote monitoring network and early warning system for alerting local communities in the region to harmful algal bloom risks that may impact human health.
In developing the action plan, the Task Force shall—
consult with the State of Florida, and affected local and tribal governments;
consult with representatives from regional academic, agricultural, industry, and other stakeholder groups;
ensure that the plan complements and does not duplicate activities conducted by other Federal or State agencies, including the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force;
identify critical research for reducing, mitigating, and controlling harmful algal bloom events and their effects;
evaluate cost-effective, incentive-based partnership approaches;
ensure that the plan is technically sound and cost-effective;
utilize existing research, assessments, reports, and program activities;
publish a summary of the proposed plan in the Federal Register at least 180 days prior to submitting the completed plan to Congress; and
after submitting the completed plan to Congress, provide biennial progress reports on the activities toward achieving the objectives of the plan.
Clerical amendment and correction
The table of contents in section 2 of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1998 (Public Law 105–383) is amended by striking the items relating to title VI and inserting the following new items:
Title VI—Harmful Algal Blooms and Hypoxia
Sec. 601. Short title.
Sec. 602. Findings.
Sec. 603. Assessments.
Sec. 603A. National Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Program.
Sec. 603B. Comprehensive research plan and action strategy.
Sec. 604. Northern Gulf of Mexico hypoxia.
Sec. 605. South Florida harmful algal blooms and hypoxia.
Sec. 606. Great Lakes hypoxia and harmful algal blooms.
Sec. 607. Protection of States’ Rights.
Sec. 608. Effect on other Federal authority.
Sec. 609. Definitions.
Sec. 610. Authorization of appropriations.
Passed the House of Representatives September 26, 2019.
Cheryl L. Johnson,