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H.R. 3414: Opioid Workforce Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Jun 21, 2019 (Introduced).


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3414

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 21, 2019

(for himself, Mrs. Brooks of Indiana, Ms. Kuster of New Hampshire, and Ms. Stefanik) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, and in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide for the distribution of additional residency positions to help combat the opioid crisis.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Opioid Workforce Act of 2019.

2.

Distribution of additional residency positions to help combat opioid crisis

(a)

In general

Section 1886(h) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395ww(h)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (4)(F)(i), by striking paragraphs (7) and (8) and inserting paragraphs (7), (8), and (9);

(2)

in paragraph (4)(H)(i), by striking paragraphs (7) and (8) and inserting paragraphs (7), (8), and (9);

(3)

in paragraph (7)(E), by inserting paragraph (9), after paragraph (8),; and

(4)

by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(9)

Distribution of additional residency positions to help combat opioid crisis

(A)

Additional residency positions

For each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026 (and succeeding fiscal years if the Secretary determines that there are additional full-time equivalent residency positions available to distribute under subparagraph (D)), the Secretary shall increase the otherwise applicable resident limit for each qualifying hospital that submits a timely application under this paragraph by such number as the Secretary may approve, effective for portions of cost reporting periods occurring on or after July 1 of the fiscal year of the increase. The aggregate number of additional full-time equivalent resident positions available for distribution under this paragraph shall be equal to 1,000, distributed in accordance with the succeeding subparagraphs of this paragraph.

(B)

Distribution for fiscal year 2022

(i)

In general

For fiscal year 2022, 500 of the positions described in subparagraph (A) may only be distributed to hospitals that have established (as of the date of the enactment of this paragraph) approved programs in addiction medicine, addiction psychiatry, or pain medicine, as determined by the Secretary.

(ii)

Considerations in distribution

The Secretary shall distribute additional residency positions under this subparagraph based on the demonstrated likelihood (as determined by the Secretary) of the hospital filling such positions.

(iii)

Requirements

A hospital that receives an increase in the otherwise applicable resident limit under this subparagraph shall ensure, during the 5-year period beginning after the date of such increase, that the hospital uses the positions made available under this subparagraph for a program described in clause (i) or a program that is a prerequisite (as determined by the Secretary) for such a program so described, such as internal medicine. The Secretary may determine whether a hospital has met the requirements under this clause during such 5-year period in such manner and at such time as the Secretary determines appropriate, including at the end of such 5-year period.

(iv)

Redistribution of positions if hospital no longer meets certain requirements

In the case in which the Secretary determines that a hospital described in clause (iii) does not meet the requirements of such clause, the Secretary shall—

(I)

reduce the otherwise applicable resident limit of the hospital by the amount by which such limit was increased under this subparagraph; and

(II)

provide for the distribution of positions attributable to such reduction in accordance with the requirements of this paragraph.

(C)

Distribution for fiscal years 2023 through 2026

(i)

In general

For the period of fiscal years 2023 through 2026, 500 of the positions available for distribution under subparagraph (A) shall be distributed to hospitals which demonstrate to the Secretary that the hospital has established or will establish an approved residency training program in addiction medicine, addiction psychiatry, or pain medicine.

(ii)

Considerations in distribution

The Secretary shall distribute additional residency positions under this subparagraph based on the demonstrated likelihood, as determined by the Secretary, of the hospital filling such positions within the first 4 training years (as specified by the Secretary) after the increase would be effective.

(iii)

Requirements

A hospital that receives an increase in the otherwise applicable resident limit under this subparagraph shall ensure, during the 5-year period beginning after the date of such increase, that the hospital uses the positions made available under this subparagraph for a program described in clause (i) or a program that is a prerequisite (as determined by the Secretary) for such a program so described, such as internal medicine. The Secretary may determine whether a hospital has met the requirements under this clause during such 5-year period in such manner and at such time as the Secretary determines appropriate, including at the end of such 5-year period.

(iv)

Redistribution of positions if hospital no longer meets certain requirements

In the case where the Secretary determines that a hospital described in clause (iii) does not meet the requirements of such clause, the Secretary shall—

(I)

reduce the otherwise applicable resident limit of the hospital by the amount by which such limit was increased under this subparagraph; and

(II)

provide for the distribution of positions attributable to such reduction in accordance with the requirements of this paragraph.

(D)

Distribution of remaining positions

If the aggregate number of positions distributed under subparagraphs (B) and (C) during the period of fiscal years 2022 through 2026 is less than 500, the Secretary shall distribute the remaining residency positions in succeeding fiscal years according to criteria consistent with this paragraph until such time as the aggregate amount of positions distributed under this paragraph is equal to 500.

(E)

Limitation

An individual hospital may not receive more than 25 full-time-equivalent residency positions under this paragraph.

(F)

Notification

The Secretary shall notify hospitals of the number of positions distributed to the hospital under this paragraph as a result of an increase in the otherwise applicable resident limit by January 1 of the fiscal year of the increase. Such increase shall be effective for portions of cost reporting periods beginning on or after July 1 of that fiscal year.

(G)

Application of per resident amounts for primary care and nonprimary care

With respect to additional residency positions in a hospital attributable to the increase provided under this paragraph, the approved FTE per resident amounts are deemed to be equal to the hospital per resident amounts for primary care and nonprimary care computed under paragraph (2)(D) for that hospital.

(H)

Permitting facilities to apply aggregation rules

The Secretary shall permit hospitals receiving additional residency positions attributable to the increase provided under this paragraph to, beginning in the fifth year after the effective date of such increase, apply such positions to the limitation amount under paragraph (4)(F) that may be aggregated pursuant to paragraph (4)(H) among members of the same affiliated group.

(I)

Clarification

Chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code, shall not apply to implementation of this paragraph.

(J)

Definitions

In this paragraph:

(i)

Otherwise applicable resident limit

The term otherwise applicable resident limit means, with respect to a hospital, the limit otherwise applicable under paragraph (4)(F)(i) on the resident level for the hospital determined without regard to this paragraph but taking into account paragraphs (7)(A), (7)(B), (8)(A), and (8)(B).

(ii)

Resident level

The term resident level has the meaning given such term in paragraph (7)(C)(i).

.

(b)

IME

(1)

In general

Section 1886(d)(5)(B)(v) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395ww(d)(5)(B)(v)), in the third sentence, is amended by striking and (h)(8) and inserting (h)(8), and (h)(9).

(2)

Conforming provision

Section 1886(d)(5)(B) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395ww(d)(5)(B)) is amended—

(A)

by redesignating clause (x), as added by section 5505(b) of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111–148), as clause (xi) and moving such clause 4 ems to the left; and

(B)

by adding after clause (xi), as redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following new clause:

(xii)

For discharges occurring on or after July 1, 2022, insofar as an additional payment amount under this subparagraph is attributable to resident positions distributed to a hospital under subsection (h)(9), the indirect teaching adjustment factor shall be computed in the same manner as provided under clause (ii) with respect to such resident positions.

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