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H.R. 3494: Damon Paul Nelson and Matthew Young Pollard Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 2018, 2019, and 2020

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 26, 2019 (Introduced).


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3494

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 26, 2019

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence

A BILL

To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the United States Government, the Community Management Account, and the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Damon Paul Nelson and Matthew Young Pollard Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Definitions.

Title I—Intelligence activities

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 102. Classified schedule of authorizations.

Sec. 103. Intelligence community management account.

Title II—Central intelligence agency retirement and disability system

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

Title III—General intelligence community matters

Sec. 301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.

Sec. 302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by law.

Sec. 303. Paid parental leave.

Sec. 304. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.

Sec. 305. Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain security and counterintelligence concerns.

Title IV—Matters relating to elements of the intelligence community

Sec. 401. Establishment of Climate Security Intelligence Center.

Sec. 402. Transfer of National Intelligence University to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Title V—Matters relating to foreign countries

Sec. 501. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the United States by the Communist Party of China.

Sec. 502. Report on repression of ethnic Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region of the People’s Republic of China.

Sec. 503. Report on efforts by People’s Republic of China to influence election in Taiwan.

Sec. 504. Assessment of legitimate and illegitimate financial and other assets of Vladimir Putin.

Sec. 505. Assessments of intentions of political leadership of the Russian Federation.

Sec. 506. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.

Title VI—Federal Efforts Against Domestic Terrorism

Sec. 601. Definitions.

Sec. 602. Annual strategic intelligence assessment of and comprehensive report on domestic terrorism.

Title VII—Reports and other matters

Sec. 701. Increased transparency regarding counterterrorism budget of the United States.

Sec. 702. Task force on illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations.

Sec. 703. Study on role of retired and former personnel of intelligence community with respect to certain foreign intelligence operations.

Sec. 704. Report by Director of National Intelligence on fifth-generation wireless network technology.

Sec. 705. Establishment of 5G prize competition.

Sec. 706. Establishment of deepfakes prize competition.

2.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Congressional intelligence committees

The term congressional intelligence committees has the meaning given such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).

(2)

Intelligence community

The term intelligence community has the meaning given such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).

I

Intelligence activities

101.

Authorization of appropriations

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the conduct of the intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the following elements of the United States Government:

(1)

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

(2)

The Central Intelligence Agency.

(3)

The Department of Defense.

(4)

The Defense Intelligence Agency.

(5)

The National Security Agency.

(6)

The Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force.

(7)

The Coast Guard.

(8)

The Department of State.

(9)

The Department of the Treasury.

(10)

The Department of Energy.

(11)

The Department of Justice.

(12)

The Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(13)

The Drug Enforcement Administration.

(14)

The National Reconnaissance Office.

(15)

The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.

(16)

The Department of Homeland Security.

102.

Classified schedule of authorizations

(a)

Specifications of amounts

The amounts authorized to be appropriated under section 101 for the conduct of the intelligence activities of the elements listed in paragraphs (1) through (16) of section 101, are those specified in the classified Schedule of Authorizations prepared to accompany this Act.

(b)

Availability of classified schedule of authorizations

(1)

Availability

The classified Schedule of Authorizations referred to in subsection (a) shall be made available to the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and to the President.

(2)

Distribution by the president

Subject to paragraph (3), the President shall provide for suitable distribution of the classified Schedule of Authorizations referred to in subsection (a), or of appropriate portions of such Schedule, within the executive branch.

(3)

Limits on disclosure

The President shall not publicly disclose the classified Schedule of Authorizations or any portion of such Schedule except—

(A)

as provided in section 601(a) of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (50 U.S.C. 3306(a));

(B)

to the extent necessary to implement the budget; or

(C)

as otherwise required by law.

103.

Intelligence community management account

(a)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated for the Intelligence Community Management Account of the Director of National Intelligence for fiscal year 2020 the sum of $565,637,000.

(b)

Classified authorization of appropriations

In addition to amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Intelligence Community Management Account by subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated for the Intelligence Community Management Account for fiscal year 2020 such additional amounts as are specified in the classified Schedule of Authorizations referred to in section 102(a).

II

Central intelligence agency retirement and disability system

201.

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability fund $514,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.

III

General intelligence community matters

301.

Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities

The authorization of appropriations by this Act shall not be deemed to constitute authority for the conduct of any intelligence activity which is not otherwise authorized by the Constitution or the laws of the United States.

302.

Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by law

Appropriations authorized by this Act for salary, pay, retirement, and other benefits for Federal employees may be increased by such additional or supplemental amounts as may be necessary for increases in such compensation or benefits authorized by law.

303.

Paid parental leave

(a)

Purpose

The purpose of this section is to—

(1)

help the intelligence community recruit and retain a dynamic, multi-talented, and diverse workforce capable of meeting the security goals of the United States; and

(2)

establish best practices and processes for other elements of the Federal Government seeking to pursue similar policies.

(b)

Authorization of paid parental leave for intelligence community employees

(1)

In general

Title III of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3071 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 304 the following:

305.

Paid parental leave

(a)

Paid parental leave

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a civilian employee of an element of the intelligence community shall have available a total of 12 administrative workweeks of paid parental leave in the event of the birth of a son or daughter of the employee, or placement of a son or daughter with the employee for adoption or foster care in order to care for such son or daughter. Such paid parental leave shall be used during the 12-month period beginning on the date of the birth or placement. Nothing in this section shall be construed to modify or otherwise affect the eligibility of an employee of an element of the intelligence community for benefits relating to leave under any other provision of law.

(b)

Treatment of parental leave request

Notwithstanding any other provision of law—

(1)

an element of the intelligence community shall accommodate an employee’s leave request under subsection (a), including a request to use such leave intermittently or to create a reduced work schedule, to the extent that the requested leave schedule does not unduly disrupt operations; and

(2)

to the extent that an employee’s requested leave described in paragraph (1) arises out of medical necessity related to a serious health condition connected to the birth of a son or daughter, the employing element shall handle the scheduling consistent with the treatment of employees who are using leave under subparagraph (C) or (D) of section 6382(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code.

(c)

Rules relating to paid leave

Notwithstanding any other provision of law—

(1)

an employee may not be required to first use all or any portion of any unpaid leave available to the employee before being allowed to use the paid parental leave described in subsection (a); and

(2)

paid parental leave under subsection (a)—

(A)

shall be payable from any appropriation or fund available for salaries or expenses for positions within the employing element;

(B)

may not be considered to be annual or vacation leave for purposes of section 5551 or 5552 of title 5, United States Code, or for any other purpose;

(C)

if not used by the employee before the end of the 12-month period described in subsection (a) to which the leave relates, may not be available for any subsequent use and may not be converted into a cash payment;

(D)

may be granted only to the extent that the employee does not receive a total of more than 12 weeks of paid parental leave in any 12-month period beginning on the date of a birth or placement;

(E)

may not be granted—

(i)

in excess of a lifetime aggregate total of 30 administrative workweeks based on placements of a foster child for any individual employee; or

(ii)

in connection with temporary foster care placements expected to last less than 1 year;

(F)

may not be granted for a child being placed for foster care or adoption if such leave was previously granted to the same employee when the same child was placed with the employee for foster care in the past;

(G)

shall be used in increments of hours (or fractions thereof), with 12 administrative workweeks equal to 480 hours for employees with a regular full-time work schedule and converted to a proportional number of hours for employees with part-time, seasonal, or uncommon tours of duty; and

(H)

may not be used during off-season (nonpay status) periods for employees with seasonal work schedules.

(d)

Implementation plan

Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees an implementation plan that includes—

(1)

processes and procedures for implementing the paid parental leave policies under subsections (a) through (c);

(2)

an explanation of how the implementation of subsections (a) through (c) will be reconciled with policies of other elements of the Federal Government, including the impact on elements funded by the National Intelligence Program that are housed within agencies outside the intelligence community; and

(3)

all costs or operational expenses associated with the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).

(e)

Directive

Not later than 180 days after the Director of National Intelligence submits the implementation plan under subsection (d), the Director of National Intelligence shall issue a written directive to implement this section, which directive shall take effect on the date of issuance.

(f)

Annual report

The Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees an annual report that—

(1)

details the number of employees of each element of the intelligence community who applied for and took paid parental leave under subsection (a) during the year covered by the report;

(2)

details the number of—

(A)

employees of each element of the intelligence community stationed abroad who applied for and took paid parental leave under subsection (a) during the year covered by the report; and

(B)

employees of each element of the intelligence community stationed abroad who applied for paid parental leave but such application was not granted because of an undue impact on operations as specified in subsection (b)(1); and

(3)

includes updates on major implementation challenges or costs associated with paid parental leave.

(g)

Definition of son or daughter

For purposes of this section, the term son or daughter has the meaning given the term in section 6381 of title 5, United States Code.

.

(2)

Clerical amendment

The table of contents in the matter preceding section 2 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3002) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 304 the following:

Sec. 305. Paid parental leave.

.

(c)

Applicability

Section 305 of the National Security Act of 1947, as added by subsection (b), shall apply with respect to leave taken in connection with the birth or placement of a son or daughter that occurs on or after the date on which the Director of National Intelligence issues the written directive under subsection (e) of such section 305.

304.

Intelligence community public-private talent exchange

(a)

Policies, processes, and procedures required

Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall develop policies, processes, and procedures to facilitate the rotation of personnel of the intelligence community to the private sector, and personnel from the private sector to the intelligence community.

(b)

Detail authority

Under policies developed by the Director pursuant to subsection (a), pursuant to a written agreement with a private-sector organization, and with the consent of the employee, a head of an element of the intelligence community may arrange for the temporary detail of an employee of such element to such private-sector organization, or from such private-sector organization to such element under this section.

(c)

Agreements

(1)

In general

A head of an element of the intelligence community exercising the authority of the head under subsection (a) shall provide for a written agreement among the element of the intelligence community, the private-sector organization, and the employee concerned regarding the terms and conditions of the employee’s detail under this section. The agreement—

(A)

shall require that the employee of the element, upon completion of the detail, serve in the element, or elsewhere in the civil service if approved by the head of the element, for a period that is at least equal to the length of the detail;

(B)

shall provide that if the employee of the element fails to carry out the agreement, such employee shall be liable to the United States for payment of all non-salary and benefit expenses of the detail, unless that failure was for good and sufficient reason, as determined by the head of the element;

(C)

shall contain language informing such employee of the prohibition on sharing, using, or otherwise improperly handling classified of unclassified non-public information for the benefit or advantage of the private-sector organization;

(D)

shall contain language governing the handling of classified information by such employee during the detail; and

(E)

shall contain language requiring the employee to acknowledge the obligations of the employee under section 1905 of title 18, United States Code.

(2)

Amount of liability

An amount for which an employee is liable under paragraph (1) shall be treated as a debt due the United States.

(3)

Waiver

The head of an element of the intelligence community may waive, in whole or in part, collection of a debt described in paragraph (2) based on a determination that the collection would be against equity and good conscience and not in the best interests of the United States, after taking into account any indication of fraud, misrepresentation, fault, or lack of good faith on the part of the employee.

(d)

Termination

A detail under this section may, at any time and for any reason, be terminated by the head of the element of the intelligence community concerned or the private-sector organization concerned.

(e)

Duration

(1)

In general

A detail under this section shall be for a period of not less than 3 months and not more than 2 years, renewable up to a total of 3 years.

(2)

Longer periods

A detail under this section may be for a period in excess of 2 years, but not more than 3 years, if the head of the element making the detail determines that such detail is necessary to meet critical mission or program requirements.

(3)

Limitation

No employee of an element of the intelligence community may be detailed under this section for more than a total of 5 years, inclusive of all such details.

(f)

Status of Federal employees detailed to private-Sector organizations

(1)

In general

An employee of an element of the intelligence community who is detailed to a private-sector organization under this section shall be considered, during the period of detail, to be on a regular work assignment in the element. The written agreement established under subsection (c)(1) shall address the specific terms and conditions related to the employee’s continued status as a Federal employee.

(2)

Requirements

In establishing a temporary detail of an employee of an element of the intelligence community to a private-sector organization, the head of the element shall—

(A)

certify that the temporary detail of such employee shall not have an adverse or negative impact on mission attainment or organizational capabilities associated with the detail; and

(B)

in the case of an element of the intelligence community in the Department of Defense, ensure that the normal duties and functions of such employees are not, as a result of and during the course of such temporary detail, performed or augmented by contractor personnel in violation of the provisions of section 2461 of title 10, United States Code.

(g)

Terms and conditions for private-Sector employees

An employee of a private-sector organization who is detailed to an element of the intelligence community under this section—

(1)

shall continue to receive pay and benefits from the private-sector organization from which such employee is detailed and shall not receive pay or benefits from the element, except as provided in paragraph (2);

(2)

is deemed to be an employee of the element for the purposes of—

(A)

chapters 73 and 81 of title 5, United States Code;

(B)

sections 201, 203, 205, 207, 208, 209, 603, 606, 607, 643, 654, 1905, and 1913 of title 18, United States Code;

(C)

sections 1343, 1344, and 1349(b) of title 31, United States Code;

(D)

chapter 171 of title 28, United States Code (commonly known as the Federal Tort Claims Act), and any other Federal tort liability statute;

(E)

the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.); and

(F)

chapter 21 of title 41, United States Code;

(3)

may perform work that is considered inherently governmental in nature only when requested in writing by the head of the element;

(4)

may not be used to circumvent any limitation or restriction on the size of the workforce of the element;

(5)

shall be subject to the same requirements applicable to an employee performing the same functions and duties proposed for performance by the private sector employee; and

(6)

in the case of an element of the intelligence community in the Department of Defense, may not be used to circumvent the provisions of section 2461 of title 10, United States Code.

(h)

Prohibition against charging certain costs to the federal government

A private-sector organization may not charge an element of the intelligence community or any other agency of the Federal Government, as direct costs under a Federal contract, the costs of pay or benefits paid by the organization to an employee detailed to an element of the intelligence community under this section for the period of the detail and any subsequent renewal periods.

(i)

Additional administrative matters

In carrying out this section, the Director, pursuant to procedures developed under subsection (a)—

(1)

shall, to the degree practicable, ensure that small business concerns are represented with respect to details authorized by this section;

(2)

may, notwithstanding any other provision of law, establish criteria for elements of the intelligence community to use appropriated funds to reimburse small business concerns for the salaries and benefits of its employees during the periods when the small business concern agrees to detail its employees to the intelligence community under this section;

(3)

shall take into consideration the question of how details under this section might best be used to help meet the needs of the intelligence community, including with respect to the training of employees;

(4)

shall take into consideration areas of private-sector expertise that are critical to the intelligence community; and

(5)

shall establish oversight mechanisms to determine whether the public-private exchange authorized by this section improves the efficiency and effectiveness of the intelligence community.

(j)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Detail

The term detail means, as appropriate in the context in which such term is used—

(A)

the assignment or loan of an employee of an element of the intelligence community to a private-sector organization without a change of position from the intelligence community element that employs the individual; or

(B)

the assignment or loan of an employee of a private-sector organization to an element of the intelligence community without a change of position from the private-sector organization that employs the individual.

(2)

Private-sector organization

The term private-sector organization means—

(A)

a for-profit organization; or

(B)

a not-for-profit organization.

(3)

Small business concern

The term small business concern has the meaning given such term in section 3703(e)(2) of title 5, United States Code.

305.

Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain security and counterintelligence concerns

(a)

Assessment

(1)

Contracting practices

The Director of National Intelligence shall conduct an assessment of the authorities, policies, processes, and standards used by the elements of the intelligence community to ensure that the elements appropriately weigh security and counterintelligence risks in awarding a contract to a contractor that—

(A)

carries out any joint research and development activities with a covered foreign country; or

(B)

performs any contract or other agreement entered into with a covered foreign country.

(2)

Elements

The assessment under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A)

An assessment of whether the authorities, policies, processes, and standards specified in paragraph (1) sufficiently identify security and counterintelligence concerns.

(B)

Identification of any authority gaps in such authorities, policies, processes, and standards that prevent the intelligence community from considering the activities specified in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) when evaluating offers for a contract.

(3)

Consultation

In carrying out paragraph (1), the Director shall consult with each head of an element of the intelligence community.

(b)

Report

(1)

Requirement

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report on the assessment under subsection (a)(1).

(2)

Matters included

The report under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A)

The assessment under subsection (a)(1).

(B)

An identification of any known contractors that have—

(i)

carried out activities specified in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (a)(1); and

(ii)

submitted an offer for a contract with an element of the intelligence community.

(C)

A description of the steps that the Director and the heads of the elements of the intelligence community took to identify contractors under subparagraph (B).

(3)

Form

The report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(c)

Covered foreign country defined

In this section, the term covered foreign country means the government, or any entity affiliated with the military or intelligence services of, the following foreign countries:

(1)

The People’s Republic of China.

(2)

The Russian Federation.

(3)

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

(4)

The Islamic Republic of Iran.

IV

Matters relating to elements of the intelligence community

401.

Establishment of Climate Security Intelligence Center

(a)

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

The evidence for human-induced climate change is clear and undeniable.

(2)

According to the 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community, climate change will fuel competition for resources and cause economic distress and social discontent through 2019 and beyond.

(3)

In 2016, the National Intelligence Council found that climate change and its resulting effects are likely to pose wide-ranging national security challenges for the United States and other countries over the next 20 years..

(4)

The impacts of climate change—

(A)

threaten the national security infrastructure of the United States both domestically and abroad;

(B)

negatively impact the readiness and operations of the Armed Forces; and

(C)

contribute to the conditions that lead to subnational, national, regional, and global instability.

(5)

The intelligence community has previously analyzed, studied, and engaged in public-private partnerships to improve understanding about the effects of climate change on national security, however, such efforts were undertaken in a sporadic manner because of inconsistent commitments to improving understanding of those effects.

(6)

The United States needs to be fully prepared to respond to the threats to, and harmful impacts on, national security from climate change, but is not fully prepared at the present time.

(b)

Establishment

(1)

In general

Title I of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

119C.

Climate Security Intelligence Center

(a)

Establishment

There is within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence a Climate Security Intelligence Center.

(b)

Director of Climate Security Intelligence Center

There is a Director of the Climate Security Intelligence Center, who shall be the head of the Climate Security Intelligence Center, and who shall be appointed by the Director of National Intelligence.

(c)

Duties of Center

The duties of the Climate Security Intelligence Center shall be as follows:

(1)

To serve as the primary organization within the intelligence community for—

(A)

analyzing climate security;

(B)

assessing the global influence and leadership of the United States with respect to climate policies of other countries, international organizations, and transnational groups; and

(C)

identifying and disseminating information regarding climate intelligence indications and warnings.

(2)

To assess and determine best practices with respect to the analysis of climate security, including identifying publicly available information and intelligence acquired through clandestine means that enable such analysis.

(3)

To assess and identify best practices with respect to prior efforts of the intelligence community to analyze climate security, including—

(A)

the Measurements of Earth Data for Environmental Analysis program of the Central Intelligence Agency;

(B)

the Center on Climate Change and National Security of the Central Intelligence Agency; and

(C)

climate security-related activities of the Director of National Intelligence.

(4)

To use the best practices identified under paragraphs (2) and (3) to inform the work of the Climate Security Intelligence Center.

(5)

To consult, as appropriate, with other elements of the intelligence community and elements of the Federal Government that are not elements of the intelligence community to avoid duplication of existing efforts.

(6)

To perform such other duties as the Director of National Intelligence shall specify.

(d)

Separate budget account

The Director of National Intelligence shall include in the National Intelligence Program budget a separate line item for the Climate Security Intelligence Center.

(e)

Report

Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, and biennially thereafter, the Director of the Climate Security Intelligence Center shall submit to the Director of National Intelligence and the congressional intelligence committees a report on the activities conducted by the Center for the period covered by the report.

(f)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Climate security

The term climate security means the effects of climate change on the following:

(A)

The national security of the United States, including national security infrastructure.

(B)

Subnational, national, and regional political stability.

(C)

The security of allies and partners of the United States.

(D)

Ongoing or potential political violence, including unrest, rioting, guerrilla warfare, insurgency, terrorism, rebellion, revolution, civil war, and interstate war.

(2)

Climate intelligence indications and warnings

The term climate intelligence indications and warnings means developments relating to climate security with the potential to—

(A)

imminently and substantially alter the political stability or degree of human security in a country or region; or

(B)

imminently and substantially threaten—

(i)

the national security of the United States;

(ii)

the military, political, or economic interests of allies and partners of the United States; or

(iii)

citizens of the United States abroad.

(3)

Critical infrastructure

The term critical infrastructure has the meaning given that term in subsection (e) of the Critical Infrastructures Protection Act of 2001 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e)).

(4)

National security infrastructure

The term national security infrastructure means the following:

(A)

Military installations and other facilities of the Department of Defense.

(B)

Facilities of the intelligence community.

(C)

Non-Department of Defense or intelligence community facilities that contribute to or otherwise support operations of the Department of Defense or the intelligence community.

(D)

Critical infrastructure.

.

(2)

Conforming amendment

Section 103(c) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3025(c)) is amended—

(A)

by redesignating paragraph (14) as paragraph (15); and

(B)

by inserting after paragraph (13) the following new paragraph:

(14)

The Climate Security Intelligence Center.

.

(3)

Clerical amendment

The table of contents in the first section of the National Security Act of 1947 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 119B the following new item:

Sec. 119C. Climate Security Intelligence Center.

.

(c)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

402.

Transfer of National Intelligence University to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence

(a)

Transfer

Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency shall transfer to the Director of National Intelligence the National Intelligence University, including the functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the University.

(b)

Degree-Granting authority

(1)

Regulations

Under regulations prescribed by the Director of National Intelligence, the President of the National Intelligence University may, upon the recommendation of the faculty of the University, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree requirements.

(2)

Limitation

A degree may not be conferred under this section unless—

(A)

the appropriate head of a Department of the Federal Government has recommended approval of the degree in accordance with any Federal policy applicable to the granting of academic degrees by departments and agencies of the Federal Government; and

(B)

the University is accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by such appropriate head of a Department.

(c)

Congressional notification requirements

(1)

Notification

When seeking to establish degree-granting authority under this section, the Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees—

(A)

a copy of the self-assessment questionnaire required by the Federal policy specified in subsection (b)(2)(A); and

(B)

any subsequent recommendations and rationale of the appropriate head of a Department specified in such subsection regarding establishing such degree-granting authority.

(2)

Modification

Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree-granting authority, the Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or redesignation and any subsequent recommendation described in paragraph (1)(B) with respect to the proposed modification or redesignation.

(3)

Actions on nonaccreditation

The Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the University to award any new or existing degree.

(d)

Conforming repeal

Effective 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, section 2161 of title 10, United States Code, is repealed.

V

Matters relating to foreign countries

501.

Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the United States by the Communist Party of China

(a)

Reports

Title XI of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3231 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

1105.

Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the United States by the Communist Party of China

(a)

Requirement

On an annual basis, the Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report on the influence operations and campaigns in the United States conducted by the Communist Party of China.

(b)

Contents

Each report under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1)

A description of the organization of the United Front Work Department of the People’s Republic of China, or the successors of the United Front Work Department, and the links between the United Front Work Department and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

(2)

An assessment of the degree to which organizations that are associated with or receive funding from the United Front Work Department, particularly such entities operating in the United States, are formally tasked by the Chinese Communist Party or the Government of China.

(3)

A description of the efforts by the United Front Work Department and subsidiary organizations of the United Front Work Department to target, coerce, and influence foreign populations, particularly those of ethnic Chinese descent.

(4)

An assessment of attempts by the Chinese Embassy, consulates, and organizations affiliated with the Chinese Communist Party (including, at a minimum, the United Front Work Department) to influence the United States-based Chinese Student Scholar Associations.

(5)

A description of the evolution of the role of the United Front Work Department under the leadership of the President of China.

(6)

An assessment of the activities of the United Front Work Department designed to influence the opinions of elected leaders of the United States, or candidates for elections in the United States, with respect to issues of importance to the Chinese Communist Party.

(7)

A listing of all known organizations affiliated with the United Front Work Department that are operating in the United States as of the date of the report.

(8)

With respect to reports submitted after the first report, an assessment of the change in goals, tactics, techniques, and procedures of the influence operations and campaigns conducted by the Chinese Communist Party.

(c)

Coordination

In carrying out subsection (a), the Director shall coordinate with the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security Agency, and any other relevant head of an element of the intelligence community.

(d)

Form

Each report submitted under subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

.

(b)

Clerical amendment

The table of contents in the first section of the National Security Act of 1947 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1105 the following new item:

Sec. 1105. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the United States by the Communist Party of China.

.

(c)

Initial report

The Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees the first report under section 1106 of the National Security Act of 1947, as added by subsection (a), by not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

502.

Report on repression of ethnic Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region of the People’s Republic of China

(a)

Report

Not later than 150 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report on activity by the People’s Republic of China to repress ethnic Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region of China.

(b)

Contents

The report under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1)

An assessment of the number of individuals detained in political reeducation camps, and the conditions in such camps for detainees, in the Xinjiang region of China, including whether detainees endure torture, forced renunciation of faith, or other mistreatment.

(2)

A description, as possible, of the geographic location of such camps.

(3)

A description, as possible, of the methods used by China to reeducate detainees and the elements of China responsible for such reeducation.

(4)

A description of any forced labor in such camps, and any labor performed in regional factories for low wages under the threat of being sent back to political reeducation camps.

(5)

An assessment of the level of access China grants to foreign persons observing the situation in Xinjiang and a description of measures used to impede efforts to monitor the conditions in Xinjiang.

(6)

An assessment of the surveillance, detection, and control methods used by China to target ethnic minorities, including new high-tech policing models and a description of any civil liberties or privacy protections provided under such models.

(c)

Coordination

The Director of National Intelligence shall carry out subsection (a) in coordination with the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security Agency, the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and the head of any other agency of the Federal Government that the Director of National Intelligence determines appropriate.

(d)

Form

The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

503.

Report on efforts by People’s Republic of China to influence election in Taiwan

(a)

Report

Consistent with section 3(c) of the Taiwan Relations Act (Public Law 96–8; 22 U.S.C. 3302(c)), not later than 45 days after the date of the election for the President and Vice President of Taiwan in 2020, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report on any—

(1)

influence operations conducted by China to interfere in or undermine such election; and

(2)

efforts by the United States to disrupt such operations.

(b)

Elements

The report under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1)

A description of any significant efforts by the intelligence community to coordinate technical and material support for Taiwan to identify, disrupt, and combat influence operations specified in subsection (a)(1).

(2)

A description of any efforts by the United States Government to build the capacity of Taiwan to disrupt external efforts that degrade a free and fair election process.

(3)

An assessment of whether and to what extent China conducted influence operations specified in subsection (a)(1), and, if such operations occurred—

(A)

a comprehensive list of specific governmental and nongovernmental entities of China that were involved in supporting such operations and a description of the role of each such entity; and

(B)

an identification of any tactics, techniques, and procedures used in such operations.

(c)

Form

The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

504.

Assessment of legitimate and illegitimate financial and other assets of Vladimir Putin

(a)

Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that the United States should do more to expose the corruption of Vladimir Putin, whose ill-gotten wealth is perhaps the most powerful global symbol of his dishonesty and his persistent efforts to undermine the rule of law and democracy in the Russian Federation.

(b)

Assessment

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees an assessment, based on all sources of intelligence, on the net worth and financial and other assets, legitimate as well as illegitimate, of Russian President Vladimir Putin and his family members, including—

(1)

the estimated net worth of Vladimir Putin and his family members;

(2)

a description of their legitimately and illegitimately obtained assets, including all real, personal, and intellectual property, bank or investment or similar accounts, and any other financial or business interests or holdings, including those outside of Russia;

(3)

the details of the legitimately and illegitimately obtained assets, including real, personal, and intellectual property, bank or investment or similar accounts, and any other financial or business interests or holdings, including those outside of Russia, that are owned or controlled by, accessible to, or otherwise maintained for the benefit of Vladimir Putin, including their nature, location, manner of acquisition, value, and publicly named owner (if other than Vladimir Putin);

(4)

the methods used by Vladimir Putin or others acting at his direction, with his knowledge, or for his benefit, to conceal Putin’s interest in his accounts, holdings, or other assets, including the establishment of front or shell companies and the use of intermediaries; and

(5)

an identification of the most significant senior Russian political figures, oligarchs, and any other persons who have engaged in activity intended to conceal the true financial condition of Vladimir Putin.

(c)

Form

The assessment required under subsection (b) shall be submitted either—

(1)

in unclassified form to the extent consistent with the protection of intelligence sources and methods, and may include a classified annex; or

(2)

simultaneously as both an unclassified version and a classified version.

(d)

Appropriate congressional committees defined

In this section, the term appropriate congressional committees means—

(1)

the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate; and

(2)

the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives.

505.

Assessments of intentions of political leadership of the Russian Federation

(a)

In general

Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence, and the head of any element of the intelligence community that the Director determines appropriate, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees each of the assessments described in subsection (b).

(b)

Assessments described

The assessments described in this subsection are assessments based on intelligence obtained from all sources that assess the current intentions of the political leadership of the Russian Federation with respect to the following:

(1)

Potential military action against members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

(2)

Potential responses to an enlarged United States or NATO military presence in eastern Europe or to increased United States military support for allies and partners in the region, such as the provision of additional lethal military equipment to Ukraine or Georgia.

(3)

Potential actions taken for the purpose of exploiting perceived divisions among the governments of Russia’s Western adversaries.

(c)

Form

Each assessment required under subsection (a) may be submitted in classified form but shall also include an unclassified executive summary, consistent with the protection of intelligence sources and methods.

(d)

Appropriate congressional committees

In this section, the term appropriate congressional committees means—

(1)

the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and

(2)

the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.

506.

Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi

(a)

In general

Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report on the death of Jamal Khashoggi. Such report shall include identification of those who carried out, participated in, ordered, or were otherwise complicit in or responsible for the death of Jamal Khashoggi, to the extent consistent with the protection of sources and methods.

(b)

Form

The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form.

VI

Federal Efforts Against Domestic Terrorism

601.

Definitions

In this title:

(1)

Appropriate congressional committees

The term appropriate congressional committees means—

(A)

the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Homeland Security, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives; and

(B)

the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

(2)

Domestic terrorism

The term domestic terrorism has the meaning given that term in section 2331 of title 18, United States Code.

(3)

Hate crime

The term hate crime means a criminal offense under—

(A)

sections 241, 245, 247, and 249 of title 18, United States Code; and

(B)

section 3631 of title 42, United States Code.

(4)

International terrorism

The term international terrorism has the meaning given that term in section 2331 of title 18, United States Code.

(5)

Terms in Attorney General’s Guidelines for Domestic FBI Operations

The terms assessments, full investigations, enterprise investigations, predicated investigations, and preliminary investigations have the meanings given those terms in the most recent, approved version of the Attorney General’s Guidelines for Domestic FBI Operations (or successor).

(6)

Terms in FBI budget materials

The terms Consolidated Strategy Guide, Field Office Strategic Plan, Integrated Program Management Process, and Threat Review and Prioritization have the meanings given those terms in the materials submitted to Congress by the Attorney General in support of the Federal Bureau of Investigation budget for fiscal year 2020.

(7)

Terrorism

The term terrorism includes domestic terrorism and international terrorism.

(8)

Terrorism information

The term terrorism information has the meaning given that term in section 1016(a) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485).

(9)

Time utilization and recordkeeping data

The term time utilization and recordkeeping data means data collected on resource utilization and workload activity of personnel of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in accordance with Federal law.

602.

Annual strategic intelligence assessment of and comprehensive report on domestic terrorism

(a)

Report required

(1)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 2025, the Director of National Intelligence, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis shall jointly submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on domestic terrorism containing the following:

(A)

Strategic intelligence assessment under subsection (b).

(B)

Discussion of activities under subsection (c).

(C)

Data on domestic terrorism under subsection (d).

(2)

Responsibilities

(A)

Coordination of reports and integration of information

The Director of National Intelligence, acting through the Director of the National Counterterrorism Center, shall be the lead official for coordinating the production of and integrating terrorism information into—

(i)

each report under paragraph (1); and

(ii)

each strategic intelligence assessment under subsection (b).

(B)

Information sharing

The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis shall provide to the Director of the National Counterterrorism Center all appropriate information requested by the Director of the National Counterterrorism Center to carry out this section.

(b)

Strategic intelligence assessment

The Director of National Intelligence, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis shall include—

(1)

in the first report under subsection (a)(1), a strategic intelligence assessment of domestic terrorism in the United States during fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 2019; and

(2)

in each subsequent report under such subsection, a strategic intelligence assessment of domestic terrorism in the United States during the prior fiscal year.

(c)

Discussion of activities

Each report under subsection (a)(1) shall discuss and compare the following:

(1)

The criteria for opening, managing, and closing domestic and international terrorism investigations by the Federal Government.

(2)

Standards and procedures for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security, and the National Counterterrorism Center, with respect to the review, prioritization, and mitigation of domestic and international terrorism threats in the United States.

(3)

The planning, development, production, analysis, and evaluation by the United States Government of intelligence products relating to terrorism, including both raw and finished intelligence.

(4)

The sharing of information relating to domestic and international terrorism by and between—

(A)

the Federal Government;

(B)

State, local, Tribal, territorial, and foreign governments;

(C)

the appropriate congressional committees;

(D)

nongovernmental organizations; and

(E)

the private sector.

(5)

The criteria and methodology used by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security, and the National Counterterrorism Center, to identify or assign terrorism classifications to incidents of terrorism or investigations of terrorism, including—

(A)

a comparison of the criteria and methodology used with respect to domestic terrorism and international terrorism;

(B)

the identification of any changes made to investigative classifications; and

(C)

a discussion of the rationale for any changes identified under subparagraph (B).

(d)

Data on domestic terrorism

(1)

Data required

The Director of National Intelligence, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis shall include in each report under subsection (a)(1) the following data:

(A)

For each completed or attempted incident of domestic terrorism that has occurred in the United States during the applicable period—

(i)

a description of such incident;

(ii)

the number and type of completed and attempted Federal non-violent crimes committed during such incident;

(iii)

the number and type of completed and attempted Federal and State property crimes committed during such incident, including an estimate of economic damages resulting from such crimes; and

(iv)

the number and type of completed and attempted Federal violent crimes committed during such incident, including the number of people injured or killed as a result of such crimes.

(B)

For the applicable period—

(i)

an identification of each assessment, preliminary investigation, full investigation, and enterprise investigation with a nexus to domestic terrorism opened, pending, or closed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

(ii)

the number of assessments or investigations identified under clause (i) associated with each domestic terrorism investigative classification (including subcategories);

(iii)

the number and domestic terrorism investigative classification (including subcategories) with respect to such investigations initiated as a result of a referral or investigation by a State, local, Tribal, territorial, or foreign government of a hate crime;

(iv)

the number of Federal criminal charges with a nexus to domestic terrorism, including the number of indictments and complaints associated with each domestic terrorism investigative classification (including subcategories), a summary of the allegations contained in each such indictment, the disposition of the prosecution, and, if applicable, the sentence imposed as a result of a conviction on such charges;

(v)

referrals of incidents of domestic terrorism by State, local, Tribal, or territorial governments to departments or agencies of the Federal Government for investigation or prosecution, including the number of such referrals associated with each domestic terrorism investigation classification (including any subcategories), and a summary of each such referral that includes the rationale for such referral and the disposition of the applicable Federal investigation or prosecution;

(vi)

intelligence products produced by the intelligence community relating to domestic terrorism, including—

(I)

the number of such products associated with each domestic terrorism investigative classification (including any subcategories); and

(II)

with respect to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, at a minimum, all relevant data available through the Integrated Program Management Process;

(vii)

with respect to the National Counterterrorism Center, the number of staff (expressed in terms of full-time equivalents and positions) working on matters relating to domestic terrorism described in clauses (i) through (vi); and

(viii)

with respect to the Federal Bureau of Investigation—

(I)

the number of staff (expressed in terms of full-time equivalents and positions) working on matters relating to domestic terrorism described in clauses (i) through (vi); and

(II)

a summary of time utilization and recordkeeping data for personnel working on such matters, including the number or percentage of such personnel associated with each domestic terrorism investigative classification (including any subcategories) in the FBI Headquarters Operational Divisions and Field Divisions.

(2)

Applicable period

For purposes of this subsection, the applicable period is the following:

(A)

For the first report required under subsection (a)(1)—

(i)

with respect to the data described in paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection, the period on or after April 19, 1995; and

(ii)

with respect to the data described in paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection, each of fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 2019.

(B)

For each subsequent report required under subsection (a)(1), the prior fiscal year.

(e)

Provision of other documents and materials

(1)

In general

Together with each report under subsection (a)(1), the Director of National Intelligence, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis shall also submit to the appropriate congressional committees the following documents and materials:

(A)

With respect to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, at a minimum, the most recent, approved versions of—

(i)

the Attorney General’s Guidelines for Domestic FBI Operations (or any successor);

(ii)

the FBI Domestic Investigations and Operations Guide (or any successor);

(iii)

the FBI Counterterrorism Policy Guide (or any successor);

(iv)

materials relating to terrorism within the Threat Review and Prioritization process for the headquarters and field divisions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

(v)

the Consolidated Strategy Guide (or any successor); and

(vi)

the Field Office Strategic Plans (or any successor).

(B)

With respect to the intelligence community, each finished intelligence product described in subsection (d)(1)(B)(vi).

(2)

Nonduplication

If any documents or materials required under paragraph (1) have been previously submitted to the appropriate congressional committees under such paragraph and have not been modified since such submission, the Director of National Intelligence, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis may provide a list of such documents or materials in lieu of making the submission under paragraph (1) for those documents or materials.

(f)

Format

The information required under subsection (d) may be provided in a format that uses the marking associated with the Central Records System (or any successor system) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(g)

Classification and public release

Each report under subsection (a) shall be—

(1)

unclassified, but may contain a classified annex;

(2)

with respect to the unclassified portion of the report, made available on the public internet website of the National Counterterrorism Center in an electronic format that is fully indexed and searchable; and

(3)

with respect to a classified annex, submitted to the appropriate congressional committees in an electronic format that is fully indexed and searchable.

VII

Reports and other matters

701.

Increased transparency regarding counterterrorism budget of the United States

(a)

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

Consistent with section 601(a) of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (50 U.S.C. 3306(a)), the recent practice of the intelligence community has been to release to the public—

(A)

around the date on which the President submits to Congress a budget for a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the top-line amount of total funding requested for the National Intelligence Program for such fiscal year; and

(B)

the amount of requested and appropriated funds for the National Intelligence Program and Military Intelligence Program for certain prior fiscal years, consistent with the protection of intelligence sources and methods.

(2)

The Directorate of Strategic Operational Planning of the National Counterterrorism Center is responsible for producing an annual National Counterterrorism Budget report, which examines the alignment of intelligence and other resources in the applicable fiscal year budget with the counterterrorism goals and areas of focus in the National Strategy for Counterterrorism.

(b)

Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

despite the difficulty of compiling and releasing to the public comprehensive information on the resource commitments of the United States to counterterrorism activities and programs, including with respect to such activities and programs of the intelligence community, the United States Government could take additional steps to enhance the understanding of the public with respect to such resource commitments, in a manner consistent with the protection of intelligence sources and methods and other national security interests; and

(2)

the United States Government should release to the public as much information as possible regarding the funding of counterterrorism activities and programs, including activities and programs of the intelligence community, in a manner consistent with the protection of intelligence sources and methods and other national security interests.

(c)

Briefing on public release of information

(1)

Requirement

Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than 90 days after the beginning of each fiscal year thereafter, the President shall ensure that the congressional intelligence committees receive a briefing from appropriate personnel of the United States Government on the feasibility of releasing to the public additional information relating to counterterrorism efforts of the intelligence community.

(2)

Elements

Each briefing required by paragraph (1) shall include a discussion of the feasibility of—

(A)

subject to paragraph (3), releasing to the public the National Counterterrorism Budget report described in subsection (a)(2) for the prior fiscal year; and

(B)

declassifying other reports, documents, or activities of the intelligence community relating to counterterrorism and releasing such information to the public in a manner consistent with the protection of intelligence sources and methods and other national security interests.

(3)

Release of National Counterterrorism Budget report

The President may satisfy the requirement under paragraph (2)(A) during a fiscal year by, not later than 90 days after the beginning of the fiscal year, releasing to the public the National Counterterrorism Budget report (with any redactions the Director determines necessary to protect intelligence sources and methods and other national security interests) for the prior fiscal year.

702.

Task force on illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations

(a)

Establishment

Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall establish a task force to study and assess the illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations directed at the United States.

(b)

Membership

The task force shall be composed of the following individuals (or designees of the individual):

(1)

The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.

(2)

The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(3)

The Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Intelligence and Analysis.

(4)

The Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research.

(5)

Such other heads of the elements of the intelligence community that the Director of National Intelligence determines appropriate.

(c)

Chairperson; Meetings

(1)

Chairperson

The Director of National Intelligence shall appoint a senior official within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence to serve as the chairperson of the task force.

(2)

Meetings

The task force shall meet regularly but not less frequently than on a quarterly basis.

(d)

Reports

(1)

Initial report

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the task force shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations directed at the United States. The report shall address the following:

(A)

The extent of the collection by the intelligence community, from all sources (including the governments of foreign countries), of intelligence and information relating to illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations directed at the United States, and any gaps in such collection.

(B)

Any specific legal, regulatory, policy, or other prohibitions, or financial, human, technical, or other resource limitations or constraints, that have affected the ability of the Director of National Intelligence or other heads of relevant elements of the intelligence community in collecting or analyzing intelligence or information relating to illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations directed at the United States.

(C)

The methods, as of the date of the report, by which hostile governments of foreign countries or foreign organizations, and any groups or persons acting on behalf of or with the support of such governments or organizations, seek to disguise or obscure relationships between such governments, organizations, groups, or persons and United States persons, for the purpose of conducting espionage or foreign influence operations directed at the United States, including by exploiting financial laws, systems, or instruments, of the United States.

(D)

The existing practices of the intelligence community for ensuring that intelligence and information relating to the illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations is analyzed and shared with other elements of the intelligence community, and any recommendations for improving such analysis and sharing.

(2)

Annual update

Not later than November 1, 2020, and each year thereafter through the date specified in subsection (e), the task force shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees an update on the report under paragraph (1).

(3)

Form

Each report submitted under this subsection may be submitted in classified form, but if submitted in such form, shall include an unclassified summary.

(e)

Termination

The task force shall terminate on January 1, 2025.

(f)

Appropriate congressional committees defined

In this section, the term appropriate congressional committees means the following:

(1)

The congressional intelligence committees.

(2)

The Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives.

(3)

The Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate.

703.

Study on role of retired and former personnel of intelligence community with respect to certain foreign intelligence operations

(a)

Study

The Director of National Intelligence shall conduct a study on former intelligence personnel providing covered intelligence assistance.

(b)

Elements

The study under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1)

An identification of, and discussion of the effectiveness of, existing laws, policies, procedures, and other measures relevant to the ability of elements of the intelligence community to prevent former intelligence personnel from providing covered intelligence assistance—

(A)

without proper authorization; or

(B)

in a manner that would violate legal or policy controls if the personnel performed such assistance while working for the United States Government.

(2)

Make recommendations for such legislative, regulatory, policy, or other changes as may be necessary to ensure that the United States consistently meets the objectives described in paragraph (1).

(c)

Report and plan

Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees—

(1)

a report on the findings of the Director with respect to each element of the study under subsection (a); and

(2)

a plan to implement any recommendations made by the Director that the Director may implement without changes to Federal law.

(d)

Form

The report and plan under subsection (c) may be submitted in classified form.

(e)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Covered intelligence assistance

The term covered intelligence assistance means assistance—

(A)

provided by former intelligence personnel directly to, or for the benefit of, the government of a foreign country or indirectly to, or for the benefit of, such a government through a company or other entity; and

(B)

that relates to intelligence or law enforcement activities of a foreign country, including with respect to operations that involve abuses of human rights, violations of the laws of the United States, or infringements on the privacy rights of United States persons.

(2)

Former intelligence personnel

The term former intelligence personnel means retired or former personnel of the intelligence community, including civilian employees of elements of the intelligence community, members of the Armed Forces, and contractors of elements of the intelligence community.

704.

Report by Director of National Intelligence on fifth-generation wireless network technology

(a)

Report

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report on—

(1)

the threat to the national security of the United States posed by the global and regional adoption of fifth-generation wireless network (in this section referred to as 5G wireless network) technology built by foreign companies; and

(2)

possible efforts to mitigate the threat.

(b)

Contents

The report under subsection (a) shall include—

(1)

the timeline and scale of global and regional adoption of foreign 5G wireless network technology;

(2)

the implications of such global and regional adoption on the cyber and espionage threat to the United States, the interests of the United States, and the cyber and collection capabilities of the United States; and

(3)

the effect of possible mitigation efforts, including with respect to—

(A)

a policy of the United States Government promoting the use of strong, end-to-end encryption for data transmitted over 5G wireless networks;

(B)

a policy of the United States Government promoting or funding free, open-source implementation of 5G wireless network technology;

(C)

subsidies or incentives provided by the United States Government that could be used to promote the adoption of secure 5G wireless network technology developed by companies of the United States or companies of allies of the United States; and

(D)

a strategy by the United States Government to reduce foreign influence and political pressure in international standard-setting bodies.

(c)

Form

The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

705.

Establishment of 5G prize competition

(a)

Prize competition

Pursuant to section 24 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719), the Director of National Intelligence, acting through the Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Agency, shall carry out a program to award prizes competitively to stimulate research and development relevant to 5G technology.

(b)

Prize amount

In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Director may award not more than a total of $5,000,000 to one or more winners of the prize competition.

(c)

Consultation

In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Director may consult with the heads of relevant departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

(d)

5G technology defined

In this section, the term 5G technology means hardware, software, or other technologies relating to fifth-generation wireless networks.

706.

Establishment of deepfakes prize competition

(a)

Prize competition

Pursuant to section 24 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719), the Director of National Intelligence, acting through the Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Agency, shall carry out a program to award prizes competitively to stimulate the research, development, or commercialization of technologies to automatically detect machine-manipulated media.

(b)

Prize amount

In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Director may award not more than a total of $5,000,000 to one or more winners of the prize competition.

(c)

Consultation

In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Director may consult with the heads of relevant departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

(d)

Machine-Manipulated media defined

In this section, the term machine-manipulated media means video, image, or audio recordings generated or substantially modified using machine-learning techniques in order to falsely depict events or to falsely depict the speech or conduct of an individual.