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H.R. 3502 (116th): Protecting People From Surprise Medical Bills Act

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About the bill

Half the states now have laws against surprise medical bills, so should the federal government too?


Surprise medical bills, stemming from disputes between insurance companies and healthcare providers, are often passed along to the patient at life-ruining costs. For example, the Texas high school teacher charged $108 thousand for his heart attack. Or the former cocktail waitress in Washington charged $227 thousand for her heart attack.

States from across the political spectrum have passed laws cracking down on the practice. In 2019 so far, those states have included Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. Other states from across the political spectrum — including Arizona, Maine, Minnesota, and Oregon — passed such laws in 2017 and 2018.

As of January, according to a Commonwealth Fund analysis, 25 …

Sponsor and status

Raul Ruiz

Sponsor. Representative for California's 36th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jun 26, 2019
Length: 32 pages
Jun 26, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on June 26, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


110 Cosponsors (61 Republicans, 48 Democrats, 1 Independent)



Jun 26, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 3502 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3502. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 3502 — 116th Congress: Protecting People From Surprise Medical Bills Act.” 2019. August 7, 2022 <>

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