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H.R. 3502: Protecting People From Surprise Medical Bills Act

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About the bill

Half the states now have laws against surprise medical bills, so should the federal government too?


Surprise medical bills, stemming from disputes between insurance companies and healthcare providers, are often passed along to the patient at life-ruining costs. For example, the Texas high school teacher charged $108 thousand for his heart attack. Or the former cocktail waitress in Washington charged $227 thousand for her heart attack.

States from across the political spectrum have passed laws cracking down on the practice. In 2019 so far, those states have included Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. Other states from across the political spectrum — including Arizona, Maine, Minnesota, and Oregon — passed such laws in 2017 and 2018.

As of January, according to a Commonwealth Fund analysis, 25 states offered no such protections. While ...

Sponsor and status

Raul Ruiz

Sponsor. Representative for California's 36th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jun 26, 2019
Length: 32 pages
Jun 26, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Jun 26, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on June 26, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

2% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Jun 26, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 3502 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3502. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 3502 — 116th Congress: Protecting People From Surprise Medical Bills Act.” 2019. October 21, 2020 <>

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