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H.R. 3583 (116th): Federal Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should female genital mutilation be illegal under federal law? It had been until last December.


A 1996 law criminalized female genital mutilation for any girl under age 18. Two exceptions had been granted under the law: genital mutilation done out of medical necessity, and if a girl is in labor or has just given birth.

But in December 2018, Michigan federal judge Bernard Friedman ruled the law unconstitutional, saying Congress did not have the power to make such a national law and it was the proper domain of states. The case came after a Livonia, Michigan physician named Dr. Jumana Nagarwala performed female genital mutilation in violation of the 1996 law.

President Trump’s Solicitor General Noel Francisco, essentially the person responsible for arguing the federal government’s position ...

Sponsor and status

Scott Perry

Sponsor. Representative for Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district. Republican.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Jun 27, 2019
Length: 4 pages
Jun 27, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Enacted Via Other Measures

Provisions of this bill were incorporated into other bills which were enacted.

This bill was incorporated into:

H.R. 6100: STOP FGM Act of 2020
Enacted — Signed by the President on Jan 5, 2021. (compare text)

9 Cosponsors (9 Republicans)



Jun 27, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 3583 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3583. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 3583 — 116th Congress: Federal Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2019.” 2019. July 30, 2021 <>

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