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H.R. 3645: Correct the Census Count Act

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About the bill

The Census is due by April 1.


Under current law, prisoners are counted for the Census as residing wherever their jail is, rather than where they’re originally from — even if their jail is out of state. This politically benefits any districts or communities which just happen to have a prison.

It particularly benefits the voting-eligible residents of such communities, because the prisoners themselves increase the official population yet can’t vote themselves. For example, there’s a city council ward in Iowa where the official “population” is 96% prisoners. This in turn gives the remaining 4% of the population who can actually vote huge voting power per-person.

Though not always, this frequently benefits the often-white residents of towns with prisons, while frequently harming African-American and Hispanic demographics which ...

Sponsor and status

Lacy Clay Jr.

Sponsor. Representative for Missouri's 1st congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jul 9, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Jul 9, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Jul 9, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on July 9, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Jul 9, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 3645 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3645. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 3645 — 116th Congress: Correct the Census Count Act.” 2019. October 28, 2020 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.